Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 28 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 383 - 393 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.5578/flora.20239708 İndeks Tarihi: 28-10-2023

Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students

Öz:
Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 infection was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019, then it rapidly spread around the world and has become a pandemic. Vaccines play a crucial role in providing protection against COVID-19. However, there is a concerning issue of vaccine hesitancy or refusal among some individuals. This research aims to evaluate the general knowledge, attitude, and hesitancy about COVID-19 vaccines at a state university. Materials and Methods: Our study was designed as an analytical cross-sectional survey-based study. The survey consisted of 23 questions based on sociodemographic features, the status of being infected with COVID-19 and getting vaccinated, knowledge, and attitudes, including hesitancy towards COVID-19 vaccines. We conducted a study between 20 April 2022 and 20 May 2022 in the Sakarya University campus. The survey was distributed face-to-face on Google Documents with QR code. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Pearson’s Chi-Square test was used to compare categorical variables. After descriptive and cross-analysis, Cox regression analysis was used to analyze variables that determine the vaccine discontinuation process. Results: A total of 1292 students participated in this study. 52.2% of the students were women; 36.7% have studied in engineering and related technical departments. 59.3% of the respondents had never been infected with COVID-19. 44.8% followed the news on social media. The majority (63.3%) had two doses of the vaccine. In the study, 65% of the students did not consider getting the next dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. The most common reasons for individuals not receiving the next dose of the vaccine were concerns regarding potential long-term side effects on their health (19.1%) and the perceived necessity of continuous booster doses (18.7%). Conclusion: Based on our findings, it can be inferred that the primary barrier to obtaining booster doses is the inadequate level of belief in the efficacy of vaccines. To address this issue, it is crucial to implement media literacy education for all individuals, conduct vaccine awareness campaigns, promote reliable fact-checkers, and enhance public education. These measures are necessary to overcome vaccine booster hesitancy and ensure widespread acceptance and uptake of booster doses.
Anahtar Kelime: COVID-19 COVID-19 vaccine Hesitancy Booster dose University students

Sakarya Üniversitesi Öğrencilerinde COVID-19 Aşısının Pekiştirme Dozlarına Duyulan Çekimserliğe İlişkin Faktörlerin İncelenmesi

Öz:
Giriş: İlk olarak Aralık 2019’da Çin’in Wuhan kentinde rapor edilen ve tüm dünyaya hızla yayılan SARS-CoV-2 infeksiyonu daha sonra Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (DSÖ) tarafından pandemi ilan edilmiştir. Aşılar, COVID-19’a karşı en önemli silah olmasına rağmen insanların aşı olmaktan çekindiği veya aşı olmayı reddettiği görülmektedir. Bu çalışma, bir devlet üniversitesinde COVID-19’a karşı geliştirilen aşılara dair genel bilgiyi, tutumu ve çekimserliği değerlendirmeyi hedeflemektedir. Materyal ve Metod: Bu araştırma kesitsel analitik tipte bir çalışma olup sosyodemografik faktörler, COVID-19 ile infekte olma durumu, aşılanma durumu, COVID-19 aşılarına dair bilgi, tutum ve çekimserliğe dayanan 23 soruluk bir ankettir. 20 Nisan 2022 ve 20 Mayıs 2022 tarihleri arasında Sakarya Üniversitesi kampüsünde yapılmıştır. Anket, Google Dokümanlar üzerinden QR kod okutarak yüz yüze gerçekleştirilmiştir. Veriler SPSS uygulaması kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Kategorik değişkenler karşılaştırılırken Pearson Ki-kare testi kullanılmıştır. Aşıdan vazgeçme sürecini belirleyen değişkenler Cox regresyon analizi kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Bulgular: Bu çalışmada 1292 öğrenci yer almıştır. Katılımcıların %52.2’si kadınlardan, %36.7’si mühendislik ve ilgili teknik departman- larda öğrenim görenlerden oluşmaktadır. %59.3 COVID-19 ile hiç infekte olmadığını belirtmiştir. %44.8 haberleri sosyal medyadan takip etmektedir. Çoğunluk (%63.3) iki doz aşı olmuştur. Çalışmaya katılan öğrencilerin %65’inin COVID-19 aşısının bir sonraki dozu- nu olmayı düşünmediği görülmüştür. Aşıların uzun süreli olası yan etkileri (%19.1) ve sürekli hatırlatma dozunun gerekliliği (%18.7) düşüncesi bir sonraki dozu olmamak için en sık sebeplerdendir. Sonuç: Yaptığımız çalışmaya göre aşının yeterince korumadığı düşüncesi, hatırlatma dozunu yaptırmada en büyük engel olarak saptan- mıştır. Toplumun her kesimine yönelik medya okuryazarlığı eğitimi, aşılar ile ilgili farkındalık kampanyaları, bilgi doğrulama platformla- rının desteklenmesi ve halk eğitimi; hatırlatma dozlarına karşı çekimserliği aşmak için gereklidir.
Anahtar Kelime: COVID-19 COVID-19 aşısı Çekimserlik Hatırlatma dozu Üniversite öğrencileri

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA KÖSE E, Özer M, Alkurt U, Köksal Ş, Özden F, Ersöz E, POYRAZ F, Yavuzarslan Ç, ÇALIŞKAN S, Özge S, Şakar B, KARABAY O (2023). Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. , 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
Chicago KÖSE Elif,Özer Merve,Alkurt Umut,Köksal Şevval,Özden Fahri,Ersöz Emirhan,POYRAZ Furkan,Yavuzarslan Çağrı,ÇALIŞKAN SERRA,Özge Sevgi,Şakar Berra,KARABAY OĞUZ Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. (2023): 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
MLA KÖSE Elif,Özer Merve,Alkurt Umut,Köksal Şevval,Özden Fahri,Ersöz Emirhan,POYRAZ Furkan,Yavuzarslan Çağrı,ÇALIŞKAN SERRA,Özge Sevgi,Şakar Berra,KARABAY OĞUZ Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. , 2023, ss.383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
AMA KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. . 2023; 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
Vancouver KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. . 2023; 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
IEEE KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O "Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students." , ss.383 - 393, 2023. 10.5578/flora.20239708
ISNAD KÖSE, Elif vd. "Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students". (2023), 383-393. https://doi.org/10.5578/flora.20239708
APA KÖSE E, Özer M, Alkurt U, Köksal Ş, Özden F, Ersöz E, POYRAZ F, Yavuzarslan Ç, ÇALIŞKAN S, Özge S, Şakar B, KARABAY O (2023). Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi, 28(3), 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
Chicago KÖSE Elif,Özer Merve,Alkurt Umut,Köksal Şevval,Özden Fahri,Ersöz Emirhan,POYRAZ Furkan,Yavuzarslan Çağrı,ÇALIŞKAN SERRA,Özge Sevgi,Şakar Berra,KARABAY OĞUZ Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi 28, no.3 (2023): 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
MLA KÖSE Elif,Özer Merve,Alkurt Umut,Köksal Şevval,Özden Fahri,Ersöz Emirhan,POYRAZ Furkan,Yavuzarslan Çağrı,ÇALIŞKAN SERRA,Özge Sevgi,Şakar Berra,KARABAY OĞUZ Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi, vol.28, no.3, 2023, ss.383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
AMA KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi. 2023; 28(3): 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
Vancouver KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students. Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi. 2023; 28(3): 383 - 393. 10.5578/flora.20239708
IEEE KÖSE E,Özer M,Alkurt U,Köksal Ş,Özden F,Ersöz E,POYRAZ F,Yavuzarslan Ç,ÇALIŞKAN S,Özge S,Şakar B,KARABAY O "Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students." Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi, 28, ss.383 - 393, 2023. 10.5578/flora.20239708
ISNAD KÖSE, Elif vd. "Factors Associated with COVID-19 Vaccine Booster Hesitancy Among Sakarya University Students". Flora İnfeksiyon Hastalıkları ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi 28/3 (2023), 383-393. https://doi.org/10.5578/flora.20239708