Yıl: 2013 Cilt: 50 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 147 - 153 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample

Öz:
Amaç: Travma sonrası stres bozukluğuna ilişkin bilişsel yaklaşımlar gün geçtikçe daha fazla kabul görmektedir. Travma sonrası stresle ilişkili olumsuz bilişlerin değerlendirilmesinde kullanılan umut vadeden bir öz değerlendirme ölçeğidir. Yöntem: Bu çalışmada Travma Sonrası Bilişler Envanterinin psikometrik özellikleri 653 klinik olmayan Türk üniversite öğrencisinde değerlendirilmiştir. Örneklem içinde 185 katılımcı geçmişte çeşitli travmatik yaşantıları olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bulgular: Doğrulayıcı faktör analizinde orijinal üç faktörlü yapının hiçbir maddeyi çıkarmadan geçerli olduğu bulunmuştur. Ölçeğin toplam ve alt ölçek puanlarıyla depresyon, anksiyete ve disosiyatif belirtiler arasında yüksek ilişkiler elde edilmiştir. Kendini Suçlama alt ölçeğinin ayırt edici geçerliğinin travma tipine göre değiştiği görülmüştür. Ölçme aracının toplam ve alt ölçekleri için iç tutarlılıklar yüksek ve Kendini Suçlama alt ölçeği dışında alt ölçekler ve toplam puanlar için yeterli kararlılık düzeyleri elde edilmiştir. Kendini suçlama alt ölçeği için tekrarlı ölçümler için hesaplana korelasyon düzeyi çok düşük çıkmıştır. Sonuç: Kişiler arası travmatik yaşantılar bildiren katılımcılar dışında Kendini Suçlama alt ölçeği yeterli düzeyde performans gösterememiştir. Travma Sonrası Bilişler Envanterinin genel olarak klinik olmayan Türk örnekleminde yeterli düzeyde geçerlik ve güvenilirliğe sahip olduğu söylenebilir. (Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, 2013; 50: 147-153)
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Nörolojik Bilimler Psikiyatri

Travma Sonrası Bilişler Envanteri nin (TSBE) Türkçe Formu nun Klinik Olmayan Örneklemde Psikometrik Özellikleri

Öz:
Background: Cognitive theories of posttraumatic stress disorder have increasingly been recognised. The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory is a promising self-report nstrument to assess negative cognitions associated with posttraumatic distress. Method: In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory in 653 non-clinical Turkish college students. 185 participants reported having experienced various types of trauma. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the original three-factor structure without excluding any items. Total and subscale scores of the instrument revealed strong connections with severity of depression, anxiety, and dissociative symptoms. Concurrent validity of the Self-Blame subscale was specific to subtype of trauma. The total and the subscales of the instrument had high internal consistency and adequate temporal stability over a two-week interval with an exception of the Self-Blame subscale. The correlation coefficient between the two applications was extremely low for the subscale. Conclusion: We assume that the Self-Blame subscale fails to perform well among individuals who had experienced an aversive event other than interpersonal trauma. The PTCI revealed adequate reliability and validity in a non- clinical Turkish sample. ( Arc hives of Neuropsychiatry, 2013; 50: 147-153)
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Nörolojik Bilimler Psikiyatri
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Brewin CR, Holmes EA. Psychological theories of posttraumatic stress disorder. Clin Psychol Rev 2003; 23:339-376. Ehlers A, Clark DM. A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behav Res Ther 2000; 38:319-345.
  • Alvarez-Conrad J, Zoellner LA, Foa EB. Linguistic predictors of trauma pathology and physical health. Appl Cogn Psychol 2001; 15:159-170.
  • Bernat JA, Ronfeldt HM, Calhoun KS, Arias I. Prevalence of traumatic events and peritraumatic predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms in a nonclinical sample of college students. J Trauma Stress 1998; 11:645-664.
  • Dunmore E, Clark DM, Ehlers A. Cognitive factors involved in the onset and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after physical or sexual assault. Behav Res Ther 1999; 37:809-829.
  • Zayfert C, Becker CB. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD : a case formulation approach. New York: Guilford Press; 2007.
  • Najavits L. Seeking safety: a treatment manual for PTSD and substance abuse. New York: Guilford Press; 2002.
  • Foa EB, Rothbaum BO. Treating the trauma of rape : cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD. New York: Guilford; 1998.
  • Janoff-Bulman R. Shattered assumptions : towards a new psychology of trauma. New York: Free Press; 1992.
  • Foa EB, Ehlers A, Clark DM, Tolin DF, Orsillo SM. The Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): Development and validation. Psychol Assess 1999; 11:303-314.
  • van Emmerik AA, Schoorl M, Emmelkamp PM, Kamphuis JH. Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the posttraumatic cognitions inventory (PTCI). Behav Res Ther 2006; 44:1053-1065.
  • Julia M, MichèleW, Sirko R, Denise D, ChristineK, Herta F, Andreas M, Anke K. Psychometric Properties of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) n a German Sample of Individuals With a History of Trauma. Psychological Trauma-Theory Research Practice and Policy 2010; 2:116-125.
  • Su YJ, Chen SH. The posttraumatic cognitions inventory-Chinese revised: Validation and refinement with a traumatized college sample in Taiwan. J Anxiety Disord 2008; 22:1110-1119.
  • Daie-Gabai A, Aderka IM, Allon-Schindel I, Foa EB, Gilboa-Schechtman E. Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): Psychometric properties and gender differences in an Israeli sample. J Anxiety Disord. 2011; 25:266-271.
  • Beck JG, Coffey SF, Palyo SA, Gudmundsdottir B, Miller LM, Colder CR. Psychometric properties of the posttraumatic cognitions inventory (PTCI): A replication with motor vehicle accident survivors. Psychol Assess 2004; 16:289-298.
  • Startup M, Makgekgenene L, Webster R. The role of self-blame for trauma as assessed by the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): A self- protective cognition? Behav Res Ther 2007; 45:395-403.
  • Beck AT, Erbaugh J, Ward CH, Mock J, Mendelsohn M. An Inventory for Measuring Depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1961; 4:561-571.
  • Hisli N. The validity and reliability of the Beck Depression Inventory among University students. Turkish Journal of Psychology 1989; 7:3-13.
  • Beck AT, Brown G, Epstein N, Steer RA. An Inventory for Measuring Clinical Anxiety - Psychometric Properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988; 56:893-897.
  • Ulusoy M, Sahin NH, Erkmen H. Turkish version of the beck anxiety inventory: psychometric properties. J Cogn Psychother 1998; 12:163-172.
  • Bernstein EM, Putnam FW. Development, Reliability, and Validity of a Dissociation Scale. J Nerv Ment Dis 1986; 174:727-735.
  • Carlson EB, Putnam FW. An update on the Dissociative Experiences Scale. Dissociation 1993; 6:16-27.
  • Yargic LI, Tutkun H, Sar V. The reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Dissociative Experiences Scale. Dissociation 1995; 8:10–13.
  • Kline RB. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press; 2005.
  • Boysan M, Goldsmith RE, Cavus H, Kayri M, Keskin S. Relations among anxiety, depression, and dissociative symptoms: the influence of abuse subtype. J Trauma Dissociation 2009; 10:83-101.
  • Trickett PK, Noll JG, Reiffman A, Putnam FW. Variants of intrafamilial sexual abuse experience: implications for short- and long-term development. Dev Psychopathol 2001; 13:1001-1019.
  • Vrana S, Lauterbach D. Prevalence of Traumatic Events and Posttraumatic Psychological Symptoms in a Nonclinical Sample of College-Students. J Trauma Stress 1994; 7:289-302.
APA Gulec M, KALAFAT T, BOYSAN M, BARUT Y (2013). Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. , 147 - 153.
Chicago Gulec Mustafa,KALAFAT Temel,BOYSAN MURAT,BARUT YASAR Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. (2013): 147 - 153.
MLA Gulec Mustafa,KALAFAT Temel,BOYSAN MURAT,BARUT YASAR Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. , 2013, ss.147 - 153.
AMA Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. . 2013; 147 - 153.
Vancouver Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. . 2013; 147 - 153.
IEEE Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y "Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample." , ss.147 - 153, 2013.
ISNAD Gulec, Mustafa vd. "Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample". (2013), 147-153.
APA Gulec M, KALAFAT T, BOYSAN M, BARUT Y (2013). Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, 50(2), 147 - 153.
Chicago Gulec Mustafa,KALAFAT Temel,BOYSAN MURAT,BARUT YASAR Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 50, no.2 (2013): 147 - 153.
MLA Gulec Mustafa,KALAFAT Temel,BOYSAN MURAT,BARUT YASAR Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, vol.50, no.2, 2013, ss.147 - 153.
AMA Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi. 2013; 50(2): 147 - 153.
Vancouver Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi. 2013; 50(2): 147 - 153.
IEEE Gulec M,KALAFAT T,BOYSAN M,BARUT Y "Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample." Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, 50, ss.147 - 153, 2013.
ISNAD Gulec, Mustafa vd. "Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI) in a Non-Clinical Sample". Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 50/2 (2013), 147-153.