Yıl: 2015 Cilt: 52 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 36 - 41 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction

Öz:
Amaç: Dissosiyasyon bilinç, bellek, kimlik ve algı gibi fonksiyonlardaki bütünlüğün bozulmasıdır. Dissosiyatif semptomlar kendine ve çevreye karşı yabancılaşma, absorbsiyon ve ammnezi gibi belirtileri içermektedir. Bu deneyimler dikkat ve bellek gibi bilişsel süreçlerin kontrolünün bozulmasına neden olabilmektedir. Literatürde dissosiyasyon ve bilişsel fonksiyonlar arasındaki ilişki açısından çelişkili sonuçlar bildirilmiştir. Bu çalışmada, dissosiyatif yaşantılar, dikkat ve bellek süreçleri arasındaki ilişkilerin klinik olmayan örneklemde incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır Yöntem: Çalışmaya 60 sağlıklı gönüllü hastane çalışanı dahil edilmiştir. Katılımcıla-ra Dissosiyatif Yaşantılar Ölçeği ile beraber Wescher Bellek Ölçeği, Sözel Bellek Süreçleri testi, ve Stroop testi uygulandı. Nöropsikolojik test performansları ve Dissosiyatif Yaşantılar Ölçeği ve alt ölçekleri arasındaki ilişkiler incelendi.Bulgular: Wescher Bellek Ölçeğinde sözel bellek performansı ile Disso-siyatif yaşantılar ölçeği arasında negatif yönde ilişki vardı. Patolojik dissosi-yasyon, özellikle amnezi ve derealizasyon-depersonalizasyon, genel bellek performansı ve uzun süreli bellek arasında ters yönde ilişki bulundu. Ayrı-ca, düşük dissosiyasyon düzeylerine sahip bireylerin yüksek dissosiyasyon düzeylerine sahip bireylere kıyasla sözel bellek, genel bellek performansı, ve uzun süreli bellek puanları daha yüksekti.Sonuç: Çalışmamızın sonuçları dissosiyatif yaşantılar ile bellek bozuklukları arasında bağlantı olabileceğini düşündürmektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Nörolojik Bilimler Psikiyatri

Dissosiyasyon, Dikkat ve Bellek Bozuklukluğu Arasındaki İlişki

Öz:
Introduction: Dissociation is a disruption in the integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, and perception. Dissociative symptoms include derealization/depersonalization, absorption, and amnesia. These experiences can cause a loss of control over mental processes, including memory and attention. In literature, there is a paucity of research concerning the relationships between dissociation and memory performance. In this study, our aim was to investigate the relationships between dissociative experiences, attention, and memory performance in a non-clinical community sample.Methods: In this study, we examined the relationship between dissociation and cognitive dysfunction among 60 healthy volunteers. We administered the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Stroop Color Word Interference Test, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Here we examined the relationships between the subtypes of dissociation and memory performance as assessed by neuropsychological tests.Results: We found that verbal memory was negatively associated with dissociative experiences. Pathological dissociation, particularly amnesia and depersonalization/derealization, was reversely linked to general memory performance and long-term memory. Moreover, low dissociators reported higher scores on verbal memory, general memory performance, and long-term memory but lower scores on recognition than high dissociators. Conclusion: The results of our study suggested that there are significant linkages between dissociative experiences and memory performance.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Nörolojik Bilimler Psikiyatri
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Özdemir O, GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P, BOYSAN M, YILMAZ E (2015). The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. , 36 - 41.
Chicago Özdemir Osman,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR Pınar,BOYSAN MURAT,YILMAZ EKREM The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. (2015): 36 - 41.
MLA Özdemir Osman,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR Pınar,BOYSAN MURAT,YILMAZ EKREM The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. , 2015, ss.36 - 41.
AMA Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. . 2015; 36 - 41.
Vancouver Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. . 2015; 36 - 41.
IEEE Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E "The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction." , ss.36 - 41, 2015.
ISNAD Özdemir, Osman vd. "The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction". (2015), 36-41.
APA Özdemir O, GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P, BOYSAN M, YILMAZ E (2015). The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, 52(1), 36 - 41.
Chicago Özdemir Osman,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR Pınar,BOYSAN MURAT,YILMAZ EKREM The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 52, no.1 (2015): 36 - 41.
MLA Özdemir Osman,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR Pınar,BOYSAN MURAT,YILMAZ EKREM The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, vol.52, no.1, 2015, ss.36 - 41.
AMA Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi. 2015; 52(1): 36 - 41.
Vancouver Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction. Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi. 2015; 52(1): 36 - 41.
IEEE Özdemir O,GÜZEL ÖZDEMİR P,BOYSAN M,YILMAZ E "The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction." Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi, 52, ss.36 - 41, 2015.
ISNAD Özdemir, Osman vd. "The Relationships Between Dissociation, Attention, and Memory Dysfunction". Nöropsikiyatri Arşivi 52/1 (2015), 36-41.