Yıl: 2010 Cilt: 15 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 204 - 209 Metin Dili: İngilizce İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures

Öz:
The hay yields and silage qualities of the mixtures of common vetch and hungarian vetch with rye, barley, wheat, oat and triticale were investigated under Isparta conditions, during the 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 growing seasons. The highest hay yield (9.08 tons $ha^ {-1}$) and crude protein yield (1.11 tons $ha^ {-1}$) were obtained from hungarian vetch+rye mixture. The least NDF and ADF contents (50.11% and 31.92%, respectively) were achieved in common vetch+oat mixtures. Silages from the mixtures of common vetch, barley and oat, and hungarian vetch, barley, oat and wheat were rated very good, and all other vetch and cereal silages were rated good according to fleig scores. All silage combinations, with the exception of common vetch and rye silage, were rated very good based on physical analysis.
Anahtar Kelime: Avena sativa silage oats silage quality triticale Secale cereale wheat crop yield hay crude protein Triticum aestivum rye Hordeum vulgare barley

Konular: Ziraat Mühendisliği
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Açıkgöz, E. 2001. Yem Bitkisi. Uludağ Üniversitesi Güçlendirme Vakfı. Yayın no: 182. VIPAŞ AŞ. Yayın no: 58, 584, s.
  • Akgül, M., and Başayiğit, L. 2005. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Çiftlik arazisinin detaylı toprak etüdü ve haritalanması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi. Fen Bil. Enst. Derg. 9: 54-63.
  • Akyıldız, R. 1984. Yemler Bilgisi Laboratuar Klavuzu. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayın No: 895. Ankara.
  • Altınok, S. 2002. Tüylü fiğ (Vicia villosa L.) ve koca fiğ (Vicia narbonensis L.)’in arpa ile (Hordeum vulgare L.) farklı oranlardaki karışımlarının silaj kalitesine etkileri. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 8: 232-237.
  • Anil, L., Park, J., Phipps, R.H. and Miller, F.A. 1998. Temperate intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK. Grass Forage Science. 53: 301-317.
  • Anonim. 2009. Ankom technology. http://www.ankom.com
  • Bozkurt, Y., and İ. Kaya. 2010. A research based evaluation of the natural grasslands within the aspect of sustainable livestock production systems in highlands of the eastern Turkey. Kafkas Univ Vet Fakültesi Dergisi. 16 (6): 1045-1049.
  • Caballero, R. and Goicoechea, E.L. 1986. Utilization of winter cereals as companion crops for common vetch and hairy vetch. In: Proceedings of the 11th General Meeting of the European Grass. Fed. pp. 379-384.
  • Chapko, L.B., Brinkman, M.A. and Albrecht, K.A. 1991. Oat, oatpea, barley, and barley-pea for forage yield, forage quality, and alfalfa establishment. Journal of Productive Agriculture. 4:486-491.
  • Collins, M., Brinkman, M.A. and Salman, A.A. 1990. Forage yield and quality of oat cultivars with increasing rates of nitrogen fertilization. Agronomy Journal. 82:724-728.
  • Çelik, N. and Bulur, V. 1996. Tahılların yem olarak kullanımı ve gelecekteki potansiyeli. Türkiye 3. Çayır-Mera Yembitkileri Kongresi, 513-519, 17-19 Haziran, Erzurum, Türkiye.
  • DePeters, E. J., Medrano, J.F. and Bath, D.L. 1989. A Nutritional Evaluation of Mixed Winter Cereals with Vetch Utilized as Silage or Hay. 1989. Journal of Dairy Science. 72:3247-3254.
  • Edmisten, K.L., Green, J.T., Mueller, J.P. and Burns, J.C. 1998. Winter annual small grain forage potential: II. Quantification of Nutritive characteristics of four small grain species at six growth stages. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 29:881-899.
  • Kacar, B. and İnal, A. 2008. Bitki Analizleri. Nobel Yayınları. No:1241, Ankara, 892, s.
  • Kılıç, A. 1986. Silo Yemi (Öğretim Öğrenim ve Uygulama Önerieiri). Bilgihan Basımevi, İzmir, 350, s.
  • Lauriault, L.M. and Kirksey, R.E. 2004. Yield and Nutritive Value of Irrigated Winter Cereal Forage Grass–Legume Intercrops in the Southern High Plains, USA. Agronomy Journal. 96:352- 358.
  • Lithourgidis, A.S., Vasilakoglou, I.B., Dhima, K.V., Dordas, C.A. & Yiakoulaki, M.D. 2006. Forage yield and quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios. Field Crops Researches. 99: 106-113.
  • Mustafa, A.F. and Seguin, P. 2004. Chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of whole-crop pea and pea–cereal mixture silages grown in South-Western Quebec. J. Agronomy & Crop Science. 190: 416-421.
  • Mustafa, A.F., Christensen, D.A. and McKinnon, J.J. 2000. Effects of pea, barley, and alfalfa silage on ruminal nutrient degradability and performance of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 83:2859-2865.
  • Papastylianou, I. 1990. Response of pure stands and mixtures of cereals and legumes to nitrogen fertilization and residual effects on subsequent barley. Journal of Agricicutural Science. 115: 15-22.
  • SAS Institute. 1998. INC SAS/STAT users’ guide release 7.0; STATS Publishing Inc.: Cary, NC, USA.
  • Thompson, D.J., Stout, D.G. and Moore, T. 1992. Forage production by four annual cropping sequences emphasizing barley irrigation in southern interior British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 72: 181-185.
  • Tuna, C., and A. Orak. 2007. The role of intercropping on yield potential of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.)/oat (Avena sativa L.) cultivated in pure stand and mixtures. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 2(2): 14-19.
  • Yolcu, H., Polat, M. and Aksakal, V. 2009. Morphologic yield and quality parameters of some annual forages as sole crops and intercropping mixtures in dry conditions for livestock. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment. 7: 594-599.
APA balabanlı c, albayrak s, Türk M, YÜKSEL O (2010). A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. , 204 - 209.
Chicago balabanlı cahit,albayrak sebahattin,Türk Mevlüt,YÜKSEL OSMAN A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. (2010): 204 - 209.
MLA balabanlı cahit,albayrak sebahattin,Türk Mevlüt,YÜKSEL OSMAN A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. , 2010, ss.204 - 209.
AMA balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. . 2010; 204 - 209.
Vancouver balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. . 2010; 204 - 209.
IEEE balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O "A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures." , ss.204 - 209, 2010.
ISNAD balabanlı, cahit vd. "A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures". (2010), 204-209.
APA balabanlı c, albayrak s, Türk M, YÜKSEL O (2010). A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15(2), 204 - 209.
Chicago balabanlı cahit,albayrak sebahattin,Türk Mevlüt,YÜKSEL OSMAN A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 15, no.2 (2010): 204 - 209.
MLA balabanlı cahit,albayrak sebahattin,Türk Mevlüt,YÜKSEL OSMAN A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, vol.15, no.2, 2010, ss.204 - 209.
AMA balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 2010; 15(2): 204 - 209.
Vancouver balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 2010; 15(2): 204 - 209.
IEEE balabanlı c,albayrak s,Türk M,YÜKSEL O "A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures." Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15, ss.204 - 209, 2010.
ISNAD balabanlı, cahit vd. "A research on determination of hay yields and silage qualities of some vetch+cereal mixtures". Turkish Journal of Field Crops 15/2 (2010), 204-209.