Yıl: 2022 Cilt: 9 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 172 - 179 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046 İndeks Tarihi: 10-10-2022

Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?

Öz:
Objective: The objective of this research is to examine the relationship between Mediterranean diet pattern, depression, and sleep quality. Materials and Methods: Mediterranean diet adherence score, Beck depression inventory, and Pittsburgh sleep quality index have been applied to volunteering participants (n=250) to examine their adherence to the Mediterranean diet, sleep quality, depression status, and the correlations between these variables have been analysed. Results: Those following the Mediterranean diet pattern at a high level were found to have significantly higher sleep quality and less depression symptoms than those following this diet pattern at poor and moderate level (p<0.001). The Mediterranean diet pattern was found to be positively correlated with sleep quality and negatively correlated with BMI and depression symptoms (r=-0.349, p<0.01, r=-0.135, p<0.05, r=- 0.294, p<0.01). Low levels of depression were found to be associated with more daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, olive oil, less consumption of red meat, sugary/carbonated beverages, and sweet/pastry products, and consumption of sauce types with olive oil/tomato/garlic and olive oil being the most frequently consumed oil types (r=-0.140, r=-0.156, r=-0.169, r=-0.236, r=-0.160, r=-0.160, r=-130, r=-0.184, p<0.05). Daily consumption of vegetables, fruits, olive oil, reduced consumption of red meat and sweet/bakery products, weekly consumption of hazelnuts/ pistachios/almonds/walnuts, and olive oil being the most frequently consumed type of oil are associated with good sleep quality (r=-0.202, r=-0.173, r=-0.244, r=-0.149, r=-0.191, r=-0.171, r=-0.225, p<0.05). Conclusion: Mediterranean diet pattern can be integrated into strategies of sleep quality and mental health improvement, as it has been associated with good sleep quality and lower depression levels.
Anahtar Kelime:

Diyet, Uyku ve Depresyon: Akdeniz Diyetine Uyum Önemli mi?

Öz:
Amaç: Bu çalışmada Akdeniz diyeti paterni, depresyon durumu ve uyku kalitesi arasındaki ilişkinin saptanması amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Rastgele örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilmiş gönüllülere (n=250) Akdeniz diyeti bağlılık ölçeği, Beck depresyon envanteri ve Pittsburgh uyku kalitesi indeksi uygulanarak Akdeniz diyeti paternini sergileme durumu, uyku kalitesi ve depresyon durumu saptanmış ve aralarındaki korelasyon değerlendirilmiştir. Bulgular: Akdeniz diyeti paternini iyi düzeyde sergileyenlerin kötü ve orta düzeyde sergileyenlere göre uyku kalitesi anlamlı şekilde daha yüksek ve depresyon belirtileri daha az bulundu (p<0,001). Akdeniz diyeti paterni uyku kalitesi ile pozitif, beden kitle indeksi ve depresyon durumu ile negatif yönde anlamlı derecede ilişkili idi (r=-0,349, p<0,01, r=-0,135, p<0,05, r=-0,294, p<0,01). Günlük sebze, meyve, zeytinyağı tüketimi, azaltılmış kırmızı et, şekerli/gazlı içecekler tüketimi ve tatlı/ pastane ürünler tüketimi, zeytinyağlı/domatesli/sarımsaklı sos tüketimi ve en çok kullanılan yağ türünün zeytinyağı olması ile düşük depresyon seviyeleri ilişkili bulundu (r=-0,140, r=-0,156, r=-0,169, r=-0,236, r=- 0,160, r=-0,160, r=-130, r=-0,184, p<0,05). Günlük sebze, meyve, zeytinyağı tüketimi, azaltılmış kırmızı et ve tatlı/pastane ürünler tüketimi, haftalık fındık/fıstık/badem/ceviz tüketimi ve en çok kullanılan yağ türünün zeytinyağı olması iyi uyku kalitesi ile ilişkili idi (r=-0,202, r=- 0,173, r=-0,244, r=-0,149, r=-0,191, r=-0,171, r=-0,225, p<0,05). Sonuç: Akdeniz diyeti paterni, iyi uyku kalitesi ve daha düşük depresyon durumu ile ilişkili bulunduğundan, uyku kalitesi ve mental sağlığı geliştirmeye yönelik stratejilere entegre edilebilir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA BAKIRHAN H, Pehlivan M, Ozyurek Arpa F, ÖZKAYA V, Yousefirad Saleki N (2022). Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. , 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
Chicago BAKIRHAN HANDE,Pehlivan Merve,Ozyurek Arpa Fatmanur,ÖZKAYA Volkan,Yousefirad Saleki Neda Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. (2022): 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
MLA BAKIRHAN HANDE,Pehlivan Merve,Ozyurek Arpa Fatmanur,ÖZKAYA Volkan,Yousefirad Saleki Neda Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. , 2022, ss.172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
AMA BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. . 2022; 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
Vancouver BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. . 2022; 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
IEEE BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N "Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?." , ss.172 - 179, 2022. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
ISNAD BAKIRHAN, HANDE vd. "Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?". (2022), 172-179. https://doi.org/10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
APA BAKIRHAN H, Pehlivan M, Ozyurek Arpa F, ÖZKAYA V, Yousefirad Saleki N (2022). Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, 9(2), 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
Chicago BAKIRHAN HANDE,Pehlivan Merve,Ozyurek Arpa Fatmanur,ÖZKAYA Volkan,Yousefirad Saleki Neda Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi 9, no.2 (2022): 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
MLA BAKIRHAN HANDE,Pehlivan Merve,Ozyurek Arpa Fatmanur,ÖZKAYA Volkan,Yousefirad Saleki Neda Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, vol.9, no.2, 2022, ss.172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
AMA BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi. 2022; 9(2): 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
Vancouver BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi. 2022; 9(2): 172 - 179. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
IEEE BAKIRHAN H,Pehlivan M,Ozyurek Arpa F,ÖZKAYA V,Yousefirad Saleki N "Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?." Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, 9, ss.172 - 179, 2022. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046
ISNAD BAKIRHAN, HANDE vd. "Diet, Sleep and Depression: Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Matter?". Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi 9/2 (2022), 172-179. https://doi.org/10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2022.15046