Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 58 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 631 - 642 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089 İndeks Tarihi: 16-05-2023

Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis

Öz:
Until 2019, tuberculosis ranked first among deaths due to a single infectious agent. In 2021, 50% of deaths due to tuberculosis occurred in African countries. Alcohol use, smoking, and high fasting plasma glucose are risk factors for tuberculosis-related deaths. This study examined the impact of risk factors on tuberculosis-related mortality in Sub-Saharan African countries. Panel data analysis was conducted in the study. The number of deaths due to tuberculosis was used as the dependent variable, while risk factors for tuberculosis deaths were used as independent variables. In the long term, when the number of people drinking alcohol, smoking, and having high fasting plasma glucose rises by 1%, the number of people dying from tuberculosis increases by 0.02%, 0.22%, and 0.66%, respectively. In the short term, when the number of people smoking and high fasting plasma glucose increases rises by 1%, the number of people dying from tuberculosis increases by 0.41% and 0.50% respectively. In this study, the relationship between tuberculosis-related deaths and alcohol use, smoking, and high fasting plasma glucose as risk factors is shown statistically. The more risk factors can be controlled, the less death from tuberculosis will occur in Sub-Saharan African countries.
Anahtar Kelime: Risk factors alcohol use tobacco use high fasting plasma glucose panel data

Sahra-Altı Afrika Ülkelerinde Tüberküloz Ölümlerine Neden Olan Risk Faktörleri: Panel Veri Analizi

Öz:
Tüberküloz, 2019 yılına kadar tek bulaşıcı ajana bağlı ölümler arasında ilk sırada ye almıştır. 2021 yılında tüberküloza bağlı ölümlerin %50'si Afrika ülkelerinde meydana gelmiştir. Alkol kullanımı, sigara kullanımı ve yüksek açlık plazma glukozu tüberküloz ilişkili ölümler için risk faktörleridir. Bu çalışmada, Sahra Altı Afrika ülkelerinde risk faktörlerinin tüberküloza bağlı ölümler üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir. Çalışma panel veri analizi ile yapılmıştır. Bağımlı değişken olarak tüberküloz nedeniyle ölüm sayısı kullanılırken, bağımsız değişkenler olarak tüberküloz ölümleri için risk faktörleri kullanılmıştır. Uzun dönemde, alkol kullanan, sigara içen ve açlık plazma glukozu yüksek olan kişi sayısı %1 arttığında, tüberkülozdan ölen kişi sayısı sırasıyla %0,02, %0,22 ve %0,66 artmaktadır. Kısa dönemde, sigara içen ve açlık plazma glukozu yüksek olan kişi sayısı %1 arttığında, tüberkülozdan ölen kişi sayısı sırasıyla %0,41 ve %0,50 artmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, tüberküloza bağlı ölümler ile risk faktörleri olarak alkol kullanımı, sigara kullanımı ve yüksek açlık plazma glukozu arasındaki ilişki istatistiksel olarak gösterilmiştir. Risk faktörleri ne kadar kontrol altına alınabilirse, Sahra Altı Afrika ülkelerinde tüberkülozdan ölümler o kadar azalacaktır.
Anahtar Kelime: Risk faktörleri alkol kullanımı tütün kullanımı yüksek açlık plazma glukozu panel veri

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA DİNÇER M, akinci ozyurek b, Köse N (2023). Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. , 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
Chicago DİNÇER Metin,akinci ozyurek berna,Köse Nezir Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. (2023): 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
MLA DİNÇER Metin,akinci ozyurek berna,Köse Nezir Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. , 2023, ss.631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
AMA DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. . 2023; 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
Vancouver DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. . 2023; 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
IEEE DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N "Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis." , ss.631 - 642, 2023. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
ISNAD DİNÇER, Metin vd. "Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis". (2023), 631-642. https://doi.org/10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
APA DİNÇER M, akinci ozyurek b, Köse N (2023). Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi, 58(1), 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
Chicago DİNÇER Metin,akinci ozyurek berna,Köse Nezir Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi 58, no.1 (2023): 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
MLA DİNÇER Metin,akinci ozyurek berna,Köse Nezir Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi, vol.58, no.1, 2023, ss.631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
AMA DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi. 2023; 58(1): 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
Vancouver DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi. 2023; 58(1): 631 - 642. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
IEEE DİNÇER M,akinci ozyurek b,Köse N "Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis." Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi, 58, ss.631 - 642, 2023. 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089
ISNAD DİNÇER, Metin vd. "Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Mortality in Sub-Saharan African Countries: A Panel Data Analysis". Üçüncü Sektör Sosyal Ekonomi 58/1 (2023), 631-642. https://doi.org/10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.23.03.2089