Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 71 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 24 - 33 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.5578/tt.20239904 İndeks Tarihi: 30-05-2023

Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab

Öz:
Introduction: Omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal anti-IgE antibody, has largely demonstrated its efficacy in severe allergic asthma. There are limited data about the effectiveness of omalizumab in patients with non-atopic severe persistent asthma. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of omalizu- mab in patients with non-atopic severe asthma and compare the data obtai- ned with those in patients with allergic severe asthma. Materials and Methods: This study was an observational, retrospective, terti- ary single-center study that assessed and compared the clinical outcome of adult patients with severe asthma (165 atopic and 41 non-atopic) who have been on omalizumab for one year or longer between January 2008 and January 2020. Effectiveness was assessed by considering symptom scores (GINA symptom control score), daily systemic corticosteroids (SCS) dosage, blood eosinophil counts, pulmonary function, and number of severe exacer- bations and hospitalizations within the last one year. Results: Omalizumab exhibited significant improvement in the clinical status of non-atopic asthma patients as measured by GINA symptom score [decrea- sed from 3.77 ± 0.63 to 1.36 ± 1.27 (p< 0.001)], the number of emergency room visits for asthma [decreased from 11.25 ± 14.69 to 0.25 ± 0.55 (p< 0.001)], and the number of hospitalizations [decreased from 1.17 ± 2.87 to 0.14 ± 0.36 (p= 0.036)]. These results were not significantly different from those obtained in allergic asthma patients. FEV1 improved significantly from 2.08 ± 0.86 to 2.14 ± 0.84 (p= 0.041) and oral corticosteroid doses decrea- sed significantly from 1.67 ± 7.49 to 0.46 ± 2.74 (p= 0.015) in the only atopic group. Conclusion: Omalizumab, which is a proven and effective treatment option for allergic asthma, may also be an efficacious alternative option in non-atopic severe asthma.
Anahtar Kelime:

Omalizumab atopik olmayan ağır astımda alternatif bir tedavi olabilir mi? Omalizumab ile gerçek yaşam deneyimi

Öz:
Giriş: Humanize monoklonal bir anti-IgE antikoru olan omalizumab, ağır alerjik astımda etkinliğini büyük ölçüde göstermiştir. Non atopik ağır astımı olan hastalarda omalizumabın etkinliğiyle ilgili sınırlı veri vardır. Bu çalışmada non atopik ağır astımda omalizuma- bın etkisini belirlemeyi ve alerjik astımlı olgularla karşılaştırmayı amaçladık. Materyal ve Metod: Bu retrospektif gözlemsel çalışmada üçüncü basamak tedavi merkezinde Ocak 2008 ile Ocak 2020 arasında bir yıl veya daha uzun süredir omalizumab kullanan ağır astımlı (165 alerjik ve 41 atopik olmayan) erişkin hastaların klinik sonuçları değerlendirildi. Etkinlik; GINA semptom skoru, günlük sistemik kortikosteroid (SK) dozu, kan eozinofil sayıları, akciğer fonksiyonu ve son bir yıldaki ciddi alevlenmeler ve hastaneye yatış sayısıyla değerlendirildi. Bulgular: Omalizumab ile non-atopik astım hastalarında GINA semptom skoru 3,77 ± 0,63’ten 1,36 ± 1,27’ye (p< 0,001), astım için acil servis ziyaret sayısı 11,25 ± 14,69’dan 0,25 ± 0,55’e (p< 0,001), yıllık hastaneye yatış sayısı 1,17 ± 2,87’den 0,14 ± 0,36’ya (p= 0,036) gerilemiştir. Bu sonuçlar alerjik astımlı hastalar ile benzerdi, iki grup arası fark istatistiksel olarak anlamlı değildi. Alerjik astımlı grupta farklı olarak FEV1 2,08 ± 0,86 lt’den 2,14 ± 0,84 lt’ye yükseldi (p= 0,041) ve oral kortikosteroid dozları anlamlı olarak 1,67 ± 7,49 mg’dan 0,46 ± 2,74 mg’a geriledi (p= 0,015). Sonuç: Alerjik astımda kanıtlanmış ve etkin bir tedavi seçeneği olan omalizumab, non-atopik ağır astımda da etkili bir alternatif ola- bilir.
Anahtar Kelime:

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APA Ediger D, Günaydın F, Erbay M, Pekbak G (2023). Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. , 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
Chicago Ediger Dane,Günaydın Fatma Esra,Erbay Müge,Pekbak Gülseren Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. (2023): 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
MLA Ediger Dane,Günaydın Fatma Esra,Erbay Müge,Pekbak Gülseren Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. , 2023, ss.24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
AMA Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. . 2023; 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
Vancouver Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. . 2023; 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
IEEE Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G "Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab." , ss.24 - 33, 2023. 10.5578/tt.20239904
ISNAD Ediger, Dane vd. "Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab". (2023), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.5578/tt.20239904
APA Ediger D, Günaydın F, Erbay M, Pekbak G (2023). Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. Tüberküloz ve Toraks, 71(1), 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
Chicago Ediger Dane,Günaydın Fatma Esra,Erbay Müge,Pekbak Gülseren Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. Tüberküloz ve Toraks 71, no.1 (2023): 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
MLA Ediger Dane,Günaydın Fatma Esra,Erbay Müge,Pekbak Gülseren Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. Tüberküloz ve Toraks, vol.71, no.1, 2023, ss.24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
AMA Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. Tüberküloz ve Toraks. 2023; 71(1): 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
Vancouver Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab. Tüberküloz ve Toraks. 2023; 71(1): 24 - 33. 10.5578/tt.20239904
IEEE Ediger D,Günaydın F,Erbay M,Pekbak G "Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab." Tüberküloz ve Toraks, 71, ss.24 - 33, 2023. 10.5578/tt.20239904
ISNAD Ediger, Dane vd. "Can omalizumab be an alternative treatment for non-atopic severe asthma? A real-life experience with omalizumab". Tüberküloz ve Toraks 71/1 (2023), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.5578/tt.20239904