Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 3 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 64 - 71 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133 İndeks Tarihi: 04-07-2023

Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines

Öz:
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the attitudes of parents living in rural and urban areas towards childhood vaccinations using the health belief model. Method: The study is of descriptive comparative research type. The study was carried out interviews with parents between June and September 2021. A total of 254 parents, 153 from the urban area and 101 from the rural area, participated. In the study, descriptive questionnaire, vaccine-related community attitude- health belief model scale were used as data collection tools. Descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation analysis, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test were used in the analysis of the data. Results: The total score of vaccine-related community attitude-health belief model scale was found to be 87.63±9.84 for parents in urban areas and 89±6.44 for parents in rural areas. Perceived sensitivity, perceived importance/seriousness, perceived benefit, health responsibility sub-dimensions were higher, and perceived disability sub-dimension scores were found to be lower in those who thought that childhood vaccinations were necessary and had them done (p<0.05). It was determined that 97% of parents living in rural areas and 92.2% of parents living in urban areas had the vaccines included in the childhood vaccination calendar. 67.3% of parents living in rural areas stated that “vaccination is a legal obligation and every newborn baby/child should be vaccinated compulsory”. Conclusion: It has been observed that the mean scores of parents’ vaccination attitude in both urban and rural areas are at a moderate level.
Anahtar Kelime:

Kütahya İlinde Kırsal ve Kentsel Bölgede Yaşayan Ebeveynlerin Çocukluk Çağı Aşılarına Yönelik Tutumları

Öz:
Amaç: Çalışmanın amacı Kütahya ilinde kırsal ve kentsel bölgede yaşayan ebeveynlerin sağlık inanç modeli kullanılarak çocukluk çağı aşılarına yönelik tutumlarının araştırılmasıdır. Yöntem: Çalışma betimsel karşılaştırmalı araştırma türündedir. Çalışma, Haziran-Eylül 2021 tarihleri arasında velilerle görüşmelerle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Kentsel bölgeden 153, kırsal bölgeden 101 olmak üzere toplam 254 ebeveyn katılmıştır. Çalışmada veri toplama araçları olarak araştırmacılar tarafından hazırlanıp geliştirilen tanımlayıcı anket formu ve aşıyla ilgili toplum tutumu-sağlık inanç modeli ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, Spearman korelasyon analizi, Kruskal-Wallis testi, Mann-Whitney U testi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Aşıyla ilgili toplum tutumu-sağlık inanç modeli ölçeği toplam puanı kentsel bölgedeki ebeveynlerin 87,63±9,84, kırsal bölgedeki ebeveynlerin ise 89±6,44 bulunmuştur. Çalışmaya katılan ebeveynlerin yaş ortalaması 34,83+9,14 bulunmuştur. Çocukluk çağı aşılarının gerekli olduğunu düşünenlerin ve yaptıranların algılanan duyarlılık, algılanan önem/ciddiyet, algılanan yarar, sağlık sorumluluğu alt boyutları daha yüksek, algılanan engel alt boyutu puanları daha düşük bulunmuştur (p<0,05). Çocukluk çağı aşı takviminde yer alan aşıları kırsal bölgede yaşayan ebeveynlerin %97’sinin kentsel bölgede yaşayan ebeveynlerin ise %92,2’sinin yaptırdığı tespit edilmiştir. Kırsalda yaşayan ebeveynlerin %67,3’ü “aşı uygulamasının yasal zorunluluk olması ve doğan her bebek/çocuğa zorunlu olarak aşı yapılması gerektiğini” ifade etmişlerdir. Sonuç: Hem kentsel hem de kırsal bölgedeki ebeveynlerin aşı tutumu puan ortalamalarının orta düzeyde olduğu görülmüştür.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Bostan Akmeşe N, ARIK B (2023). Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. , 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
Chicago Bostan Akmeşe Nalan,ARIK BUŞRA Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. (2023): 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
MLA Bostan Akmeşe Nalan,ARIK BUŞRA Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. , 2023, ss.64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
AMA Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. . 2023; 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
Vancouver Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. . 2023; 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
IEEE Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B "Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines." , ss.64 - 71, 2023. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
ISNAD Bostan Akmeşe, Nalan - ARIK, BUŞRA. "Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines". (2023), 64-71. https://doi.org/10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
APA Bostan Akmeşe N, ARIK B (2023). Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online), 3(2), 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
Chicago Bostan Akmeşe Nalan,ARIK BUŞRA Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online) 3, no.2 (2023): 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
MLA Bostan Akmeşe Nalan,ARIK BUŞRA Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online), vol.3, no.2, 2023, ss.64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
AMA Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online). 2023; 3(2): 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
Vancouver Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines. Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online). 2023; 3(2): 64 - 71. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
IEEE Bostan Akmeşe N,ARIK B "Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines." Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online), 3, ss.64 - 71, 2023. 10.4274/MNM.2023.22133
ISNAD Bostan Akmeşe, Nalan - ARIK, BUŞRA. "Attitudes of Parents Living in Rural and Urban Areas in Kütahya Province Towards Childhood Vaccines". Mediterranean nursing and midwifery (Online) 3/2 (2023), 64-71. https://doi.org/10.4274/MNM.2023.22133