Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 240 - 254 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847 İndeks Tarihi: 10-07-2023

A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory

Öz:
There has been a controversy on whether hunger strikes and self-immolations in prisons are rationally adopted reactions or consequences of mental disorders that prisoners commonly develop. Neurobiological and evolutionary researches and experiments on self-sacrifice may explain sacrificial behavior to some extent, as they lack ideational and political perspectives. The reasons for sacrificial behavior have been interpreted (correctly, yet not thoroughly) by medical practitioners for prevention. Such self-sacrificing behavior must not be confused with suicidal behavior, which is also prevailing in prisons. Self-sacrifice in prison may imply a method of political participation, and not a result of a prisoner's mental illness related to serotonergic dysregulation or any other psychopathology, but a reasonable response to difficult situations and injustices. Group identification, ideology, historical affirmation, and martyr mythology are the reasons for adopting / disregarding self-sacrifice and determining the severity of self-sacrificing behavior. This paper attempts to address this dilemma, suggesting there is an inextricable relation between social psychology, ideology and historical heritage in explaining self-sacrificial behavior. To this end, the theories of normative and rational uses of violence to self-sacrifice will be adapted and hybrid motive behind hunger strikes will be sought. Then, the connection of Identity Fusion Theory, which sheds light on extreme pro-group behaviors, and self-sacrifice behavior will be discussed.
Anahtar Kelime: Prison Self-Sacrifice Hunger Strike Identity Fusion Violence

Açlık grevinin disiplinler arası açıklamasına kuramsal bir öneri: kimlik füzyonu teorisini yeniden düşünmek

Öz:
Hapishanelerdeki açlık grevlerinin ve kendini yakmanın rasyonel olarak benimsenen tepkiler mi yoksa mahkumların yaygın olarak geliştirdiği ruhsal bozuklukların sonuçları mı olduğu konusunda bir tartışma var. Öz-feda üzerine nörobiyolojik ve evrimsel araştırmalar ve deneyler, düşünsel ve politik bakış açılarından yoksun oldukları için öz-feda davranışını bir dereceye kadar açıklayabilir. Öz-feda davranışın nedenleri, intiharı önleme amacıyla tıp doktorları tarafından yorumlanmıştır. Bu tür öz-feda davranışları, cezaevlerinde de görülen intihar davranışıyla karıştırılmamalıdır. Hapishanede kendini feda etme, bir siyasi katılım yöntemi anlamına gelebilir ve bir mahkûmun serotenerjik disregülasyon veya başka herhangi bir psikopatolojiyle ilgili akıl hastalığının bir sonucu değil, zor durumlara ve adaletsizliklere makul bir tepki olabilir. Grup özdeşleşmesi, ideoloji, tarihsel olumlama ve şehit miti fedakarlığın benimsenmesi/yok sayılması ve fedakârlık davranışının ciddiyetinin belirlenmesindeki nedenlerdir. Bu makale, kendini feda etme davranışını açıklamada sosyal psikoloji, ideoloji ve tarihsel miras arasında ayrılmaz bir ilişki olduğunu ileri sürerek bu ikilemi ele almaya çalışmaktadır. Bu amaçla, normatif ve rasyonel şiddet kullanım teorilerini fedakarlığa uyarlayanak ve açlık grevlerinin ardındaki melez saikleri aranacaktır. Ardından aşırı grup yanlısı davranışlara ışık tutan Kimlik Füzyon Teorisi ile özverili davranış arasındaki bağlantı tartışılacaktır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Derleme Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA PARLAK C (2023). A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. , 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
Chicago PARLAK CANSU A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. (2023): 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
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ISNAD PARLAK, CANSU. "A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory". (2023), 240-254. https://doi.org/10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
APA PARLAK C (2023). A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online), 16(1), 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
Chicago PARLAK CANSU A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online) 16, no.1 (2023): 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
MLA PARLAK CANSU A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online), vol.16, no.1, 2023, ss.240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
AMA PARLAK C A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online). 2023; 16(1): 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
Vancouver PARLAK C A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory. Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online). 2023; 16(1): 240 - 254. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
IEEE PARLAK C "A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory." Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online), 16, ss.240 - 254, 2023. 10.17218/hititsbd.1265847
ISNAD PARLAK, CANSU. "A theoretical suggestion to interdisciplinary explanation of hunger strike: re-thinking the identity fusion theory". Hitit Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi (Online) 16/1 (2023), 240-254. https://doi.org/10.17218/hititsbd.1265847