Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 10 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 77 - 80 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093 İndeks Tarihi: 20-07-2023

How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale

Öz:
Objective: The identification of parental reactions toward stuttering is significant in the assessment and intervention process of fluency disorders. Despite a growing body of research including parents of children who stutter, there is still a lack of instruments that assess parental reactions. This study aims to adapt the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale into Turkish to make it available for use among clinicians including speech and language therapists, psychiatrists, and allied health professionals working with children who stutter. Methods: The sample included 49 mothers and 51 fathers (100 in total) who had children who stutter. The mean age values of mothers and fathers were 35.14 (standard deviation = 5.33) and 38.64 (standard deviation = 5.50) years, and their children who stutter were 67.46 months (standard deviation = 16.91). In the adap- tation process of Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale, various validity and reliability analyses were conducted. The data were analyzed through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Results: The findings showed that the reactions in the emotional domain were significantly greater among mothers than fathers (P < .05). There was a positive and significant correlation between domain and total scale scores (P < .001 for all domains). The Cronbach alpha and test–retest reliability values of the total scale demonstrated excellent reliability. Conclusion: The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the scale show that it is linguistically and culturally appropriate to be used within clinical practice.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
  • 1. Beilby JM, Byrnes ML, Young KN. The experiences of living with a sibling who stutters: a preliminary study. J Fluency Disord. 2012;37(2):135-148. [CrossRef]
  • 2. Conture EG, Kelly EM, Walden TA. Temperament, speech and language: an overview [speech]. J Commun Disord. 2013;46(2):125-142. [CrossRef]
  • 3. Manning WH, DiLollo A. Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorders. Plural Publishing; San Diego, CA, USA. 2018.
  • 4. Abalı O, Beşikçi H, Kınalı G, Tüzün ÜD. An evaluation of psychiatric symp- toms among mothers and fathers with children and adolescents who stutter. Düşünen Adam. 2003;16:144-146. Available at: https ://du sunen adamd ergis i.org /arti cle/7 62.
  • 5. Costelloe S, Davis S, Cavenagh P. Parental beliefs about stammering and experiences of the therapy process: an on-line survey in conjunction with the British Stammering Association. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2015;193:82- 91. [CrossRef]
  • 6. Erickson S, Block S. The social and communication impact of stuttering on adolescents and their families. J Fluency Disord. 2013;38(4):311-324. [CrossRef]
  • 7. Langevin M, Packman A, Onslow M. Parent perceptions of the impact of stuttering on their preschoolers and themselves. J Commun Disord. 2010;43(5):407-423. [CrossRef]
  • 8. Rocha M, Yaruss JS, Rato JR. Stuttering impact: a shared perception for parents and children? Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2020;72(6):478-486. [CrossRef]
  • 9. Zenner AA, Ritterman SI, Bowen SK, Gronhovd KD. Measurement and comparison of anxiety levels of parents of stuttering, articulatory defec- tive, and normal-speaking children. J Fluency Disord. 1978;3(4):273-283. [CrossRef]
  • 10. Cook S, Howell P. Children’s and parents’ perspectives about the psycho- social impact of stuttering and stuttering-related bullying. In: Louis K.O. St., ed. Stuttering Meets Stereotype, Stigma, and Discrimination. An Over- view of Attitude Research. West Virginia University Press; 2015:274-284.
  • 11. Lau SR, Beilby JM, Byrnes ML, Hennessey NW. Parenting styles and attach- ment in school-aged children who stutter. J Commun Disord. 2012;45(2):98- 110. [CrossRef]
  • 12. Hughes CD, Gabel RM, Goberman AM, Hughes S. Family experiences of people who stutter. Can J Speech Lang Pathol Audiol. 2011;35:45-55. Avail- able at: https ://ww w.cjs lpa.c a/dow nload .php? file= /2011 _CJSL PA_Vo l_35/ No_01 _1-10 2/hug hes_gabel_ gober man_h ughes _CJSL PA_20 11.pd f.
  • 13. Simić-Ruzić B, Jovanović AA. Family characteristics of stuttering children. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2008;136(11-12):629-634. [CrossRef]
  • 14. Bodur S, Torun YT, Gül H, et al. Parental attitudes in children with persis- tent developmental stuttering: a case-control study. Arch Clin Psychiatry (São Paulo). 2019;46(4):103-106. [CrossRef]
  • 15. Yaşar Ö, Vural-Batık M, ÖzdemirŞ. Investigating resilience, perceived social support and trait anxiety levels of mothers of school-age children who stutter. CoDAS. 2020;32(2):e20190093. [CrossRef]
  • 16. Plexico LW, Burrus E. Coping with a child who stutters: a phenomenologi- cal analysis. J Fluency Disord. 2012;37(4):275-288. [CrossRef]
  • 17. Humeniuk E, Tarkowski Z. Parents’ reactions to children’s stuttering and style of coping with stress. J Fluency Disord. 2016;49:51-60. [CrossRef]
  • 18. Salehpoor A, Latifi Z, Tohidast SA. Evaluating parents’ reactions to chil- dren’s stuttering using a Persian version of reaction to Speech Disfluency Scale. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. Persian version. 2020;134:110076. [CrossRef]
  • 19. Guitar G.Stuttering: an Integrated Approach to Its Nature and Treatment. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013.
  • 20. World Health Organization. Process of translation and adaptation of instruments [WHO Web site]. Available at: https ://ww w.who.int/ subst ance_ abuse /rese arch_ tools /tran slati on/en /. Accessed 29 November 2020; 2018.
  • 21. Goodhue R, Onslow M, Quine S, O’Brian S, Hearne A. The Lidcombe pro- gram of early stuttering intervention: mothers’ experiences. J Fluency Disord. 2010;35(1):70-84. [CrossRef]
  • 22. Unicomb R, Hewat S, Harrison E. Evaluating the treatment of co-occurring stuttering and speech sound disorder; parents’ perspectives. JCPSLP. 2019;21:100-107. Available at: https ://sp eechp athol ogyau stral ia.cl d.bz/ JCPSL P-Vol -21-N o-2-2 019-D IGITA L-Edi tion/ 54/.
  • 23. Nonis D, Unicomb R, Hewat S. Parental perceptions of stuttering in chil- dren: a systematic review of the literature. Speech Lang Hear. 2022;25(4):481-491. [CrossRef]
  • 24. Logan KJ, Yaruss JS. Helping parents address attitudinal and emotional factors with young children who stutter. Contemp Issues Commun Sci Dis- ord. 1999;26(Spring):69-81. [CrossRef]
  • 25. Zebrowski PM, Schum RL. Counseling parents of children who stutter. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 1993;2(2):65-73. [CrossRef]
  • 26. Logan KJ, Caruso AJ. Parents as partners in the treatment of childhood stuttering. Semin Speech Lang. 1997;18(4):309-326. [CrossRef]
APA Cangökçe Yaşar Ö, Özdemir Ş (2023). How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. , 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
Chicago Cangökçe Yaşar Özlem,Özdemir Şevket How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. (2023): 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
MLA Cangökçe Yaşar Özlem,Özdemir Şevket How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. , 2023, ss.77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
AMA Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. . 2023; 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
Vancouver Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. . 2023; 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
IEEE Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş "How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale." , ss.77 - 80, 2023. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
ISNAD Cangökçe Yaşar, Özlem - Özdemir, Şevket. "How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale". (2023), 77-80. https://doi.org/10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
APA Cangökçe Yaşar Ö, Özdemir Ş (2023). How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. Archives of health science and research (Online), 10(2), 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
Chicago Cangökçe Yaşar Özlem,Özdemir Şevket How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. Archives of health science and research (Online) 10, no.2 (2023): 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
MLA Cangökçe Yaşar Özlem,Özdemir Şevket How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. Archives of health science and research (Online), vol.10, no.2, 2023, ss.77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
AMA Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. Archives of health science and research (Online). 2023; 10(2): 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
Vancouver Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale. Archives of health science and research (Online). 2023; 10(2): 77 - 80. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
IEEE Cangökçe Yaşar Ö,Özdemir Ş "How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale." Archives of health science and research (Online), 10, ss.77 - 80, 2023. 10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093
ISNAD Cangökçe Yaşar, Özlem - Özdemir, Şevket. "How Parental Reactions Differ Toward Early Stuttering: A Turkish Validation Study of the Responses to Speech Disfluency Scale". Archives of health science and research (Online) 10/2 (2023), 77-80. https://doi.org/10.5152/ArcHealthSciRes.2022.22093