Yıl: 2011 Cilt: 26 Sayı: 67 Sayfa Aralığı: 27 - 48 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde

Öz:
Mevcut makalede sunulan ve 341 Türk üniversite öğrencisinin katılımıyla gerçekleşen çalışmada, önce, Kernis ve Goldman’ın bireyci kültür özellikleri gösteren ABD’de geliştirdikleri, çok ögeli (farkındalık, yansızlık, ilişkisel özgünlük ve özgün davranış olarak nitelendirilen) özgünlük kavramsallaştırmasının geçerliliğinin, daha toplulukçu olan Türkiye bağlamında sınanması; ikinci olarak da özgünlüğün, kişilerin (a) cinsiyet, (b) bireyci-toplulukçu kültürel yönelimleri ve (c) temel benlik yönelimleriyle (İmamoğlu’nun Dengeli Bütünleşme ve Ayırdetme-Ayrışma Modeli’nde önerilen ilişkililik ve kendileşme boyutları ile) olan bağlantılarının incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Bulgular, çok ögeli hiyerarşik özgünlük modelinin, anılan Türk örneklemi için geçerliliğine destek sağlamıştır. İkinci amaçla ilgili bulgulara göre ise, kadın olmak ile bireycilik ve toplulukçuluk yönelimlerinin, özgünlüğün bazı boyutlarını yordadığı; ancak anılan etkilerden bağımsız olarak, hem genel özgünlüğü hem de özgünlüğün her bir boyutunu yalnız kendileşme ve ilişkililik yönelimlerinin tutarlı olarak yordadığı saptanmıştır. Bulgular araştırmanın dayandığı ilgili modeller ve kültür çerçevesinde tartışılmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelime: toplulukçuluk ilişkililik üniversite öğrencileri sosyal psikoloji geçerlik dengeli bütünleşme ayrışma modeli özgünlük Türkiye bireyselcilik kültür benlik kurgusu çok ögeli özgünlük kavramsallaştırması toplumsal cinsiyet bireyleşme

Individuation and relatedness as predictors of the authentic self: beyond gender and cultural orientations

Öz:
The authors report the results of a study (N = 341 Turkish university students) that, fi rst, tested the validity of Kernis and Goldman’s multicomponent conceptualization of authenticity (proposed in the individualist U.S. context, involving the components of awareness, unbiased processing, authentic behavior, and relational orientation) in the Turkish collectivist context; and, second, explored the relationship of authenticity with (a) gender, (b) individualistic and collectivistic cultural-orientations, and (c) basic self-orientations (i.e., relational and individuational orientations, as suggested by Imamoğlu’s Balanced Integration-Differentiation Model). Results provided support to the multicomponent hierarchical conceptualization of authenticity. Furthermore, although gender (being female), individualism, and collectivism predicted some components of authenticity, only individuation and relatedness appeared as consistently signifi cant predictors of general authenticity and each of its components. Results are discussed with reference to culture and the models on which the study is based.
Anahtar Kelime: relatedness social psychology validity university students individualism collectivism authenticity individualization culture balanced integration differentiation model Turkey self construal multicomponent hierarchical conceptualization of authenticity gender

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA İMAMOĞLU E, GÜNAYDIN G, SELÇUK E (2011). Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26(67), 27 - 48.
Chicago İMAMOĞLU E. Olcay,GÜNAYDIN GÜL,SELÇUK EMRE Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi 26, no.67 (2011): 27 - 48.
MLA İMAMOĞLU E. Olcay,GÜNAYDIN GÜL,SELÇUK EMRE Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, vol.26, no.67, 2011, ss.27 - 48.
AMA İMAMOĞLU E,GÜNAYDIN G,SELÇUK E Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi. 2011; 26(67): 27 - 48.
Vancouver İMAMOĞLU E,GÜNAYDIN G,SELÇUK E Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi. 2011; 26(67): 27 - 48.
IEEE İMAMOĞLU E,GÜNAYDIN G,SELÇUK E "Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde." Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26, ss.27 - 48, 2011.
ISNAD İMAMOĞLU, E. Olcay vd. "Özgün benliğin yordayıcıları olarak kendileşme ve ilişkililik: cinsiyetin ve kültürel yönelimlerin ötesinde". Türk Psikoloji Dergisi 26/67 (2011), 27-48.