Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 4 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 400 - 410 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105 İndeks Tarihi: 19-12-2023

Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ

Öz:
The study of systems' ability to self-organize, internal structural balance, and space partitioning is the focus of a larger body of theories produced by mathematicians in the second half of the twenty-first century, which includes fractal theory and analysis. These theories focus on how the distribution of forms and urban functions within an urban agglomeration, the sequencing of the settlement system, the choice of a specific style of localization, or the evolution of urban sprawl is influenced by a region with inhomogeneous characteristics. The study's objective is to quantify how urban macro-forms reflect urban space. It is aimed to use fractal analysis, one of the methods that examine the structure of urban areas, as a measurement technique and to increase the recognition of this method in the community. When performing fractal analysis, the study area is generally evaluated holistically. Determining the place of the parts that make up this whole within the analysis is another aim of the study. The most basic method used in the study is the Fractal Analysis method. In order to make a relevant evaluation, Fractalyse 3.0 program was used. Two bases were created for the urban spots to be used in the program. While one of these bases is the parcels of Elazığ city center, the other one is buildings. In order to measure the parts of the whole mentioned as one of the aims of the study, three different regions of the city were identified and fractal analyzes were carried out separately for those regions. The study field covers all the central 42 neighborhoods where Elazığ city develops. According to the results obtained from the analysis, the Fractal dimension value of the city was 1.62. This value is a very interesting result as it is considered a transition criterion for cities to be fringed and compact. Accordingly, Elazığ city is a fringed city in the process of becoming compact. In the analysis of three different sections containing the parts that make up the whole, the fractal value of Doğukent neighborhood, located in the easternmost part of Elazığ city, was calculated as 1.70. This area, which has a compact structure, presents a positive response against the urban sprawl. The sample taken from the central part of the city, called the Center, showed a high value of 1.89 in fractal dimension. The fractal dimension value of the sample selected from the south of the city showed a high fringed result of 1.32.
Anahtar Kelime: Elazığ fractal fractal dimension fractal geography

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Atay, M. (1991). Zorunlu göçler Keban örneği. F.Ü. Fırat Havzasının Sosyal, Kültürel ve Ekonomik Kalkınma Sempozyumu, Fırat Üniversitesi Yayını.
  • Bourke, P. Fractal Landscapes. http://www.codenet.ru/progr/fract/lscape.php
  • Chapelon, L. (1996). Modélisation multi-échelles des réseaux de transport: vers une plus grande précision de l’accessibilité. Mappemonde, vol. 3, 28-36.
  • Cirnu, L. (2014). Using the fractal perspective in the analysis of the urban peripheral fabric. case study: Panteleimon, ilfov county. HUMAN GEOGRAPHIES—Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography 66 8.1, 65–73.
  • Çotur, S. (1990). Keban barajının Fırat havzasına etkileri. Fırat Havzası Coğrafya Sempozyumu, Elazığ.
  • Dauphiné, A. (2011). Fractal Geography, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons.
  • Delahaye, D. (2002). Apport de l’analyse spatiale en géomorphologie. Modélisation et approche scalaire des risques. Mémoire HDR, Rouen.
  • Erdoğan, G. (2015). Kent makroformlarının mekânı kullanma verimliliklerinin fraktal boyut ile incelenmesi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi.
  • François, N. (1997). Méthode d’application de la géométrie fractale à la description des systèmes de villes et des réseaux de transport, Thesis, University of Paris.
  • Frankhauser P. (1994). La Fractalité des structures urbaines. Economica, Paris.
  • Genre-Grandpıerre, C. (1999). La desserte spatiale des réseaux de transport routier: une approche fractale. Flux, vol. 38.
  • Gleick, J. (1997). Kaos, Tübitak Yayınları, Ankara.
  • Horton, R.E. (1945). Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology. Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 56 (3), 275-370.
  • Jiang, B., Yin, J. (2013). Ht-Index for Quantifying the Fractal or Scaling Structure of Geographic Features. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 104(3), 530-541.
  • Karakaş, E. (1999). Elazığ şehrinin gelişmesi, F.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, C.9, S.1, Syf. 129–154. Elazığ.
  • Karakaş, E. (2001). Elazığ şehir nüfusunda turizm eğilimi. Fırat Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Cilt.11. Sayı.1. Syf. 57-87. Elazığ.
  • Kaya, H.S. (2003). Kentsel mekan zenginliğinin kaos teorisi ve fraktal geometri kullanılarak değerlendirilmesi. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi.
  • Köprülü, B., Topçu, M. (2022). Kent Morfolojisinde Kentsel Doku Değişiminin Fraktal Analiz Yöntemi Kullanılarak Değerlendirilmesi: Konya Örneği. Türkiye Kentsel Morfoloji Ağı, III. Kentsel Morfoloji Sempozyumu Bildiriler Kitabı, 949–981.
  • Kubat, A. S., Topçu, M. (2009) Antakya ve Konya Tarihi Kent Dokularının Morfolojik Açıdan Karşılaştırılması. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, Cilt:6, Sayı:2, 334-347.
  • Lovejoy, S. (1982). Area perimeter relations for rain and cloud areas, Science, vol. 216, 185-187.
  • Mandelbrot, B. (1982). The Fractal Geometry of Nature. W. H. Freeman and Compagny, New York.
  • Mandelbrot, B. (1977). The Fractal Geometry of Nature. W.H. Freeman and Compagny, New York.
  • Mandelbrot, B.B. (1967). How long is the coast of Britain? Statistical self-similarity and fractional dimension. Science, 156, 636-638.
  • Martin, P. (2004). Fractale parabolique et fractale “scale dependant un problème de courbure. Géopoint, Avignon, France.
  • Mcadams, M. A. (2007). Fractal analyses and the urban morphology of a city in a developing country: A case study of İstanbul, Marmara Coğrafya Dergisi, 15, 150-171.
  • Richardson, L.F. (1961). The problem of contiguity. General System Yearbook, vol. 6,.
  • Strahler, A.N. (1945). Statistical analysis in geomorphic research. Journal of Geology, vol. 62.
  • Trippet, J. (1994). A Pattern language of sustainability ecological design and permaculture, www.holocene.net/dissertation.htm
  • Tonbul, S., Karadoğan, S. (1999). Harput'un kuruluş yeri ve şehrin fonksiyonunu yitirmesi üzerinde etkili olan doğal çevre faktörleri, Dünü ve Bugünüyle Harput Semp. Bild. Cilt II. Syf.303-325 ELAZIĞ.
  • Ünal, M.A. (1989). XVI. yy'da Harput sancağı. Türk Tarih Kurumu. ANKARA.
  • Wong, D.W.S., Lasus, H., Falk, R.F. (1999). Exploring the variability of segregation index D with scale and zonal systems: An analysis of thirty US cities. Environment and Planning A, vol. 31, 507-522.
  • Yüzer, M. A. (2001). Şehirsel yerleşmelerde fraktal ve hücresel otomata yöntemi ile gelişme alanlarının belirlenmesi İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi (Doctoral dissertation).
APA ŞIKOĞLU E (2023). Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. , 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
Chicago ŞIKOĞLU Emrah Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. (2023): 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
MLA ŞIKOĞLU Emrah Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. , 2023, ss.400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
AMA ŞIKOĞLU E Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. . 2023; 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
Vancouver ŞIKOĞLU E Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. . 2023; 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
IEEE ŞIKOĞLU E "Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ." , ss.400 - 410, 2023. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
ISNAD ŞIKOĞLU, Emrah. "Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ". (2023), 400-410. https://doi.org/10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
APA ŞIKOĞLU E (2023). Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4(3), 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
Chicago ŞIKOĞLU Emrah Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning 4, no.3 (2023): 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
MLA ŞIKOĞLU Emrah Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, vol.4, no.3, 2023, ss.400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
AMA ŞIKOĞLU E Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning. 2023; 4(3): 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
Vancouver ŞIKOĞLU E Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning. 2023; 4(3): 400 - 410. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
IEEE ŞIKOĞLU E "Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ." Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4, ss.400 - 410, 2023. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105
ISNAD ŞIKOĞLU, Emrah. "Fractal and geography: Fractal scanning in three different urban areas of Elazığ". Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning 4/3 (2023), 400-410. https://doi.org/10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4i3105