Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm

Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 4 Sayı: Özel Sayı Sayfa Aralığı: 65 - 77 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110 İndeks Tarihi: 31-12-2023

Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm

Öz:
In the past three years, there has been no crisis more "unexpected" than the COVID-19 epidemic, which was deemed as pandemic by WHO on March 11, 2020. Indeed, urban planning must play a significant role in resolving the pandemic dilemma. So, given that pandemics are natural disasters and environmental factors are their primary cause, how is it possible we are still experiencing this outbreak even though “resilience” and “sustainability” principles are ingrained in urban planning paradigms? Accordingly, it is essential to grasp how to incorporate “sustainability” and “resilience” ideas into urban planning processes and to develop the institutional capability to manage and monitor these procedures. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to clarify how sustainability and resilience principles might help to define the essential elements of the "post-pandemic" urban planning paradigm through conceptual analysis and a thorough assessment as the methodology. The first section discusses the necessity of the two most relevant concepts of urban planning paradigms; “sustainability” and “resilience” to tackle with pandemics, followed by the discussion of the “pandemic city” and “post-pandemic city” concepts. Finally, the last chapter explores how the attributes of resilience and sustainability can contribute to “post-pandemic urban planning” paradigm.
Anahtar Kelime: sustainability pandemic city post-pandemic city post-pandemic urban planning resilience

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Ali, S. H., Connolly, C., & Keil, R. (202f2). Pandemic urbanism: Infectious diseases on a planet of cities. (No Title).
  • Balducci, A. (2022). The key of preparedness. In Armondi, S., Balducci, A., Bovo, M., & Galimberti, B. (Eds.). (2022). Cities Learning from a Pandemic: Towards Preparedness (1st ed.). pp. 13-23, Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003240983
  • Berkes, F., & Ross, H. (2013). Community resilience: Toward an integrated approach. Society and Natural Resources 26 (1), 5-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2012.736605
  • Bharule, S., Takahashi, K., Kudo, S., Wee, V. & Ram, S. (n.d.). Rethinking Cities for Resilience and Growth in The Post- COVID-19 Pandemic Era, Policy Note. [online, cited 20.06.2023]. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/event/723361/files/adbi-pn-rethinking-cities-resilience-growth-post- COVID-19-pandemic-era.pdf
  • Brand, F.S. & Jax, K. (2007). Focusing the meaning(s) of resilience: resilience as a descriptive concept and a boundary object. Ecology and Society 12 (1), 23.
  • Brundtland, G. H. (1987). Our common future—Call for action. Environmental conservation, 14(4), 291-294.
  • Carpenter, A. (2013). Social Ties, Space, and Resilience: Literature Review of Community Resilience to Disasters and Constituent Social and Built Environment Factors. Community and Economic Development Discussion Paper No. 02-13.
  • Davoudi, S. (2012). Resilience: A Bridging Concept or a Dead End? “Reframing” Resilience: Challenges for Planning Theory and Practice Interacting Traps: Resilience Assessment of a Pasture Management System in Northern Afghanistan Urban Resilience: What Does it Mean in Planning Practice? Resilience as a Useful Concept for Climate Change Adaptation? The Politics of Resilience for Planning: A Cautionary Note. Planning Theory & Practice 13 (2), 299-333.
  • Davoudi, S., Brooks, E. & Mehmood, A. (2013). Evolutionary Resilience and Strategies for Climate Adaptation. Planning Practice & Research 28 (3), pp. 307-322, https://doi.org/10.1080/02697459.2013.787695
  • Dos Santos, F.T. & Partidário, M.R. (2010). SPARK: Strategic Planning Approach for Resilience Keeping. European Planning Studies 19 (8), pp. 1517-1536.
  • Gandy, M. (2006). The bacteriological city and its discontents. Historical Geography 34, pp. 14–25.
  • Jasin ́ski, A. (2022). COVID-19 pandemic is challenging some dogmas of modern urbanism. Cities 121, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2021.103498
  • Jeanrenaud, S. (Eds.) (2007). The Future of Sustainability: Have Your Say! Summary of the IUCN E-Discussion Forum 2006. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1035-8.
  • Lebel, L., Anderies, J.M., Campbell, B., Folke, C., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Hughes, T.P. & Wilson J. (2006). Governance and the capacity to manage resilience in regional social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11 (1), 19.
  • Lowe I (1996). Towards ecological sustainability. In Australia State of the Environment, State of the Environment Advisory Council. pp. 10–30. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
  • Lu, P. & Stead, D. (2013). Understanding the notion of resilience in spatial planning: A case study of Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Cities 35, 200–212.
  • Martínez, L. & Short, J.R. (2021). The Pandemic City: Urban Issues in the Time of COVID-19. Sustainability 13, https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063295
  • Mölders, T. & Levin-Keitel, M. (2021). Sustainable (Post-) Pandemic Cities?. Contested forms of knowledge in urban transformation. planung neu denken 2, 151-163.
  • Mulligan, M., Steele, W., Rickards, L. & Fünfgeld, H. (2016). Keywords in planning: what do we mean by ‘community resilience’? International Planning Studies, 21:4, 348 361 https://doi.org/10.1080/13563475.2016.1155974
  • Newton, P. & Bai, X. (2008). Transitioning to Sustainable Urban Development. In Newton, P.W. (Eds.) Transitions: Pathways to Sustainable Urban Development in Australia, pp. 3–19, Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Novotny, V., Ahern, J., & Brown, P. (2010). Water Centric Sustainable Communities: Planning, Retrofitting and Building the Next Urban Environment. J. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470949962
  • Orr, D. W. (2002). Four challenges of sustainability. Conservation Biology 16 (6), 1457-1460.
  • Razavi, Adeniyi-Ogunyankin, G., Basu, S., Datta, A., de Souza, K., Ting Ip, P. T., Koleth, E., Marcus, J., Miraftab, F., Mullings, B., Nmormah, S., Odunola, B., Burgoa, S. P., & Peake, L. (2022). Everyday urbanisms in the pandemic city: a feminist comparative study of the gendered experiences of COVID-19 in Southern cities. Social & Cultural Geography, (ahead-of-print), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2022.2104355
  • Rönkkö, E., Juuti, E., & Hentilä, H.L. (2022). Resistant, responsive, resilient cities: Urban planning as a means for pandemic prevention, In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 1122, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1122/1/012006
  • Servillo, L. & Reimer, M. (2013). Strategic Spatial Planning and Institutional Resilience: Theoretical Thoughts and some Empirical Devices. In Proceedings of AESOP -ACSP 5th Joint Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 15-19 July.
  • Sharifi, A. & Khavarian-Garmsir, A.R. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: Impacts on cities and major lessons for urban planning, design, and management. Science of the Total Environment 749, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142391
  • Sokol, M. (2021) The post-pandemic city: what could possibly go wrong. GEOFIN Blog #11. Dublin: GEOFIN research, Trinity College Dublin. Available online at https://geofinresearch.eu/outputs/blog
  • Wilbanks, T. J. (2009). How geographic scale matters in seeking community resilience. CARRI Research Report 7. Oak Ridge, TN: Community & Regional Resilience Institute, http://www.resilientus.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/T_Wilbanks_CARRI_Report_7_Final_1257273817.pdf
  • World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Brundtland Report, Our common future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Yaman-Galantini, Z.D. & Tezer, A. (2018b). Review: In the complex epoch is sustainability “out” resilience “in”?, ITU AZ Journal, 15 (3), 41-59. https://doi.org/10.5505/itujfa.2018.77598
  • Yaman-Galantini, Z.D. (2019). Belirsizliklere Karşı Kurumsal Dayanıklılık ve Beş Bileşenli Kent Planlama Süreci (Institutional Resilience against Uncertainties and Five-Elements Process in Urban Planning Process), İçinde Dünya Şehircilik Günü 43. Kolokyumu: “Planlama, Kavramlar ve Arayışlar”, TED Üniversitesi, Ankara, 7-9 Kasım.
  • Yaman-Galantini, Z.D. (2021). Kentsel Dayanıklılık Perspektifinde Salgınlarla Mücadele (Analysis of Struggling with Pandemics from Urban Resilience Perspective). Mimarlık 417, 31-34.
APA yaman galantini z (2023). Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. , 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
Chicago yaman galantini zeynep deniz Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. (2023): 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
MLA yaman galantini zeynep deniz Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. , 2023, ss.65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
AMA yaman galantini z Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. . 2023; 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
Vancouver yaman galantini z Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. . 2023; 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
IEEE yaman galantini z "Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm." , ss.65 - 77, 2023. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
ISNAD yaman galantini, zeynep deniz. "Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm". (2023), 65-77. https://doi.org/10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
APA yaman galantini z (2023). Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4(Özel Sayı), 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
Chicago yaman galantini zeynep deniz Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning 4, no.Özel Sayı (2023): 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
MLA yaman galantini zeynep deniz Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, vol.4, no.Özel Sayı, 2023, ss.65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
AMA yaman galantini z Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning. 2023; 4(Özel Sayı): 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
Vancouver yaman galantini z Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning. 2023; 4(Özel Sayı): 65 - 77. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
IEEE yaman galantini z "Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm." Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4, ss.65 - 77, 2023. 10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110
ISNAD yaman galantini, zeynep deniz. "Reinterpreting “Sustainability” and “Resilience” in the post-pandemic urban planning paradigm". Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning 4/Özel Sayı (2023), 65-77. https://doi.org/10.47818/DRArch.2023.v4si110