Yıl: 2023 Cilt: 47 Sayı: 6 Sayfa Aralığı: 576 - 583 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.55730/1300-0128.4327 İndeks Tarihi: 17-01-2024

Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain

Öz:
Water buffaloes exhibit various social structures during their activities on pasture, but the impact of abiotic factors (i.e. rainfall) on these structures remains unknown. While existing research has provided evidence concerning the effect of weather conditions on grazing animals’ behavior, they have not examined how animals differentiate their social organization within the herd during their activities on pasture under the rainfall. This study utilized social network analysis to construct, depict, and analyze the proximity networks among buffaloes in each activity they perform on pasture before, during, and after the rainfall. By applying various network indices, we have shown that water buffaloes display distinct patterns of social structure under rainfall, with different expressions of sociality during each activity on pasture. In particular, under the rain water buffaloes maintain strong social bonds during grazing and have effective communication and coordination mechanisms. Rainfall reduces herd cohesion during the activity of moving but strengthens it during standing. Rainfall does not affect rumination; however, it limits the sociality of the animals and their communication during this activity. Buffaloes display individualization tendencies during wallowing and form stable chain hierarchies. This new evidence sheds light on water buffaloes’ sociality during their activities on pasture under rainfall and may help breeders improve their management practices.
Anahtar Kelime: Network analysis grazing activities herd social behavior abiotic factors water buffalo

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APA Tsiobani E, Yiakoulaki M, Hasanagas N, Antoniou I (2023). Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. , 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
Chicago Tsiobani Eleni,Yiakoulaki Maria,Hasanagas Nikolaos,Antoniou Ioannis E. Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. (2023): 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
MLA Tsiobani Eleni,Yiakoulaki Maria,Hasanagas Nikolaos,Antoniou Ioannis E. Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. , 2023, ss.576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
AMA Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. . 2023; 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
Vancouver Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. . 2023; 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
IEEE Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I "Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain." , ss.576 - 583, 2023. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
ISNAD Tsiobani, Eleni vd. "Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain". (2023), 576-583. https://doi.org/10.55730/1300-0128.4327
APA Tsiobani E, Yiakoulaki M, Hasanagas N, Antoniou I (2023). Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 47(6), 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
Chicago Tsiobani Eleni,Yiakoulaki Maria,Hasanagas Nikolaos,Antoniou Ioannis E. Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 47, no.6 (2023): 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
MLA Tsiobani Eleni,Yiakoulaki Maria,Hasanagas Nikolaos,Antoniou Ioannis E. Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, vol.47, no.6, 2023, ss.576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
AMA Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2023; 47(6): 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
Vancouver Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2023; 47(6): 576 - 583. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
IEEE Tsiobani E,Yiakoulaki M,Hasanagas N,Antoniou I "Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain." Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 47, ss.576 - 583, 2023. 10.55730/1300-0128.4327
ISNAD Tsiobani, Eleni vd. "Water buffalo social networks during their activities on pasture under the rain". Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 47/6 (2023), 576-583. https://doi.org/10.55730/1300-0128.4327