Yıl: 2024 Cilt: 13 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 95 - 104 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296 İndeks Tarihi: 29-04-2024

The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women

Öz:
Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association of vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency with metabolic syndrome risk factors, quality of life, and depression in postmenopausal women aged 50 years and older. Materials and Metods: The study was conducted with women (n=165) who attended a handicraft course in Bursa Province, Turkey, in March 2019. At the initial visit, blood samples were obtained from the individuals, and the study continued with 150 participants whose serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels lower than 30 ng/mL and met the research criteria. At the second visit, the subjects were questioned about their general characteristics, quality of life, and depression. In addition to the questionnaire, metabolic syndrome was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of the International Diabetes Federation, and waist circumference and blood pressure measurements were made for each participant. Results: The prevalences of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in the participants were 21.3% and 78.7, respectively. When compared to the women with vitamin D insufficiency, those with vitamin D deficiency displayed a significantly higher metabolic syndrome prevalence (46.6% vs 18.8%), waist circumference, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose levels, and significantly lowered high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (P<0.05). Furthermore, the differences observed between the women with vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency for physical function, energy level/vitality, mental and general health, which are sub parameters of the quality of life scale, and depression and anxiety scores, were also statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that low vitamin D levels in postmenopausal women may be associated with metabolic syndrome, low quality of life, and depression.
Anahtar Kelime: vitamin d cholesterol waist circumference depression anxiety

Postmenopozal Kadınlarda D vitamini Eksikliği/Yetersizliğinin Metabolik Sendrom, Yaşam Kalitesi ve Depresyon ile İlişkisi

Öz:
Amaç: Bu kesitsel çalışmada, 50 yaş ve üstü postmenopozal kadınlarda D vitamini eksikliği/yetersizliğinin metabolik sendrom risk faktörleri, yaşam kalitesi ve depresyon ile ilişkisinin araştırılması amaçlandı. Gereç ve Yöntem: Bu çalışma, Mart 2019’da Bursa’da bir el sanatları kursuna katılan kadınlarla (n=165) gerçekleştirildi. İlk ziyarette bireylerden kan örnekleri alındı ve serum 25-hidroksivitamin D [25(OH)D] seviyesi 30 ng/mL’den düşük olan ve araştırma kriterlerini karşılayan 150 kadın ile çalışmaya devam edildi. İkinci ziyarette bireylerin genel özellikleri, yaşam kalitesi ve depresyon durumları sorgulandı. Anketlere ek olarak, Uluslararası Diyabet Federasyonu’nun tanı kriterlerine göre metabolik sendrom tanımlandı ve her katılımcı için bel çevresi ve tansiyon ölçümleri yapıldı. Bulgular: Katılımcıların %21,3’ünde D vitamini yetersizliği ve %78,7’sinde D vitamini eksikliği vardı. D vitamini yetersizliği olan kadınların D vitamini eksikliği olan kadınlara kıyasla metabolik sendrom prevalansı (%18,8’e karşılık %46,6), bel çevresi ve açlık kan şekeri anlamlı derecede düşük ve yüksek yoğunluklu lipoprotein kolesterol düzeyleri anlamlı derecede yüksek bulundu (P<0.05). Ayrıca, D vitamini eksikliği/yetersizliği olan kadınların yaşam kalitesi ölçeğinin alt parametreleri olan fiziksel fonksiyonu, enerji düzeyi/canlılık, ruh sağlığı ve genel sağlık durumu ile depresyon ve anksiyete puanları arasında gözlene farklar da istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bulundu (P<0.05). Sonuç: Postmenopozal kadınlarda düşük D vitamini düzeylerinin metabolik sendrom, düşük yaşam kalitesi ve depresyon ile ilişkili olabileceği sonucuna varıldı.
Anahtar Kelime: D Vitamini Kolesterol Bel Çevresi Depresyon Anksiyete

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Küçük S, YIBAR A, Saltıklar G, Beynel S (2024). The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. , 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
Chicago Küçük Sefa Can,YIBAR ARTUN,Saltıklar Güler,Beynel Semra The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. (2024): 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
MLA Küçük Sefa Can,YIBAR ARTUN,Saltıklar Güler,Beynel Semra The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. , 2024, ss.95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
AMA Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. . 2024; 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
Vancouver Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. . 2024; 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
IEEE Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S "The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women." , ss.95 - 104, 2024. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
ISNAD Küçük, Sefa Can vd. "The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women". (2024), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
APA Küçük S, YIBAR A, Saltıklar G, Beynel S (2024). The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD), 13(1), 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
Chicago Küçük Sefa Can,YIBAR ARTUN,Saltıklar Güler,Beynel Semra The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD) 13, no.1 (2024): 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
MLA Küçük Sefa Can,YIBAR ARTUN,Saltıklar Güler,Beynel Semra The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD), vol.13, no.1, 2024, ss.95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
AMA Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD). 2024; 13(1): 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
Vancouver Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD). 2024; 13(1): 95 - 104. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
IEEE Küçük S,YIBAR A,Saltıklar G,Beynel S "The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women." Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD), 13, ss.95 - 104, 2024. 10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296
ISNAD Küçük, Sefa Can vd. "The Association of Vitamin D Insufficiency/Deficiency with Metabolic Syndrome, Quality of Life and Depression in Postmenopausal Women". Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi (BSBD) 13/1 (2024), 95-104. https://doi.org/10.53424/balikesirsbd.1301296