Yıl: 2024 Cilt: 20 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 21 - 27 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12 İndeks Tarihi: 10-06-2024

Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity

Öz:
Objective: Disordered eating among bariatric surgery candidates is common and associated with comorbid diseases. But the relationship with childhood stories is not known very well. Therefore, we sought to determine the properties of disordered eating and childhood obesity in bariatric surgery candidates. Methods: The sample comprised 69 female and 16 male bariatric surgery candidates. Individuals were categorized as having childhood obesity or not. The groups consisted of 40 (33 female, 7 male) bariatric surgery candidates with childhood obesity and 45 (36 female, 9 male) bariatric surgery candidates without childhood obesity. All bariatric surgery candidates were examined by a psychiatrist for eating disorders. The eating attitude test was applied to all groups. Results: 49.4% of the total 85 bariatric surgery candidates (n=42) identified any kind of trigger factor. Eating attitudes, rate of eating disorders, and trigger factors for morbid obesity were similar in both groups. The rate of type 2 diabetes was higher in bariatric surgery candidates without childhood obesity (57.8% vs. 30.0%, p=0.010). This group was older than bariatric surgery candidates with a childhood obesity story (41.8±7.7 vs. 33.6±9.1, p=0.000). There was no statistically significant difference between groups in familial obesity story (p=0.700). Conclusion: The absence of a history of childhood obesity in bariatric surgery candidates appears to be associated with type 2 diabetes. Healthy eating habits and preventive measures for obesity must be put into practice.
Anahtar Kelime:

Çocukluk Çağı Obezitesi Öyküsü olan Bariyatrik Cerrahi Adaylarında Yeme Bozuklukları, Yeme Tutumu ve Kilo Alma Tetikleyicilerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Öz:
Amaç: Bozulmuş yeme paterni bariyatrik cerrahi adaylarında oldukça sıktır ve komorbid hastalıklarla ilişkilidir. Ama çocukluk çağı obezitesi öyküsü ile ilişkisi pek bilinmemektedir. Bu nedenle bariyatrik cerrahi adaylarında bozulmuş yeme davranışıyla ilgili özellikleri ve çocukluk çağı obezitesi öyküsünü araştırmayı hedefledik. Gereç ve Yöntem: Örneklem 69 kadın ve 16 erkek bariyatrik cerrahi adayını kapsamaktaydı. Katılımcılar çocukluk çağı obezite öyküsü olanlar ve olmayanlar şeklinde kategorize edildi. Gruplar çocukluk çağı obezitesi olan 40 (33 kadın, 7 erkek) bariyatrik cerrahi adayından ve olmayan 45 (36 kadın, 9 erkek) bariyatrik cerrahi adayından oluştu. Bariyatrik cerrahi adayları yeme bozuklukları açısından bir psikiyatrist tarafından değerlendirildi. Tüm gruplara yeme tutumu testi uygulandı. Bulgular: Toplam 85 bariyatrik cerrahi adayının %49,4’ü (n=42) herhangi bir tetikleyici faktör tanımladı. Örneklemimizde yeme tutumu, yeme bozukluğu oranı ve morbid obeziteyi tetikleyen faktörler her iki grupta benzer bulundu. Tip 2 diyabet oranı çocukluk çağı obezitesi öyküsü olmayan bariyatrik cerrahi adaylarında daha yüksek bulundu (%57,8’e karşı %30,0, p=0,010). Bu grup çocukluk çağı obezitesi öyküsü olan bariyatrik cerrahi adayı grubundan daha yaşlıydı (41,8±7,7 vs. 33,6±9,1, p=0,000). Ailede obezite öyküsü açısından gruplar arasında belirgin bir istatistiksel farklılık yoktu (p=0,700).Sonuç: Bariyatrik cerrahi adaylarında çocukluk çağı obezite öyküsünün olmaması ile tip 2 diyabet ilişkili görünmektedir. Sağlıklı beslenme alışkanlıkları ve obeziteyi önleyici girişimler hayata geçirilmelidir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • 1. Ahluwalia N, Dalmasso P, Rasmussen M, Lipsky L, Currie C, Haug E, et al. Trends in overweight prevalence among 11-13 and 15-year-old in 25 countries in Europe, Canada and USA from 2002 to 2010. Eur J Public Health 2015;2(Suppl 2):28-32.
  • 2. da Luz FQ, Hay P, Touyz S, Sainsbury A. Obesity with Comorbid Eating Disorders: Associated Health Risks and Treatment Approaches. Nutrients 2018;10:829.
  • 3. Kaur J, Dang AB, Gan J, An Z, Krug I. Night Eating Syndrome in Patients with Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder: A Systematic Review. Front Psychol 2022;12:766827.
  • 4. Zeiler M, Waldherr K, Philipp J, Nitsch M, Dür W, Karwautz A, et al. Prevalence of eating disorder risk and associations with health-related quality of life: results from a large school based population screening. Eur Eat Disord Rev 2016;24:9-18.
  • 5. Morris J, Twaddle S. Anorexia nervosa. BMJ 2007;334:894-8.
  • 6. Fairburn CG, Cooper Z, Doll HA, Welch SL. Risk factors for anorexia nervosa: three integrated case-control comparison. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1999;56:468-76.
  • 7 McDermott BM, Batik M, Roberts L, Gibbon P. Parent and child report of family functioning in a clinical child and adolescent eating disorders sample. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2002;36:509-14.
  • 8. Metbulut AP, Özmert EN, Teksam O, Yurdakök K. A comparison between the feeding practices of parents and grandparents. Eur J Pediatr 2018;177:1785-94.
  • 9. Juonala M, Magnussen CG, Berenson GS, Venn A, Burns TL, Sabin MA, et al. Childhood adiposity, adult adiposity and cardiovasculer risk factors. N Engl J Med 2011;365:1876-85.
  • 10 .Malhotra S, Sivasubramanian R, Singhal V. Adult obesity and its complications: a pediatric disease? Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2021;28:46-54.
  • 11. Liu J, Woo Baidal J, Fennoy I, Parkinson KL, Lynch L, Zitsman JL. The prevalence of co morbidities in adult and adolescent bariatric surgery candidates. Obes Surg 2021;31:1369-71.
  • 12. Garner D, Garfinkel P. The Eating Attitudes Test: An Index of Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa. Psychol Med 1979;9:273-9.
  • 13. Savaşır I, Erol N. The eating attitudes test: An index of the symptoms of anorexia. Turkish Journal of Psychology 1989;7:19- 25.
  • 14. Allison KC, Lundgren JD, O'Reardon JP, Martino NS, Sarwer DB, Wadden TA, et al. The Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ): psychometric properties of a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome. Eat Behav 2008;9:62-72.
  • 15. Atasoy N, Saraçlı Ö, Konuk N, Ankaralı H, Güriz SO, Akdemir A, et al. The reliability and validity of Turkish version of the Night Eating Questionnaire in psychiatric outpatient population. Alpha Psychiatry 2014;15:238-47.
  • 16. American Psychiatric Association. Diagostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: 2013.
  • 17. Fontana L. The scientific basis of caloric restriction leading to longer life. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2009;25:114-50.
  • 18. Melnik BC. Permanent impairment of insulin resistance from pregnancy to adulthood: the primary basic risk factor of chronic Western diseases. Med Hypotheses 2009;73:670-81.
  • 19. Loh WJ, North BV, Johnston DG, Godsland IF. Insulin resistance- related biomarker clustering and subclinical inflammation as predictors of cancer mortality during 21.5 years of follow-up. Cancer Causes Control 2010;21:709-18.
  • 20. Study of Turkey chronicle diseases and risk factors. Ankara: Ministery of Health, Publishing no: 909; 2013.
  • 21. Whincup PH, Kaye SJ, Owen CG, Huxley R, Cook DG, Anazawa S, et al. Birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. JAMA 2008;300:2886-97.
  • 22. Satman I, Omer B, Tutuncu Y, Kalaca S, Gedik S, Dinccag N, et al. Twelve-year trends in the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and prediabetes in Turkish adults. Eur J Epidemiol 2013;28:169- 80.
  • 23. Islam JY, Zaman MM, Bhuiyan MR, Haq SA, Ahmed S, Al-Qadir AZ. Prevalence and determinants of hyperglycaemia among adults in Bangladesh: results from a population-based national survey. BMJ Open 2019;9:e029674.
  • 24. Pan WH, Yeh WT, Weng LC. Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome in Asia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2008;17(Suppl 1):37-42.
  • 25. de Souza RJ, Mente A, Maroleanu A, Cozma AI, Ha V, Kishibe T, et al. Intake of saturated and trans unsaturated fatty acids and risk of all cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ 2015;351:h3978.
  • 26. GBD 2017 Diet Collaborators. Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet 2019;393:1958-72.
  • 27. Trieu K, Neal B, Hawkes C, Dunford E, Campbell N, Rodriguez- Fernandez R, et al. Salt reduction initiatives around the world-a systematic review of progress towards the global target. PLoS One 2015;10:e0130247.
  • 28. Conceição EM, Utzinger LM, Pisetsky EM. Eating Disorders and Problematic Eating Behaviours Before and After Bariatric Surgery: Characterization, Assessment and Association with Treatment Outcomes. Eur Eat Disord Rev 2015;23:417-25.
  • 29. Özer S, Bozkurt H, Sönmezgöz E, Bilge S, Yılmaz R, Demir O. Evaluation of Eating Behavior in Obese Children. J Child 2014;14:66-71.
  • 30. Güngor NK. Overweight and obesity in children and adoles¬cents. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2014;6:129-43.
  • 31. Jansen PW, Roza SJ, Jaddoe VW, Mackenbach JD, Raat H, Hofman A, et al. Children’s eating behavior, feeding practices of parents and weight problems in early childhood: results from the population-based generation R study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys 2012;9:130.
  • 32. Kar SS, Dube R, Kar SS. Childhood obesity-an insight into preventi¬ve strategies. Avicenna J Med 2014;4:88-93.
APA Zengin Eroglu M, luş m (2024). Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. , 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
Chicago Zengin Eroglu Meliha,luş melek gözde Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. (2024): 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
MLA Zengin Eroglu Meliha,luş melek gözde Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. , 2024, ss.21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
AMA Zengin Eroglu M,luş m Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. . 2024; 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
Vancouver Zengin Eroglu M,luş m Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. . 2024; 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
IEEE Zengin Eroglu M,luş m "Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity." , ss.21 - 27, 2024. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
ISNAD Zengin Eroglu, Meliha - luş, melek gözde. "Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity". (2024), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
APA Zengin Eroglu M, luş m (2024). Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi, 20(1), 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
Chicago Zengin Eroglu Meliha,luş melek gözde Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi 20, no.1 (2024): 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
MLA Zengin Eroglu Meliha,luş melek gözde Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi, vol.20, no.1, 2024, ss.21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
AMA Zengin Eroglu M,luş m Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi. 2024; 20(1): 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
Vancouver Zengin Eroglu M,luş m Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity. Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi. 2024; 20(1): 21 - 27. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
IEEE Zengin Eroglu M,luş m "Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity." Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi, 20, ss.21 - 27, 2024. 10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12
ISNAD Zengin Eroglu, Meliha - luş, melek gözde. "Evaluation of Eating Disorders, Eating Attitudes, and Triggers for Weight Gain in Bariatric Surgery Candidates with Childhood Obesity". Bakırköy Tıp Dergisi 20/1 (2024), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.4274/BMJ.galenos.2023.2022.1-12