Yıl: 2024 Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 31 - 40 Metin Dili: Türkçe DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5 İndeks Tarihi: 11-06-2024

Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation

Öz:
Objective: The rising global epidemic of childhood obesity is a major public health challenge. Despite the urgency, there is a lack of data on the awareness and implementation of preventative measures. The aim of this study was to identify areas for improvement in the prevention and management of childhood obesity worldwide. Methods: A cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to 132 members of national pediatric societies of the International Pediatric Association. Results: Twenty-eight (21.2%) participants, each from a different country across six World Health Organization (WHO) regions completed the survey. Most participants reported that national prevalence data of childhood obesity is available (78.6%), and the number increased during the Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic (60.7%). In most countries (78.6%), the amount of sugar and salt in children’s products is provided but only 42.9% enacted regulations on children-targeted advertising. Childhood obesity prevention programs from the government (64.3%) and schools (53.6%) are available with existing support from private or non-profit organizations (71.4%). Participants were aware of WHO’s guidance concerning childhood obesity (78.6%), while fewer were aware of The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund’s (UNICEF) guidance (50%). Participants reported that WHO/UNICEF guidance acted as a reference to develop policies, regulations and national programs. However, progress was hindered by poor compliance. Lastly, participants provided suggestions on tackling obesity, with responses ranging from developing and reinforcing policies, involvement of schools, and prevention across all life stages. Conclusion: There are different practices in implementing prevention measures to counter childhood obesity globally, particularly in statutory regulation on food advertising and national programs. While support and awareness was relatively high, implementation was hindered. This reflects the need for prompt, country-specific evaluation and interventions.
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APA Pulungan A, Puteri H, Ratnasari A, Hoey H, Utari A, Darendeliler F, AL-ZOUBI B, Joel D, Valiulis A, Cabana J, HASANOGLU E, Thacker N, Farmer M (2024). Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. , 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
Chicago Pulungan Aman,Puteri Helena Arnetta,Ratnasari Amajida Fadia,Hoey Hilary,Utari Agustini,Darendeliler Feyza,AL-ZOUBI BASIM,Joel Dipesalema,Valiulis Arunas,Cabana Jorge Lisardo,HASANOGLU ENVER,Thacker Naveen,Farmer Mychelle Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. (2024): 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
MLA Pulungan Aman,Puteri Helena Arnetta,Ratnasari Amajida Fadia,Hoey Hilary,Utari Agustini,Darendeliler Feyza,AL-ZOUBI BASIM,Joel Dipesalema,Valiulis Arunas,Cabana Jorge Lisardo,HASANOGLU ENVER,Thacker Naveen,Farmer Mychelle Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. , 2024, ss.31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
AMA Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. . 2024; 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
Vancouver Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. . 2024; 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
IEEE Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M "Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation." , ss.31 - 40, 2024. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
ISNAD Pulungan, Aman vd. "Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation". (2024), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
APA Pulungan A, Puteri H, Ratnasari A, Hoey H, Utari A, Darendeliler F, AL-ZOUBI B, Joel D, Valiulis A, Cabana J, HASANOGLU E, Thacker N, Farmer M (2024). Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 16(1), 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
Chicago Pulungan Aman,Puteri Helena Arnetta,Ratnasari Amajida Fadia,Hoey Hilary,Utari Agustini,Darendeliler Feyza,AL-ZOUBI BASIM,Joel Dipesalema,Valiulis Arunas,Cabana Jorge Lisardo,HASANOGLU ENVER,Thacker Naveen,Farmer Mychelle Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology 16, no.1 (2024): 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
MLA Pulungan Aman,Puteri Helena Arnetta,Ratnasari Amajida Fadia,Hoey Hilary,Utari Agustini,Darendeliler Feyza,AL-ZOUBI BASIM,Joel Dipesalema,Valiulis Arunas,Cabana Jorge Lisardo,HASANOGLU ENVER,Thacker Naveen,Farmer Mychelle Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, vol.16, no.1, 2024, ss.31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
AMA Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology. 2024; 16(1): 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
Vancouver Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology. 2024; 16(1): 31 - 40. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
IEEE Pulungan A,Puteri H,Ratnasari A,Hoey H,Utari A,Darendeliler F,AL-ZOUBI B,Joel D,Valiulis A,Cabana J,HASANOGLU E,Thacker N,Farmer M "Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation." Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 16, ss.31 - 40, 2024. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5
ISNAD Pulungan, Aman vd. "Childhood Obesity as a Global Problem: a Cross-sectional Survey on Global Awareness and National Program Implementation". Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology 16/1 (2024), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-7-5