Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre

Yıl: 2024 Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 50 - 59 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9 İndeks Tarihi: 11-06-2024

Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre

Öz:
Objective: The postnatal activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is usually known as “minipuberty”. There are still open questions about its biological function and significance depending on sex, gestational age (GA) and birth weight (BW) with few available longitudinal data. Methods: A single-centre, longitudinal study to quantify urinary follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH), luteinizing hormone (uLH) and testosterone (uTs) in male neonates. Neonates were enrolled and stratified into three subgroups: full-term boys appropriate for GA (FT AGA); FT boys with BW ≤3rd centile [FT small for gestational age (SGA)]; and preterm (PT) boys ≤33 weeks of GA. Urinary hormones were correlated to simultaneous auxological parameters, linear growth and external genitalia at scheduled time-points. Results: Forty-six boys were recruited, with subgroup sizes FT AGA n=23, FT SGA n=11 and PT n=12. PT boys display a pulsatile pattern of urinary gonadotropins (uGns) with higher levels of uLH and a gradual increase of uTs. Testicular descent started from 29-32 weeks with the peak of uTs. During the first 12-months post-term age (PTA), FT AGA boys displayed a better linear growth (p<0.05). PT showed higher uGns levels until 3-months PTA. PT babies had higher uLH levels than FT AGA, with a peak at 7 and 30 days, during the first 90 days of life (p<0.001) and higher uTs levels. Correlation analysis between penile growth of all neonates and uTs was significant (p=0.04) but not within subgroups. Conclusion: This study investigated postnatal HPG axis activation in term and PT infants. Minipuberty may involve an early window of opportunity to evaluate the functionality of the HPG axis. Further studies with a long-term follow-up are needed with a special focus on possible consequences of GA and BW.
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APA Boncompagni A, Pietrella E, Passini E, Grisolia C, TAGLIAZUCCHI M, Tagliafico E, lugli l, Berardi A, Iughetti L, Lucaccioni L (2024). Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. , 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
Chicago Boncompagni Alessandra,Pietrella Elisa,Passini Erica,Grisolia Chiarina,TAGLIAZUCCHI MARA,Tagliafico Enrico,lugli licia,Berardi Alberto,Iughetti Lorenzo,Lucaccioni Laura Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. (2024): 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
MLA Boncompagni Alessandra,Pietrella Elisa,Passini Erica,Grisolia Chiarina,TAGLIAZUCCHI MARA,Tagliafico Enrico,lugli licia,Berardi Alberto,Iughetti Lorenzo,Lucaccioni Laura Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. , 2024, ss.50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
AMA Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. . 2024; 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
Vancouver Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. . 2024; 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
IEEE Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L "Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre." , ss.50 - 59, 2024. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
ISNAD Boncompagni, Alessandra vd. "Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre". (2024), 50-59. https://doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
APA Boncompagni A, Pietrella E, Passini E, Grisolia C, TAGLIAZUCCHI M, Tagliafico E, lugli l, Berardi A, Iughetti L, Lucaccioni L (2024). Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 16(1), 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
Chicago Boncompagni Alessandra,Pietrella Elisa,Passini Erica,Grisolia Chiarina,TAGLIAZUCCHI MARA,Tagliafico Enrico,lugli licia,Berardi Alberto,Iughetti Lorenzo,Lucaccioni Laura Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology 16, no.1 (2024): 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
MLA Boncompagni Alessandra,Pietrella Elisa,Passini Erica,Grisolia Chiarina,TAGLIAZUCCHI MARA,Tagliafico Enrico,lugli licia,Berardi Alberto,Iughetti Lorenzo,Lucaccioni Laura Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, vol.16, no.1, 2024, ss.50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
AMA Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology. 2024; 16(1): 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
Vancouver Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre. Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology. 2024; 16(1): 50 - 59. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
IEEE Boncompagni A,Pietrella E,Passini E,Grisolia C,TAGLIAZUCCHI M,Tagliafico E,lugli l,Berardi A,Iughetti L,Lucaccioni L "Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre." Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 16, ss.50 - 59, 2024. 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9
ISNAD Boncompagni, Alessandra vd. "Minipuberty in Male Full-term Neonates Appropriate and Small for Gestational Age and in Preterm Babies: Data from a Single Centre". Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology 16/1 (2024), 50-59. https://doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2023.2023-4-9