Yıl: 2011 Cilt: 22 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 55 - 64 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation

Öz:
Çalışmanın amacı hafif mental retardasyonu olanlarda denge eğitimi ve postür egzersizlerinin fonksiyonel düzey üzerine olan etkilerini incelemektir. Gereç ve yöntem: Çalışmaya özel eğitim merkezine giden, hafif mental retardasyonu olan (IQ=50-70) 28 ilköğretim öğrencisi alındı. Olgular egzersiz (N=14) ve kontrol grubu (N=14) olmak üzere ikiye ayrıldı. Egzersiz grubuna okulda aldıkları fiziksel eğitim programının yanında, haftada üç kez 8 hafta boyunca egzersiz topu ile denge ve postür egzersizleri verildi. Kontrol grubu yalnızca okuldaki fiziksel eğitim programına katıldı. Kas enduransı (oturmaya gelme testi), fleksibilite (otur-uzan testi), kas kuvveti ve koordinasyon (sandalyeden kalkma testi), fonksiyonel mobilite testi (süreli kalk yürü testi ve 50 adım yürüme testi) ve denge (Pediatrik denge ölçeği) değerlendirildi. Değerlendirmeler egzersiz programının başında ve egzersiz programı bittikten sonra yapıldı. Sonuçlar: İki grup karşılaştırıldığında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı (p>0.05). Egzersiz grubunda fleksibilite dışındaki tüm parametrelerde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulundu (p<0.05). Tartışma: Denge eğitimi ve postür egzersizleri hafif mental retardasyonu olanlarda fonksiyonel düzeyi artırıcı etkilere sahiptir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Genel ve Dahili Tıp Rehabilitasyon

Mental retardasyonda denge ve postür egzersizlerinin fonksiyonel düzey üzerine etkileri

Öz:
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of balance training and postural exercises on the functional level in individuals with mild mental retardation. Material and methods: Twenty-eight mildly mentally retarded (IQ=50-70) students who were attending the Special Education Elementary School were included for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to exercise (N=14) and control (N=14) groups. The exercise group participated in a balance training and postural exercise program with a Swiss ball for 8 weeks at a frequency of three times per week, in addition to the physical education program at the school. The control group followed only the physical education program at the school. Muscle endurance (Sit-Ups Test), flexibility (Sit and Reach Test), muscle strength and coordination (Chair Rising Test), functional mobility (Timed Up and Go Test and 50 Foot Walking Test) and balance (Pediatric Balance Scale) tests were performed to assess those variables. Assessments were performed prior to commencing the exercise program and after completion of the exercise program. Results: There was no statistically significant difference when the two groups were compared (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference was found in all parameters except flexibility in the exercise group (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was concluded that balance training and postural exercises were effective in improving the functional level in individuals with mental retardation.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Genel ve Dahili Tıp Rehabilitasyon
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA KUBİLAY N, YILDIRIM Y, KARA B, HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H (2011). Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. , 55 - 64.
Chicago KUBİLAY Neslihan S.,YILDIRIM Yücel,KARA Bilge,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR Hülya Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. (2011): 55 - 64.
MLA KUBİLAY Neslihan S.,YILDIRIM Yücel,KARA Bilge,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR Hülya Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. , 2011, ss.55 - 64.
AMA KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. . 2011; 55 - 64.
Vancouver KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. . 2011; 55 - 64.
IEEE KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H "Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation." , ss.55 - 64, 2011.
ISNAD KUBİLAY, Neslihan S. vd. "Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation". (2011), 55-64.
APA KUBİLAY N, YILDIRIM Y, KARA B, HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H (2011). Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 22(2), 55 - 64.
Chicago KUBİLAY Neslihan S.,YILDIRIM Yücel,KARA Bilge,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR Hülya Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon 22, no.2 (2011): 55 - 64.
MLA KUBİLAY Neslihan S.,YILDIRIM Yücel,KARA Bilge,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR Hülya Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, vol.22, no.2, 2011, ss.55 - 64.
AMA KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon. 2011; 22(2): 55 - 64.
Vancouver KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation. Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon. 2011; 22(2): 55 - 64.
IEEE KUBİLAY N,YILDIRIM Y,KARA B,HARUTOĞLU AKDUR H "Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation." Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, 22, ss.55 - 64, 2011.
ISNAD KUBİLAY, Neslihan S. vd. "Effect of balance training and posture exercises on functional level in mental retardation". Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon 22/2 (2011), 55-64.