Yıl: 2012 Cilt: 4 Sayı: 37 Sayfa Aralığı: 122 - 135 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü

Öz:
Dilin ve sözcüklerin yetersiz kaldığı durumlarda bireylerin iç dünyalarına ait duygu ve düşüncelerin anlamımetaforla dış dünyaya taşınmaktadır. Metafor soyut düşünmenin ve soyut olayları kavramanın arkasındakibaşlıca mekanizmadır. Metaforları sadece dolaylı anlatımı hedefleyen sözel ifadeler olarak gören gelenekselbakış açısının aksine; çağdaş yaklaşımlar metaforları kavramsal sistemin önemli ve bütünleyici bir parçasıolarak görmektedirler. Terapötik diyaloğun parçası olan metaforlar öznel gerçekliği doğrudan yansıttığı içinyapılandırmacı yaklaşımlar içinde önem kazanmıştır. Yaşantılardan kazanılan kişiye özgü bilgiler metaforlararacılığıyla soyut olarak kavramsal sisteme yerleştirilir. Kavramsal metafor sistemi çoğunlukla bilinçdışındaotomatik olarak oluşur ve birey dili kullandığı gibi farkına varmadan kavramsal metafor sistemini kullanır.Freud ve Jung’dan beri psikolojik danışmada metaforik dil kullanımı terapötik değeri olan önemli bir araçolarak görülmektedir. Danışanın kendini açmasını kolaylaştıran metaforlar zenginleştirici bir öğrenmekaynağı olarak terapötik çalışma uyumunu geliştirir ve işbirliğini destekler. Çalışmanın amacı kavramsalmetaforun psikolojik danışma sürecindeki işlevini tanıtmak ve terapötik metafor kullanımına ilişkin somutörnekler sunmaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda ilk olarak metafor kavramı ve kavramsal metaforun ne olduğuaçıklanmaktadır. Daha sonra, psikolojik danışma sürecinde metafor kullanımı, kuramsal zeminde metafor,metaforun terapötik kullanımı, grupla psikolojik danışma sürecinde metafor alt başlıklarıyla incelenmiştir.
Anahtar Kelime: psikoterapi psikolojik danışmanlık grup rehberliği örtük bilgi eğretileme psikolojik danışman-danışan ilişkisi psikolojik danışmanlar kavramsal metafor sistemi terapötik diyalog

Metaphor: The bridge between client and counselor

Öz:
Metaphors are used for the transfer of inner thoughts and feelings to outside when the wordsare insufficient. Metaphor is principal mechanism behind abstract thought and comprehension. Unlike thetraditional perspective that views the metaphors as linguistic expressions addressing indirect narrations,contemporary approaches views the metaphors as a significant and complementary part of the conceptualsystem. As a part of therapeutic dialogue metaphors has gained importance in constructivist approachesfor directly reflecting subjective reality. Subjective knowledge obtained through experiences is placedin conceptual system. Conceptual metaphor system is mostly embodied automatically at unconsciousand individual use the conceptual metaphor system unconsciously like language use. Metaphors havebeen important tools which has a therapeutic value since Freud and Jung. Metaphors as an enrichinglearning source which facilitate self-disclosure improve therapeutic alliance and collaboration. This studyaims to introduce the facilitative role of conceptual metaphor in counseling process and present concreteexamples regarding utilization of therapeutic metaphors. First, metaphor and conceptual metaphor wereexamined with abstract thinking and tacit knowledge. Later, the use of metaphor in counseling processwas discussed under the subtitles of metapfor in counseling theories, therapeutic use of metaphor andexamples of metaphors in group process in detail.
Anahtar Kelime: tacit knowledge metaphor psychological counseling relationship psychological counselors conceptual metaphor system therapeutic dialogue psychotherapy psychological counseling group counseling

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Diğer Erişim Türü: Bibliyografik
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APA Guloglu B, KARAIRMAK Ö (2012). Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. , 122 - 135.
Chicago Guloglu Berna,KARAIRMAK Özlem Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. (2012): 122 - 135.
MLA Guloglu Berna,KARAIRMAK Özlem Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. , 2012, ss.122 - 135.
AMA Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. . 2012; 122 - 135.
Vancouver Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. . 2012; 122 - 135.
IEEE Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö "Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü." , ss.122 - 135, 2012.
ISNAD Guloglu, Berna - KARAIRMAK, Özlem. "Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü". (2012), 122-135.
APA Guloglu B, KARAIRMAK Ö (2012). Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(37), 122 - 135.
Chicago Guloglu Berna,KARAIRMAK Özlem Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi 4, no.37 (2012): 122 - 135.
MLA Guloglu Berna,KARAIRMAK Özlem Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, vol.4, no.37, 2012, ss.122 - 135.
AMA Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 2012; 4(37): 122 - 135.
Vancouver Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 2012; 4(37): 122 - 135.
IEEE Guloglu B,KARAIRMAK Ö "Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü." Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4, ss.122 - 135, 2012.
ISNAD Guloglu, Berna - KARAIRMAK, Özlem. "Metafor: Danışan ve psikolojik danışman arasındaki köprü". Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi 4/37 (2012), 122-135.