Yıl: 2012 Cilt: 7 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 39 - 74 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz

Öz:
İnovasyon günümüzde sürekli büyüme ve reka-bet avantajı sağlamak için en temel faktör haline gelmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı inovasyonun nasıl ortaya çıktığını ve ortaya çıkışında hangi faktör-lerin etkili olduğunu ortaya koymaktır. Bu faktör-lerin gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyon sürecine etkisinin farklılaştığı ise bu çalışmanın hipotezini oluşturmaktadır. Bu yüzden gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkeler ayrı ayrı ele alınmıştır. Çalışmada kullanılan ülke örnekleri Dünya Bankası’nın kişi başına gayrisafi yurtiçi hasılaya (GSYİH) dayalı olarak sınıflandırdığı ülke gruplarından seçilmiştir. Oluşturulan inovasyon modeli 26 gelişmiş ülke ve 18 gelişmekte olan ülke açısından 1998-2007 dönemi için dinamik EKK yöntemi kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Yapılan teorik ve ampirik çalışma-lardan yola çıkılarak belirlenen bağımsız değişkenler kişi başına GSYİH, Ar-Ge harcamaları, beşeri sermaye, doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar (DYY), dışa açıklık ve fikri mülkiyet hakları olarak belirlenmiştir. Bağımlı değişken olan inovasyonu temsilen ise yerli patent sayıları kullanılmıştır.
Anahtar Kelime:

How is human resource management perceived in cognitive level? A metaphor-based evaluation

Öz:
Innovation is the main factor for continuous growth and obtaining advantage of competition todays. The aim of this study is to demonstrate how innovation occurs and which factors effec-tive on the mechanism of the emergence of innovation. The impact of factors in developed and developing countries differ in the process of innovation is the hypothesis of this study. There-fore, the developed and developing countries are inquired separately. The country samples used in this study are selected from the World Bank’s classification of countries depending on their per capita gross domestic incomes (GDP). The inno-vation model is examined with dynamic ordinary least squares method (DOLS) using the data of 26 developed and 18 developing countries for the period 1998-2007. By using the existing theorical and empirical studies, the independent variables are defined as per capita GDP, R&D expenditures, human capital, foreign direct investments, trade openness and intellectual property rights. The number of domestic patents, which represents innovation, is used as the dependent variable.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA TÜYLÜOĞLU Ş, SARAÇ Ş (2012). Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 7(1), 39 - 74.
Chicago TÜYLÜOĞLU Şevket,SARAÇ ŞENAY Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi 7, no.1 (2012): 39 - 74.
MLA TÜYLÜOĞLU Şevket,SARAÇ ŞENAY Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, vol.7, no.1, 2012, ss.39 - 74.
AMA TÜYLÜOĞLU Ş,SARAÇ Ş Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2012; 7(1): 39 - 74.
Vancouver TÜYLÜOĞLU Ş,SARAÇ Ş Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz. Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2012; 7(1): 39 - 74.
IEEE TÜYLÜOĞLU Ş,SARAÇ Ş "Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz." Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 7, ss.39 - 74, 2012.
ISNAD TÜYLÜOĞLU, Şevket - SARAÇ, ŞENAY. "Gelişmiş ve gelişmekte olan ülkelerde inovasyonun belirleyicileri: Ampirik bir analiz". Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi 7/1 (2012), 39-74.