Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region

Yıl: 2012 Cilt: 17 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 101 - 104 Metin Dili: İngilizce

Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region

Öz:
In this study, morphological and chemical characters were investigated in Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirtion genotypes collected from 24 different locations Middle Black Sea Region Turkey. The experiment was established in Samsun ecological conditions and carried out for two years (2009-2010). The investigated characters were; plant height, shoot number, main stem diameter, leaflet width and length, leaf number, inflorescence number, flower number per inflorescence, seed width and length, a thousand seed weight, dry matter yield, crude protein content, ADF, NDF, ADP values, ash, Ca, Mg, P, K, Fe, Zn and Mn contents. Only one cut was done in the first year as plant growth was relatively slow. Two cuts were performed in the second year due to greater regrowth ability. Plant height was 88.4 cm in 2009 and, was 80.5 and 74.2 cm for the first and second cutting in 2010 year. Main stem diameter in three cut in both years were recorded as 5.2 cm, 6.3 cm and 3.6 cm, respectively Chemical characters of the genotypes were examined in both leaves and stems, separately. Protein ratios in the leaves were found as 24.30%, 24.60% and 19.61%, respectively, These protein ratios remarkably decreased in the stems; 13.28%, 13.58% and 8.99%.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Fen > Ziraat > Ziraat Mühendisliği
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
  • Acar, Z., Ayan, İ., Gülser, C. Some morphological and nutritional properties of legumes under natural conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2001, 4(11): 1312- 1315.
  • Akçin, A.A., Akçin, A., Kutbay, G. A study on flora of Cakmak Dam and its surroundings (Carşamba, Samsun/Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 2010, 3(1), 28-44. Anonymous, http//www.antoloji.com/climate-change-2030. ( 07.13.2011).
  • Davis, P.H. Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands, Vol: 1-10, 1965-1988, Edinburg.
  • FAO. Bituminaria bituminosa C.H. Stirtion. http://www.fao.or/ag/AGP/agpc/doc/Gbase/new_species/ted era/bitbit.htm (01.01.2010).
  • Gülümser, E., Başaran, U., Acar, Z., Ayan, İ., Mut, H. Determination of some agronomic traits of Bituminaria bituminosa accessions collected from Middle Black Sea Region. Options Mediterraennes, 2010, no. 92, p. 105-108.
  • Gülümser, E. Characterization and determination of agricultural characterictics of Bituminaria bituminosa L. genotypes naturally grown at the Central Black Sea Region. 2011,
  • OMU Institute of Science, Master's Thesis (unpublished).
  • Hooker, J.D., Jackson, D., 1960. Index Kewensis An Enumeration of The Genera and Species of Flowering Plants. Vol. II. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 643-645.
  • Kacar, B., 1972. Plant and Soil Chemical Analysis. II. Plant Analysis. Ank. Univ. Zir. Faculty. Yay. No.: 453 Implementation Guide No.: 155 Ankara.
  • Kılınç, M., Kutbay, H.G., Akçin, A. Flora of Samsun and Surrounding Kocadağ. XIV. National Congress of Biology, September 7 to 10, 1998, Vol I, pp: 95-111, Samsun.
  • Mendez, P., Fernandez, M., 1990. Interest forage varieties of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirton (tedera) of the Canary Islands. In 'XXX Scientific Meeting of the Spanish Society for the study of pastures'. Donostia-San Sabastian p. 264-272
  • Pecetti, L., Tava, A., Pagnotta, MA., Russi, L. Variation in forage quality and chemical composition among Italian accessions of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, . 2007, 87. 985-991.
  • Peters, A. and Korkmaz, H. Gorge, Reservoir area Altınkaya, Sahinkaya, Bafra the region between the Dam Body (Down Reservoir Area), and Flora I. Surroundings of the road X. National Congress of Biology. July 18 to 20, 1990, Erzurum.
  • Sabancı C.O., Baytekin H., Balabanlı C., Acar Z. Opportunities for increasing forage crops production. Turkey Agricultural Engineering VII. Technical Conference, 11-15 January, Ankara, 2010, p. 343-360.
  • Ventura, M.R., Flores, M.P., Castanon, J.I.R. Nutritive value of forage shrubs: Bituminaria bituminosa. Acacia salicina and Medicago arborea. In 'Cahiers Options Mediterraneennes. 1999, 39: 171-173.
  • Ventura, M.R., Castanon, J.I.R., Pieltain, M.C., Flores, M.P. Nutritive value of forage shrubs: Bituminaria bituminosa, Rumexlunaria, Acacia salicina, Cassia sturtii and Adenocarpus foliosus. Small Rumin. 2004, Res. 52, 13–18.
  • Walker, D.J., Bernal, M.P., Correal. E., 2007. The influence of heavy metals and mineral nutrient supply on Bituminaria bituminosa. Water Air Soil Pollut. 184. 335–345.
APA GÜLÜMSER E, ACAR Z (2012). Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 17(2), 101 - 104.
Chicago GÜLÜMSER ERDEM,ACAR ZEKİ Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 17, no.2 (2012): 101 - 104.
MLA GÜLÜMSER ERDEM,ACAR ZEKİ Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, vol.17, no.2, 2012, ss.101 - 104.
AMA GÜLÜMSER E,ACAR Z Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 2012; 17(2): 101 - 104.
Vancouver GÜLÜMSER E,ACAR Z Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 2012; 17(2): 101 - 104.
IEEE GÜLÜMSER E,ACAR Z "Morphological and chemical characters of Bituminaria bituminosa (l) c.h. (stirtion) grown naturally in the Middle Black Sea Region." Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 17, ss.101 - 104, 2012.