Yıl: 2013 Cilt: 14 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 1 - 28 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature

Öz:
Kadının ev ile ilişkisi yirminci yüzyılın ikinci yarısında feminizmin toplumsal cinsiyet rolleri ve ideolojileri ile mekân arasındaki bağları çözümlemek üzere ürettiği tartışmalarda önemli bir alt başlık olagelmiştir. Batılı feminist yazarlar ev mekânını kadının ezildiği, kimliğinin toplum tarafından onun için tanımlanan kimliklerle sınırlandırıldığı bir yer olarak görmüş, kadının kendi kimliğini bulabilmesi için evi ve ev ile ilişkili rollerini terk etmesi gerektiğini savunmuşlardır. Bu yazıda, feminist yazında eve karşı geliştirilen bu olumsuz tutum feminizmin kadının kimliğini yeniden kurma çabası üzerinden çözümlenmektedir. Yazı, yine feminizmin içinden yükselen karşı seslere referansla, feminizmde kadın ve ev arasındaki ilişki üzerine kadının kimliği açısından daha olumlu bir kavramsallaştırmanın mümkün olup olmadığını tartışmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Kadın, ev ve kimliğin sorgulanması: Feminist yayına eleştirel bakış

Öz:
Much ink has been spilled over the association of women with the material and imaginary geographies of the home. In this paper, I will discuss this association with reference to the feminist literature on the home, which, in the second half of the last century, produced a fascinating critique of the home as part of a larger debate on the connection between space and place and the construction of gender relations and ideologies. I will focus particularly on how the problem of the home in feminism has been defined as one of identity, referring to some key works in feminist literature that have put forward notions of the home as a place that women have to leave behind if they are to find their identities beyond those imposed upon them by society at large. In doing this, I will also give voice to criticisms that have been raised from within feminism itself against a totally negative depiction of the home, and discuss whether it is possible to envisage a more positive image of the home in feminism in relation to women s identities.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
  • Allan G. & Crow G. (1989). ‘Introduction’, Home and Family: Creating the Domestic Sphere. Houndmills: Palgrave.
  • Ardener S. 1993 (1981). Ground Rules and Social Maps for Women: An Introduction. In Ardener S. (Ed), Women and Space: Ground Rules and Social Maps. Oxford: Berg : 1-30.
  • bell hooks. (1990). Yearning: Race, Gender and Cultural Politics. Boston: South End Press.
  • Benhabib S. (1992). Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. New York: Routledge.
  • Bermann M. (1982). All That is Solid Melts in the Air: The Experience of Modernity. London: Penguin.
  • Blunt A. (2005). Cultural geography: Cultural Geographies of Home. Progress in Human Geography 29(4): 505-515.
  • Blunt A. & Rose G. (1994). Introduction: Women’s Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies. In Blunt A. & Rose G. (Dds), Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies. New York: Guilford Press: 1-28.
  • Blunt A. & Dowling R. (2006). Home. London: Routledge.
  • Boys et al. (1984). House Design and Women's Roles. In Matrix (Eds.), Making Space: Women and the Man-Made Environment. London, Pluto.
  • Casey E. (1993). Getting Back into Place: Toward a Renewed Understanding of the Place- World. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
  • Chambers I. (1994). Migrancy, Culture and Identity. London: Routledge. Chodorow N. (1974). Family Structure and Feminine Personality. In Rosaldo M. & Lamphere L. (Eds), Woman, Culture, and Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press: 43-66.
  • Davidoff L., L'Esperance J. & Newby H. (1976). Landscape with Figures: Home and Community in English Society. In Mitchell J. & Oakley A. (Eds.), The Rights and Wrongs of Women. Harmondsworth: Penguin: 139-175.
  • Davidoff L. & Hall C. (1987). Family Fortunes. London: Hutchinson. de Beauvoir S. (1952). The Second Sex. New York: Random House. de Lauretis T. (1990). Eccentric Subjects: Feminist Theory and Historical Consciousness. Feminist Studies 16(1): 115-150.
  • Domosh M. (1998). Geography and Gender: Home, Again? Progress in Human Geography 22: 276-82.
  • Domosh M. & Seager J. (2001). Putting Women in Place: Feminist Geographers Make Sense of the World. London: The Guilford Press.
  • Dovey K. (1985). Home and Homelessness. In Altman I. & Werner C. M. (Eds), Home Environments. New York and London: Plenum Press: 33-64.
  • Douglas M. (1966, 1984). Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. London: Routledge.
  • Friedan B. (1963, 1983). The Feminine Mystique. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Gilligan C. (1982). In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge: Harward University Press.
  • Goffman E. (1979). Gender Advertisements. London: Macmillan.
  • Goldsack L. (1999). A Haven in a Heartless Home? Women and Domestic Violence. In Chapman T. and Hockey J. (Eds), Ideal homes? : Social change and domestic life. London: Routledge: 121-132.
  • Hall C. 1992. White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History. Cambridge: Polity Press. Harvey, D. (1990) Between Space and Time: Reflections on the Geographical Imagination. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 80: 418–34.
  • Hayden D. (1982). The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes, Neighbourhoods, and Cities. Cambridge: MIT Press. Heller A. (1995). Where Are We at Home? Thesis Eleven 41: 1-18.
  • Heynen H. & Baydar G. (Eds.) (2005). Negotiating Domesticity: Spatial Productions of Gender in Modern Architecture. Routledge: New York. Honig B. (1994). Difference, Dilemmas and the Politics of Home. Social Research 61(3): 563-97.
  • Hunt P. (1989). Gender and the Construction of Home Life. In Allan G. & Crow G. (Eds.), Home and Family: Creating the Domestic Sphere. Houndmills: Palgrave: 66-81.
  • Johnson L. (1996). ‘As housewives we are worms’: Women, Modernity and the Home question. Cultural Studies 10(3): 449-463.
  • Johnson L. & Lloyd J. (2004). Sentenced to Everyday Life: Feminism and the Housewife. Oxford: Berg.
  • Kaplan C. (1996). Questions of Travel: Postmodern Discourses of Displacement.
  • Durham: Duke University Press. Kılıçkıran D. (2003). Féminisme et Sens de L’espace Domestique dans le Cas de Femmes Déplacées. In Collignon B. B. & Stazsak J. (Eds.), Espaces Domestiques - Construire, Aménager, Representer, Paris: Bréal: 354-369.
  • Kılıçkıran D. (2010). Gitmeli mi, Kalmalı mı? Feminizmde Ev Üzerine Çeşitlemeler. In Turan B. (Der.), Cinsiyet ve Mimarlık, Dosya no.19. Ankara: Mimarlar Odası Ankara Şubesi: 43-5.
  • Lamphere L. (1993). The Domestic Sphere of Women and the Public World of Men: The Strengths and Limitations of an Anthropological Dichotomy. In Brettell C. B. and C. Sargent (eds), Gender in Cross-cultural Perspective. New Jersey: Prentice Hall: 67-77.
  • Madigan R. & Munro M. (1991). Gender, House and ‘Home’: Social Meanings and Domestic Architecture in Britain. Journal of Architecture and Planning Research 8: 116-131.
  • Martin B. & Mohanty C. T. (1986). Feminist Politics: What’s Home Got to Do with It? In de Lauretis T. (Ed), Feminist Studies/Cultural Studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 191-212.
  • Massey D. (1991). ‘A global Sense of Place’. Marxism Today, June: 24-29.
  • Massey D. (1992). A Place Called Home?, New Formations 17: 3-15. Massey D. (1993). Politics and Space/Tim. In Keith M. & Pile S. (Eds), Place and the Politics of Identity. London: Routledge: 139-159.
  • Massey D. (1994a). Space, Place and Gender. Cambridge: Polity Press. Massey D. (1994b). Double Articulation: A Place in the World. In Bammer A. (Ed), Displacements. Cultural Identities in Question. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 110-122.
  • MacKenzie S. & Rose D. (1983). Industrial Change, the Domestic Economy and Home Life. In Anderson J., Duncan S. & Hudson R. (Eds), Reduntant Spaces in Cities and Regions. London: Academic Press: 155-201.
  • Mallett S. (2004). Understanding Home: A Critical Review of the Literature. The Sociological Review 52(1): 62-89.
  • Matrix (1984). Making Space: Women and the Man-Made Environment. London: Pluto Press.
  • McDowell L. (1983). City and Home: Urban Housing and the Sexual Division of Space. In Evans M. & Ungerson C. (Eds.), Sexual Divisions: Patterns and Processes. London: Tavistock: 142-163.
  • McDowell L. (1999). Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Millett K. (1977). Sexual Politics. London: Virago.
  • Moore H. (1988). Feminism and Anthropology. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Oakley A. (1974). Housewife. London: Allen Lane.
  • Ortner S. (1974). Is Female to Male as Nature is to Culture? In Rosaldo M. & Lamphere L. (eds), Woman, Culture, and Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press: 67-88.
  • Pratt G. (1999). Geographies of identity and difference: Marking boundaries. In Massey D., Allen J. & P. Sarre (eds), Human Geography Today. Cambridge: Polity Press: 151-167.
  • Pratt M. B. (1984). Identity: Skin Blood Heart. In Bulkin E., Bruce Pratt M., Smiths B.(Eds), Yours in Struggle: Three Feminist Perspectives on Anti-Semitism and Racism. New York: Long Haul Press: 11-63.
  • Rapport N. & Dawson A. (1998). The Topic and the Book. In Rapport N. & Dawson A. (Eds), Migrants of Identity: Perceptions of Home in a World of Movement. Oxford: Berg: 3-17.
  • Relph E. (1976). Place and Placelessness. London: Pion.
  • Rosaldo M. (1974). Woman, Culture and Society: A Theoretical Overview. In Rosaldo M. & Lamphere L. (Eds), Woman, Culture, and Society. Stanford: Stanford University Press: 17-42.
  • Rose G. (1993). Feminism and Geography: The Limits of Geographical Knowledge. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Spitzer D. et al. (2003). Caregiving in Transnational Context: “My Wings have been Cut; Where Can I Fly?” Gender & Society, 17(2): 267-286.
  • Walter B. (2001). Outsiders Inside: Whiteness, Place and Irish Women. London: Routledge.
  • Wardhaugh J. (1999). The Unaccommodated Woman: Home, Homelessness and Identity. Sociological Review 47(1): 91-109.
  • Wilson E. (1991). The Sphinx in the City. London: Virago.
  • Wolff J. (1990). Feminine Sentences: Essays on Women and Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Yeoh B. S. A. & Huang S. (2000). “Home” and “Away”: Foreign Domestic Workers and Negotiations of Diasporic Identity in Singapore. Women’s Studies International Forum 23(4): 413-429.
  • Young I. M. (2001). House and home: Feminist Variations on a Theme. In Holland N. J. & Huntington P. (Eds.), Feminist Interpretations of Martin Heidegger. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania University Press: 252-288.
  • Yuval-Davis N. (1997). Gender & Nation. London: Sage.
APA KILIÇKIRAN D (2013). Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature. Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi, 14(1), 1 - 28.
Chicago KILIÇKIRAN DİDEM Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature. Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi 14, no.1 (2013): 1 - 28.
MLA KILIÇKIRAN DİDEM Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature. Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.14, no.1, 2013, ss.1 - 28.
AMA KILIÇKIRAN D Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature. Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2013; 14(1): 1 - 28.
Vancouver KILIÇKIRAN D Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature. Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2013; 14(1): 1 - 28.
IEEE KILIÇKIRAN D "Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature." Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi, 14, ss.1 - 28, 2013.
ISNAD KILIÇKIRAN, DİDEM. "Woman, home, and the question of ıdentity: A critical review of feminist literature". Kadın/Woman 2000 - Kadın Araştırmaları Dergisi 14/1 (2013), 1-28.