Yıl: 2012 Cilt: 31 Sayı: 4 Sayfa Aralığı: 76 - 81 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches

Öz:
Bu çalışmanın amacı, farklı branşlarda yer alan sporcular ve aynı yaş grubundaki sedanterlerde spor yapmanın ve spor türünün akciğer fonksiyonları üzerinde etkisi olup olmadığını araştırmaktır. Çalışma Samsun bölgesinde yaşları 15-16 olan lisanslı olarak müsabakalara katılan erkek sporcular üzerinde yapılmıştır. Takım sporlarından futbol, voleybol, basketbol ve hentbol branşlarından 50’şer sporcu ayrıca 50 sedanter olmak üzere toplam 250 kişi çalışmaya katılmıştır. Solunum fonksiyon testlerinden vital kapasite (VC), zorlu vital kapasite (FVC) ve maksimum istemli ventilasyon (MVV) değerleri ölçülmüştür. Ölçümler sonucunda sedanterlerin VC değerleri futbol ve hentbol sporu ile uğraşanlardan daha düşük bulunmuştur (p<0.01). Hentbolcuların VC değeri futbolcu, voleybolcu, basketbolcu ve sedanterlerden yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir (p<0.05 ve p<0.01). FVC değerleri incelendiğinde öncelikle hentbolcu, futbolcu ve basketbolcuların sedanterlere göre anlamlı derecede daha yüksek değerlere sahip oldukları tespit edilmiştir (p<0.01). Branşlar arasındaki karşılaştırmada voleybolcuların FVC değeri futbol ve hentbolculardan anlamlı derecede düşük bulunmuştur (p<0.01). FEV1 değeri futbol ve hentbolcuların voleybolculara ve sedanterlere göre anlamlı derecede yüksek bulunmuştur (p<0.01). MVV değerleri incelendiğinde futbolcuların voleybolcu ve sedanterlerden daha yüksek değerlere sahip olduğu görülmüştür (p<0.01). Hentbolcuların MVV sonuçları sedanterlerden anlamlı derecede yüksek bulunmuştur (p<0.05). Dakikadaki solunum sayılarına (RR) bakıldığında denekler arasında anlamlı bir fark bulunamamıştır (p>0.05). Sonuç olarak solunum fonksiyonlarının spor yapan bireylerde spor yapmayanlardan daha yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Farklı branşlarla uğraşan sporcuların solunum parametrelerinin spor yapmayan gruptan yüksek çıkması antrenmanın solunum sistemi üzerindeki olumlu etkisini göstermektedir. Ayrıca branşlar arasında solunum fonksiyonlarının farklılık göstermesi yapılan spor branşının solunum kapasitesini etkilediğini göstermektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları Spor Bilimleri

Türkiye Batı Anadolu’daki tamamlanmış intiharların psikolojik ve sosyal görünümü: Bir vaka kontrol psikolojik otopsi çalışması

Öz:
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı tamamlanmış intihar oranlarını incelemek ve tamamlanmış intihar riskini artırabilecek ilişkili psikolojik ve sosyal faktörleri araştırmaktır. Yöntem: Ocak 2009 - Kasım 2010 tarihleri arasında Denizli’deki tüm erişkin intihar vakaları incelendi. Vakaların yakınları ile adli dosya incelemesi sonrasında vakayı detaylandırmak ve intiharla ilişkili risk faktörlerini değerlendirmek amaçlı görüşme planlandı. Elli üç vakanın %35.9’unun (n=19) yakınları ile görüşme yapılamadı, %50.9’unun (n=27) yakınları ile telefonla görüşüldü, %13.2’sinin (n=7) yakınları ile ise yüz yüze görüşüldü. Sağlıklı kontroller Denizli’deki 14 birinci basamak sağlık merkezi kayıtlarından rasgele seçildi. Otuz bir kontrol grubu bireyi vaka grubu ile benzer çevre ve sosyal kökendendi. Bulgular: Vakaların %13.2’si (n=7) kadın, %86.8’i (n=46) erkekti. Ortalama yaş 41.57±15.33 yıl olarak bulundu. Kontrol grubunda ortalama yaş ise 42.84±16.98 yıl olarak tespit edildi (p=0.725). Bu çalışmanın sonuçları psikiyatrik hastalık öyküsü, önceki intihar girişimleri, alkol kullanım öyküsü, stresli yaşam olayları, sosyal destek/iletişim yokluğunun intihar ile ilişkili olduğunu gösterdi. Sonuç: Klinik ve psikososyal faktörler; psikiyatrik hastalık öyküsü, işsizlik, finansal ve ilişki problemleri intihar riskini artırmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları Spor Bilimleri

A Psychological and Social Perspective on Completed Suicides in Western Anatolia, Turkey: a Case- Control Psychological Autopsy Study

Öz:
Objective: Aim of this study was an evaluation of the completed suicide rate as well as exploring whatassociated psychological and social factors might have increased the risk of death from suicide.Method: The study examines all adult suicide cases in the Province of Denizli that occurred betweenJanuary 2009 and December 2010. In addition to examining the judicial files, interviews were conductedwith the suicide victims’ relatives to elaborate the cases and evaluate the risk factors for suicide. For19 of 53 suicide victims (35.9%), no interviews were conducted; telephone interviews were carried outwith relatives of 27 of the victims (50.9%), and face-to-face interviews were held with relatives of 7 ofthe subjects (13.2%). Healthy controls were randomly chosen from the registers of 14 Denizli primaryhealthcare centers. The 31 control individuals were from a similar geographic area and socialbackgrounds as the case group.Results: Of the cases, 13.2% (n=7) were female, while 86.8% (n=46) were male. The mean age was41.57±15.33 years. The total mean age of the control group was 42.84±16.98 years (p=0.725). The resultsof this study showed that a history of psychiatric disorder, prior suicide attempts, a history of alcoholabuse, stressful life events, and lack of social support/interaction were associated with suicide.Conclusion: Clinical and psychosocial factors such as a history of psychiatric disorder, unemployment,and financial or relationship problems increase the risk of suicide.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları Spor Bilimleri

Farklı branşlarla uğraşan sporcuların solunum fonksiyonlarının karşılaştırılması

Öz:
The purpose of this study was to research pulmonary functions of sedentary males and athletes in different team sports branches in the same age group. This study was conducted on male athletes in 15-16 age group who participate in matches with license in Samsun. 50 athletes from each of the team sports of football, volleyball, basketball and handball players and 50 sedentary males participated as well; being in total 250 athletes. Among respiratory functions tests; vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) values were measured. As a result of the measurements VC values of sedentary males were lower than football and handball players (p<0.01). It was determined that VC values of handball players was higher than football, volleyball, basketball players and sedentary males (p<0.05 and p<0.01). When FVC values were analyzed, first of all it was determined that handball, football and basketball players have significantly higher values compared to sedentary males (p<0.01). In the comparison between branches FVC values of volleyball players were significantly lower than football and handball players (p<0.01). FEV1 values were significantly higher among football and handball players compared to volleyball players and sedentary males (p<0.01). When MVV values were analyzed, it was observed that football players have higher values compared to volleyball and sedentary males (p<0.01). MVV results of handball players were significantly higher than sedentary males (p<0.05). When the respiratory rates (RR) were analyzed, it was determined that values were not significantly different between subjects (p>0.05). As a conclusion, it was determined that respiratory functions were higher among individuals who do exercise compared to those who do not. That the respiratory parameters of athletes doing exercise are higher than those who do not shows the positive effect of training on respiratory system. In addition to this, the difference of respiratory functions between branches shows that the sport branch influences the respiratory capacity.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları Spor Bilimleri
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA ATAN T, KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N, AKYOL P, TOKER UĞURLU T, ÇEBİ M, Acar K, ATEŞCİ F (2012). Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. , 76 - 81.
Chicago ATAN TÜLİN,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU NALAN,AKYOL Pelin,TOKER UĞURLU TUĞÇE,ÇEBİ MEHMET,Acar Kemalettin,ATEŞCİ FERİDE FİGEN Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. (2012): 76 - 81.
MLA ATAN TÜLİN,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU NALAN,AKYOL Pelin,TOKER UĞURLU TUĞÇE,ÇEBİ MEHMET,Acar Kemalettin,ATEŞCİ FERİDE FİGEN Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. , 2012, ss.76 - 81.
AMA ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. . 2012; 76 - 81.
Vancouver ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. . 2012; 76 - 81.
IEEE ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F "Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches." , ss.76 - 81, 2012.
ISNAD ATAN, TÜLİN vd. "Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches". (2012), 76-81.
APA ATAN T, KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N, AKYOL P, TOKER UĞURLU T, ÇEBİ M, Acar K, ATEŞCİ F (2012). Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi, 31(4), 76 - 81.
Chicago ATAN TÜLİN,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU NALAN,AKYOL Pelin,TOKER UĞURLU TUĞÇE,ÇEBİ MEHMET,Acar Kemalettin,ATEŞCİ FERİDE FİGEN Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi 31, no.4 (2012): 76 - 81.
MLA ATAN TÜLİN,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU NALAN,AKYOL Pelin,TOKER UĞURLU TUĞÇE,ÇEBİ MEHMET,Acar Kemalettin,ATEŞCİ FERİDE FİGEN Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi, vol.31, no.4, 2012, ss.76 - 81.
AMA ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi. 2012; 31(4): 76 - 81.
Vancouver ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches. Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi. 2012; 31(4): 76 - 81.
IEEE ATAN T,KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU N,AKYOL P,TOKER UĞURLU T,ÇEBİ M,Acar K,ATEŞCİ F "Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches." Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi, 31, ss.76 - 81, 2012.
ISNAD ATAN, TÜLİN vd. "Comparison of respiratory functions of athletes engaged in different sports branches". Selçuk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilim Dergisi 31/4 (2012), 76-81.