Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan

Yıl: 2014 Cilt: 2 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 18 - 37 Metin Dili: Türkçe
hred

Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan

Öz:
Hayvansal üretimin en önemli endüstriyel alanlarından biri olan ruminant yetiştiriciliğinde başarı; teorik besleme prensipleri, pratik yetiştirici bilgileri, hayvan sağlığı ve hayvan sayısına bağlıdır. Yüksek verimli hayvanların ve özellikle süt ineklerinin çok sayıda besin maddesine duydukları gereksinmelerin ve bunlar arasındaki dengelerin sınırlı sayıda yemle sağlanmasının olanaksız olduğu, besleme olayında salt besin madde gereksinmesi karşılamanın yeterli olmadığı, bunlar arasındaki oran veya dengelerin de mutlaka dikkate alınması gerektiği günümüzün tartışmasız bir gerçeğidir. Ruminant hayvanların et ve özellikle süt üretiminde gözlenen kayda değer artış tesadüf değil, genetik ilerleme yanında besleme, yem ve yem teknolojisindeki gelişme ile de yakından ilişkilidir. Yem, yem teknolojisi ve hayvan besleme çalışmaları, ekonomik kriterler, sürdürülebilirlik ve ürün kalitesi ile ilişkili olarak son on yılda önemli aşamalar kaydetmiştir. Mevcut çalışma kapsamında, yem kaynakları ve yem teknolojisi, mineraller, vitaminler ve amino asitler, yem katkı maddeleri (antibiyotiklere alternatif büyüme uyarıcılar, rumen modülatörleri, alternatif yem katkıları, sindirime yardımcı eksojen enzimler, bitkisel ekstraktlar, toksin bağlayıcılar ve diğer etkicil maddeler), besleme-ürün (et-süt-döl) kalitesi ve fonksiyonel gıda üretimi (süt ve et), besleme-üreme performansı, besleme-hayvan sağlığı, besleme-çevre sıcaklığı, besleme-küresel ısınma konuları incelenmiştir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Fen > Ziraat > Ziraat Mühendisliği
Fen > Mühendislik > Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi

Recent Advances in Ruminant Nutrition

Öz:
One of the most industrialized animal production branches of ruminant production successfully requires a blending of theoretical knowledge of nutritional principles with practical stockmanship, maintaining health and dealing with numbers. It is well known that high yielding, dairy cows, require balanced diet with adequate nutrients for yielding. This is not provided with only a few feedstuffs. Milk production in dairy cows is related to the improvements in genetic merit of farm animals and also developments in feed science, feed technology and animal nutrition. In particular, feeds and feed technology studies associated with sustainability, economical perspectives and product quality in the last decade have been in advance. In the present work, recent advances in feed sources and feed technology, minerals (macro and trace minerals ), vitamins and amino acids, feed additives (antibiotics alternative growth stimulants, rumen modulator, organic acids, antioxidants, enzymes, plant extracts), nutrition-products (meat-milk-progeny) quality and functional food production (milk, meat) nutrition-reproduction, nutrition-animal health, nutrition-environmental temperature, nutrition-global warming were evaluated.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Fen > Ziraat > Ziraat Mühendisliği
Fen > Mühendislik > Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA SERBESTER U, KUTLU R (2014). Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan. Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi, 2(1), 18 - 37.
Chicago SERBESTER UĞUR,KUTLU Rüştü Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan. Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi 2, no.1 (2014): 18 - 37.
MLA SERBESTER UĞUR,KUTLU Rüştü Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan. Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi, vol.2, no.1, 2014, ss.18 - 37.
AMA SERBESTER U,KUTLU R Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan. Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi. 2014; 2(1): 18 - 37.
Vancouver SERBESTER U,KUTLU R Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan. Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi. 2014; 2(1): 18 - 37.
IEEE SERBESTER U,KUTLU R "Ruminant Beslemede Son Gelişmeler Hasan." Türk Tarım - Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji dergisi, 2, ss.18 - 37, 2014.