Yıl: 2014 Cilt: 2 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 54 - 69 Metin Dili: İngilizce İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA

Öz:
The smart city strategy is an inevitable trend in the future development of Chinese cities. The smart tourism city is an important part and a practical attempt of the smart city strategy. The China National Tourism Administration has officially announced "Beautiful China: 2014 Year of Smart Travel" as tourism theme. Thus, huge development opportunities are in store for the future of smart tourism. This strategy attempts to combine the Internet of Things (IoT) technology with the development of the smart tourism industry and smart tourism cities. Many Chinese scholars stated their ideas on the technological structure of IoT and the extension of smart tourism industries. At the same time, many Chinese cities have attempted to combine IoT and smart tourism. There is a trend of embedding Application of Tourism IoT in China's Scenic Spots. Smart tourism should build an IoT information technology public platform, covering service management to marketing management. The emerging smart tourism industry fits China's economic growth and industrial transformation. Based on these developments, this research determines the current status and development potential of smart tourism in China, and offers recommendations for their applications in China.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Otelcilik, Konaklama, Spor ve Turizm
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Atzori, L., Iera, A., & Morobito, G. (2010). The Internet of Things: A Survey. Computer Networks, 54(15), 2787-2805.
  • Ashton, K. (2009). That "Internet of Things" Thing, RFID Journal, 22(7), 97-114.
  • Braun, P., & Hollick, M. (2006). Tourism Skills Delivery: Sharing Tourism Knowledge Online. Education Training, 48(9), 693-703.
  • Chang, S., Li, G., & Huang, T. (2011). Information Infrastructure for Smart Summer Palace Based on The Internet of Things. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 9, 22-25.
  • Chen, C., & Zhou, Q. (2010). A Study on IOT Technology in Upgrading Traditional Industries. Journal of Hangzhou Dianzi University (Social Sciences), 6(4), 1-6.
  • Chen, H., Cui, L., & Xie, K. (2013). A Comparative Study on Architectures and Implementation Methodologies of The Internet of Things. Chinese Journal of Computers, 36(1), 168-188.
  • Chen, Z. (2013). Design of Real-Time Positioning System Based on RSSI Ranging and The Internet of Things Technology. Computer Measurement and Control, 21(7), 1993-1995.
  • China Electronics Standardization Institute (CESI). (2009). Standardization and Application of Sensor Networks in China. Beijing: China Electronics Standardization Institute.
  • Cho, M., & Jang, S. (2008). Information Value Structure for Vacation Travel. Journal of travel research, 47(1), 72-83.
  • Commission of the European Communities (CEC). (2009). The Internet of Things-An Action Plan for Europe, COM 278 final. Brussels, EC Publication, 6,1-16.
  • Dang, A., Zhang, D., & Chen, Y. (2011). Study on the Essential Concept and General Framework of Smart Famous Scenic Site. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 9, 15-21.
  • Deng, X., & Zhang, X. (2012). The Research of Overall Architecture about Intelligent Tourism in Nanjing. Tourism Forum, 5(5), 72-76.
  • Dikaiakos, M. D., Katsaros, D., Mehra P., Pallis, G., & Vakali, A. (2009). Cloud Computing: Distributed Internet Computing for IT and scientific research. IEEE Internet Computing Magazine, 13(5), 10-13.
  • Ding, F. (2012). A Study on Smart Tourism and Development Countermeasures in China. China Urban Economy, 1, 32-34.
  • Du, J. (2012). Construction about Intelligent Tourism Public Service Platform with Mobile Communication and The Internet of things. Tourism Tribune, 27(9), 8.
  • Formica, S., & Kothari, T. (2008). Strategic Destination Planning: Analyzing the Future of Tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 46(4), 355-367.
  • Gomez, C., & Paradells, J. (2010). Wireless Home Automation Networks: A Survey of Architectures and Technologies. Consumer Communications and Networking, 6, 92-101.
  • Gretzel, U. (2011). Intelligent Systems in Tourism: A Social Science Perspective[J]. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(3), 757-779.
  • Guinard, D., Trifa, V., Karnouskos, S., Spiess, P., & Savio, D. (2010). Interacting with the SOA-based Internet of Things: Discovery, Query, Selection, and On-Demand Provisioning of Web Services. IEEE Transactions on Service Oriented Computing, 3(3), 223-235.
  • Guo, J. (2011). The Application of the Scenic Spots with The Internet of Things Technology. Management and Administration, 8, 70-71.
  • Guo, X. (2010). Research on Digital Tourism Engineering Based on G/S Model and Its Evaluation Technology. Chengdu University of Technology, 47-60.
  • Han, K., Wang, J., & Bo, J. (2012). Research on Ecotourism Management Model Based on Qinhuangdao. Market Modernization, 6, 61.
  • Hu, W., Wang, X., Kan, A., Gao, S., Li, Y., Li, Z., & Zeng, W. (2013). Design and Implementation of Tourist Security Monitoring Information Service Station Based on The Internet of Things. Measurement and Control Technology, 32(6), 136-139.
  • Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2011). Research on Smart Tourism System under the background of Twelfth Five-year Period Smart city. China`s Tourism Research Annual Conference, 55-68.
  • Jin, W. (2012). The Construction of Smart Tourism and Tourism Public Service System. Tourism Tribune, 27(2), 5-6.
  • Kenteris, M., Gavalas, D., & Economou, D. (2009). An Innovative Mobile Electronic Tourist Guide Application. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing,13(2), 103-118.
  • Koshizuka, N., & Sakamura, K. (2010). Ubiquitous ID: Standards for the Internet of Things. IEEE Pervasive Computing, 9(4), 98-101.
  • Lee, I., & Lee, B. (2010). An Investment Evaluation of Supply Chain RFID Technologies: A Normative Modeling Approach. International Journal of Production Economics, 125(2), 313-323.
  • Li, F. (2014). The Interview with Wei Houkai (Urban Development and Environment Institute of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences): China will complete the urbanization in 2050. China Economic Weekly, 3, 26-28.
  • Li, H., Gao, Y., & Zhao, X. (2011). Research on Digital Scenic Area with Smart Transformation. Intelligent Building and City Information, 7, 112-113.
  • Li, J., Zhang, C., & Li, H. (2012). Research on Smart Cities Development and Evaluation. Telecommunications Network Technology, 1, 1-5.
  • Lin, R. (2013). Research Review of Smart Tourism in China. Tourism Overview, 3, 11-13.
  • Liu, J. (2012). A Study of Public Service Platform of Wisdom Tourism in Changzhou. Journal of Central South University of Forestry and Technology (Social Sciences), 6(5),22-24.
  • Liu, J., & Fan, Y. (2011). The Form, Value and Development Trend of Intelligent Tourism. Chonqing Social Sciences, 10, 121-124.
  • Liu, Y. (2012). The Pattern Analysis of Tourism Innovation Evolution with The Internet of Things. Journal of Management, 25(5), 75-79.
  • Lu,Y., Zhang, Y., Yang, L.T., & Ning, H. (2008). The Internet of Things: From RFID to the Next Generation Pervasive Network Systems. New York: Auerbach Publications, 32-45.
  • Ma, L. J. C., & Wu, F. (2005). Restructuring the Chinese City: Changing Society, Economy and Space. Routledge Press, Taylor and Francis Group, 34-51.
  • Ma, X., Ma, B., Liu, J., & Yang, Y. (2012). Analysis of the IOT Applications in Western Area of China-Take the Application Status of Ningxia Chongqing and Yunnan for Example. Journal of MUC (Natural Sciences), 21(2), 49-55.
  • MacKay, K., & Vogt, C. (2012). Information Technology in Everyday and Vacation Contexts. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(3), 1380-1401.
  • Mayer-Schonberger, V., & Cukier, K. (2013). Big Data: A Revolution that will Transform How We live, Work and Think. New York: John Murray, 20-39.
  • McCartney, G., Butler, R., & Bennett, M. (2008). A Strategic Use of the Communication Mix in the Destination Image-Formation Process. Journal of Travel Research, 47(2), 183-196.
  • Ning, H., & Xu, Q. (2010). Research on Global Internet of Things Developments and it`s Construction in China. Acta Electronica Sinica, 38(11), 2590-2599.
  • Ning, H., Zhang, Y., Liu, F., Liu, W., & Qu, S. (2006). Research on China Internet of Things` Services and Management. Acta Electronica Sinica, 34(12A), 2514-2517.
  • Owaied, H.H., Farhan, H.A., Al-Hawamdeh, N., & Al-Okialy, N. (2011). A Model for Intelligent Tourism Guide System. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2, 342-347.
  • Salasin, J., & Madni, A.M. (2007). Metrics for Sevice-Oriented Architecture (SOA) System: What developers should know. Journal of Integrated Design and Process Science, 11(2), 55-71.
  • Sarma, S., Brock, D., & Ashton, K. (2000). The Networked Physical World: Proposals for Engineering Automatic-Identification, White Paper Auto-ID center, (MIT-AUTOID-WH-001), 10, Generation of Computing, Commerce, and 1-16.
  • Shao, Z., Zhang, X., Ma, J., & Deng, G. (2010). The Management of Wisdom Scenic Based on Internet of Things in Jiuzhaigou. Geomatics World, 10(5), 12-16.
  • Shelby, Z. (2010). Embedded Web Services. IEEE Wireless Communications, 17(6), 52-57.
  • Shen, S., Fan, Q., Zong, P.,Mao, Y., & Huang, W. (2009). Study on the Architecture and Associated Technologies for Internet of Things. Journal of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 29(6), 1-11.
  • Stabb, S., Werther, H., Ricci, F., Zipf, A., Gretzel, U., Fesenmaier, D., Paris, C., & Knoblock, C. (2002). Intelligent Systems for Tourism. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 17(6), 53-66.
  • Sun, Q., Liu, J., Li, S., Fan, C., & Sun, J. (2010). Internet of Things: Summarize on Concepts, Architecture and Key Technology Problem. Journal of Beijing University of Posts and Telecom, 33(3), 1-9.
  • Sundmaeker, H., Guillemin, P., Friess, P., & Woelffle, S. (2010). Vision and Challenges for Realising the Internet of Things. Luxemborg: Publications Office of the European Union, 5-16.
  • The People's Government of Zhenjiang City (PGZC). (2011). Chinese Smart Tourism Service http://www.docin.com/p-411573911.html, 1-16. Planning. Retrieved July 1, 2011, from
  • Ustundag, A., Kilin, M. S., & Cevikcan, E. (2010). Fuzzy Rule-Based System for the Economic Analysis of RFID Investments. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(7), 5300-5306.
  • Wang, D., Li, X., & Li, Y. (2013). China's "smart tourism destination" initiative: A taste of the service-dominant logic. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 2, 59-61.
  • Wang, H. (2013). Tourism Safety Design and Build Based on Internet of Things and Cloud Computing Platform. Heilongjiang Science and Technology Information, 3, 29.
  • Wang, S., Xing, X., & Li, W. (2010). Ubiquitous Network Service Architecture,Standards and Key Technical Problems. Communication Technologies and Standards, 1, 44-48.
  • Weber, R.H. (2010). Internet of Things: New Security and Privacy Challenges. Computer Law and Security Review, 26(1), 23-30.
  • Wen, W., Xu, C., & Li, X. (2013). Design and Implementation of Tourism Commodities Traceability System Based on Internet of Things. Science and Technology Management, 9, 116-120.
  • Wu, H. (2010). Review on Internet of Things: Application and Challenges. Journal of Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunication (Natural Sciences), 22(5), 526-531.
  • Xiang, Z., Gretzel, U., & Fesenmaier, D.R. (2009). Semantic Representation of Tourism on the Internet. Journal of Travel Research, 47(4), 440-453.
  • Xiao, L., & Zhao, L. (2010). Study on the Disaster Early Warning System of Scenic Spots Based on 3S Technology-A Case Study of Shennongjia National Reserve. Journal of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (Social Sciences), 3, 49-56.
  • Xu, B., Li, D., Qian, Y., & Liu, Y. (2013). Smart Tourism: A new Travel Tendency, A Review on Existing Research. Resource Development and Market, 29(7), 781-784.
  • Yang, B. (2011). Smart City Connotation and Prospect in China. China's Urban Planning and Construction Peak Forum, 1-5.
  • Yao, G. (2012). A Study on the Construction Framework of Intelligent Tourism. Journal of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (Social Sciences), 14(2), 13-16.
  • Yuan, Y. (2012). Research on Smart City Information System Key Technology. Wuhan University, 87-106.
  • Zhang, L. (2012). Smart Tourism: The Coming Era of Personalization and Intelligent Public Services. Tourism Tribune, 27(2), 3-5.
  • Zhang, L., Li, N., & Liu, M. (2012). On the Basic Concept of Smarter Tourism and Its Theoretical System. Tourism Tribune, 27(5), 66-73.
  • Zhang, S., Wang, M., Ye, C., & Zhao, Y. (2012). Research on Terrain Features and Wireless Communications Scheme of Leshan Tourist Spot. Internet of Things Technologies, 8, 55-56.
  • Zhao, Y. (2008). Study on Application of RFID Technology in Tourism Industry. China Auto-ID, 6, 92-94.
  • Zhou, Y., Yang, L., & Shen, M. (2012). From the Virtual Forbidden City to the Dream Wizard City: Virtual Tourism Landscape Design and Internet of Things Technology for Embedded Applications. Tourism Forum, 5(3), 27-31.
  • Zhu, Z., & Zhang, X. (2011). On the Construction of Smarter Tourism Perception System and Management Platform. Journal of Jiangsu University (Social Sciences), 13(6), 97-100.
APA GUO Y, LIU H, CHAI Y (2014). THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. , 54 - 69.
Chicago GUO Yang,LIU Hongbo,CHAI Yi THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. (2014): 54 - 69.
MLA GUO Yang,LIU Hongbo,CHAI Yi THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. , 2014, ss.54 - 69.
AMA GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. . 2014; 54 - 69.
Vancouver GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. . 2014; 54 - 69.
IEEE GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y "THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA." , ss.54 - 69, 2014.
ISNAD GUO, Yang vd. "THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA". (2014), 54-69.
APA GUO Y, LIU H, CHAI Y (2014). THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR), 2(1), 54 - 69.
Chicago GUO Yang,LIU Hongbo,CHAI Yi THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) 2, no.1 (2014): 54 - 69.
MLA GUO Yang,LIU Hongbo,CHAI Yi THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR), vol.2, no.1, 2014, ss.54 - 69.
AMA GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR). 2014; 2(1): 54 - 69.
Vancouver GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR). 2014; 2(1): 54 - 69.
IEEE GUO Y,LIU H,CHAI Y "THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA." Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR), 2, ss.54 - 69, 2014.
ISNAD GUO, Yang vd. "THE EMBEDDING CONVERGENCE OF SMART CITIES AND TOURISM INTERNET OF THINGS IN CHINA". Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) 2/1 (2014), 54-69.