Yıl: 2017 Cilt: 6 Sayı: Özel Sayı Sayfa Aralığı: 323 - 328 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi

Öz:
Sebze yetiştiriciliği ve muhafazasında bilinen büyümeyi düzenleyicilerin yanı sıra hasat öncesi ve sonrası kaliteyi korumak ve uzun süreli muhafaza edebilmek için fizyolojik etkileri nedeniyle jasmonik asitin (JA) metil esteri olan metil jasmonatın da (MeJA) kullanıldığı bilinmektedir. MeJA, bitki bünyesinde mevcut olup bitkinin farklı dokularında farklı miktarlarda bulunmaktadır. MeJA içsel hormon olarak bilinmekle birlikte dışsal uygulama olarak hem gaz hem de solüsyon formunda kullanılabilmektedir. MeJA'ın, sebze yetiştiriciliğinde tohum çimlenmesini ve kök gelişimini engellediği, uzun gün bitkilerinde çiçeklenmeyi geciktirdiği, bitki bünyesinde klorofil parçalanmasını hızlandırdığı, proteinaz enzim aktivitesini engellediği, aromatik bileşenleri ve antosiyaninleri artırdığı, hastalık ve zararlı gelişimini engellediği yapılan araştırmalar ile ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Sebzelerde hasat sonrasında fungal patojenler sebebiyle önemli kalite kayıpları oluşmaktadır. Fungal patojenler ile mücadelede yaygın olarak sentetik kimyasal fungusitler kullanılmaktadır. Ancak patojenlerin bu fungusitlere karşı direnç kazanması ve kalıntıya sebep olması ile alternatif çözüm arayışlarına gidilmiştir. Bu sebeple MeJA kullanımının hastalık kontrolünde bitkilerin doğal düşünülmektedir. MeJA'nın dışsal uygulama olarak kullanılmasıyla metabolitlerin teşvik edilmesi, gen savunma mekanizmasının patojenlere karşı direnç artırılması yönünde tespitler bulunmaktadır. MeJA'nın hasat sonrası etkinliğinin ortaya muhafazasında kararma ve üşüme zararının azaltması, ağırlık ve renk kaybının engellemesi.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Ziraat Mühendisliği

Effects of methyl jasmonate on pre and postharvest physiology of vegetables

Öz:
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) methyl ester of jasmonic acid (JA) is known to be used maintain quality and long term storage due to physiological effects before and after harvest on vegetables. MeJA is available within the plant and found in different amounts in different tissues of the plant. Although MeJA is known as endogenous hormone, it can be used as exogenous treatment in the form of both solution and gas. MeJA is reported to prevents seed germination and root development, delays flowering in long day plants, accelerates the chlorophyll degradation, inhibits proteinase enzyme activity, increases aromatic compounds and anthocyanins, prevents disease and pest development in vegetable species. Significant quality losses occur due to fungal pathogens in vegetables after harvest. Synthetic chemical fungicides are used commonly against fungal pathogens. However, due to residue and pathogen resistance against fungicides so alternative solutions are required. Therefore MeJA are thought to increase the natural defense mechanisms of plants for control disease. By means of exogenous treatment of MeJA, secondary metabolites are induced in plant cell, generating gene defense mechanism and enhance resistance against to settled pathogens. Determination of postharvest efficacy of MeJA, in reduction of browning and chilling injury, inhibiting weight loss, discolorage, sprouting and rooting and maintainance of aromatic compounds during vegetable storage, it is believed that MeJA treatment will be widespread to maintain chemical and visual quality. In this study, researches about the effects of methyl jasmonate on pre and postharvest physiology of vegetables were reviewed.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Ziraat Mühendisliği
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA AKAN S, YANMAZ R, ÇAKIRER SEYREK G, DEMIR K (2017). Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. , 323 - 328.
Chicago AKAN SELEN,YANMAZ Ruhsar,ÇAKIRER SEYREK GAMZE,DEMIR KOKSAL Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. (2017): 323 - 328.
MLA AKAN SELEN,YANMAZ Ruhsar,ÇAKIRER SEYREK GAMZE,DEMIR KOKSAL Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. , 2017, ss.323 - 328.
AMA AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. . 2017; 323 - 328.
Vancouver AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. . 2017; 323 - 328.
IEEE AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K "Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi." , ss.323 - 328, 2017.
ISNAD AKAN, SELEN vd. "Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi". (2017), 323-328.
APA AKAN S, YANMAZ R, ÇAKIRER SEYREK G, DEMIR K (2017). Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 6(Özel Sayı), 323 - 328.
Chicago AKAN SELEN,YANMAZ Ruhsar,ÇAKIRER SEYREK GAMZE,DEMIR KOKSAL Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi 6, no.Özel Sayı (2017): 323 - 328.
MLA AKAN SELEN,YANMAZ Ruhsar,ÇAKIRER SEYREK GAMZE,DEMIR KOKSAL Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, vol.6, no.Özel Sayı, 2017, ss.323 - 328.
AMA AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi. 2017; 6(Özel Sayı): 323 - 328.
Vancouver AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi. 2017; 6(Özel Sayı): 323 - 328.
IEEE AKAN S,YANMAZ R,ÇAKIRER SEYREK G,DEMIR K "Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi." Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 6, ss.323 - 328, 2017.
ISNAD AKAN, SELEN vd. "Metil jasmonatın sebzelerde hasat öncesi ve hasat sonrası fizyolojisine etkisi". Akademik Ziraat Dergisi 6/Özel Sayı (2017), 323-328.