Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması

Yıl: 2017 Cilt: 23 Sayı: 6 Sayfa Aralığı: 895 - 901 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması

Öz:
Bu çalışma ile tavuklarda koksidiyoza karşı Aloe (A.) vera polisakkaritlerinin immunoterapötik etkisi rapor edilmektedir. Bu amaçla, A. vera'dan polisakkaritler elde edildi ve HPLC ile analizleri yapıldı. Maltoz, glikoz ve mannoz içeren üç farklı heksoz şekeri A. vera'nın hidrolize edilmiş solüsyonunda belirlendi. Ekstrakte edilen polisakkaritlerin (dereceli dozlarda) tavuklarda koksidiyoza karşı immunoterapötik etkisi araştırıldı. Sonuçlar; yüzde koruma ve günlük ağırlık kazanımının A. vera polisakkaritleri verilen tavuklarda kontrol grubuna oranla istatistiksel olarak daha yüksek olduğunu gösterdi (P<0.05). Oosit sayısı ve lezyon skoru ise polisakkarit verilen tavuklarda kontrol grubuna oranla istatistiksel olarak daha düşüktü (P<0.05). Anti koksidial belirtiler de polisakkarit verilen tavuklarda (159.75-239.63) kontrol grubuna oranla (36.57) daha yüksekti. Dalak dışındaki tüm lenfoid organların organ-vücut ağırlığı oranları deney ve kontrol grubundaki hayvanlarda benzerlik göstermekteydi (P>0.05). Çalışmanın bulgularına dayanılarak, A. vera polisakkaritlerinin tavuklarda koksidiyoza karşı immunoterapötik eksinin olduğu ve bu nedenle tavuklarda koksidiyozu kontrol altında tutabilmek amacıyla ticari kullanımının araştırılması gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Fen > Ziraat > Ziraat Mühendisliği
Fen > Veterinerlik > Veterinerlik
Fen > Veterinerlik

Evaluation of Immunotherapeutic Effects of Aloe vera Polysaccharides Against Coccidiosis in Chicken

Öz:
This study reports the immunotherapeutic effects of Aloe (A.) vera polysaccharides against coccidiosis in broiler chicken. For the purpose, polysaccharides were recovered from A. vera and analyzed by using HPLC. Three different hexose sugars including maltose, glucose and mannose were detected in hydrolyzed solution of A. vera. The extracted polysaccharides (graded doses) were evaluated for immunotherapeutic activities against coccidiosis in chicken. Results revealed that percent protection and daily weight gains were significantly higher (P<0.05) in chicken administered with A. vera polysaccharides as compared to control group. On the other hand, oocyst counts and lesion scores were lower (P<0.05) in polysaccharides administered chickens as compared to control. Moreover, anti-coccidial indices were also higher in chickens administered with polysaccharides (159.75-239.63) as compared to control (36.57). Except spleen, the organ-body weight ratios of all lymphoid organs of experimental and control groups were statistically similar (P>0.05). Based upon findings of this study, it was concluded that A. vera derived polysaccharides had immunotherapeutic activity against coccidiosis in chickens and might be further explored for its commercial feasibility for effective use in poultry industry to control avian coccidiosis.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Fen > Ziraat > Ziraat Mühendisliği
Fen > Veterinerlik > Veterinerlik
Fen > Veterinerlik
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA AKHTAR M, AWAIS M, KHALIQ K, ANWAR M (2017). Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 23(6), 895 - 901.
Chicago AKHTAR Masood,AWAIS Mian Muhammad,KHALIQ Kashfa,ANWAR Muhammad Irfan Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 23, no.6 (2017): 895 - 901.
MLA AKHTAR Masood,AWAIS Mian Muhammad,KHALIQ Kashfa,ANWAR Muhammad Irfan Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.23, no.6, 2017, ss.895 - 901.
AMA AKHTAR M,AWAIS M,KHALIQ K,ANWAR M Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 23(6): 895 - 901.
Vancouver AKHTAR M,AWAIS M,KHALIQ K,ANWAR M Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 23(6): 895 - 901.
IEEE AKHTAR M,AWAIS M,KHALIQ K,ANWAR M "Tavuklarda Koksidiyoza Karşı Aloe vera Polisakkaritlerinin İmmunoterapötik Etkinliğinin Saptanması." Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 23, ss.895 - 901, 2017.