Yıl: 2015 Cilt: 10 Sayı: 15 Sayfa Aralığı: 273 - 288 Metin Dili: Türkçe İndeks Tarihi: 29-07-2022

OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI

Öz:
Bu nicel araştırmada üniversitelerde öğrenim gören pedagojik formasyon öğrencilerinin otantik liderlik özellikleri ile örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarının karşılaştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Bu doğrultuda pedagojik formasyon öğrencilerinin otantik liderlik ve örgütsel vatandaşlık düzeylerinin belirlenmesi hedeflenmiş, otantik liderlik özellikleriyle örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışları arasında ilişki olup olmadığı araştırılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın evrenini 2014-2015 öğretim yılında üniversitelerde öğretmenlik sertifikası almak için öğrenim gören pedagojik formasyon öğrencileri oluşturmaktadır. Örneklem 751 pedagojik formasyon öğrencisinden oluşmaktadır. Katılımcıların 416'sı kadınlardan (%55.4), 335'i ise erkeklerden (%44.6) oluşmaktadır. Araştırmadaki verilerin toplanması için tarama modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak Otantik Liderlik Ölçeği (OLÖ) ve Örgütsel Vatandaşlık Davranışları Ölçeği (ÖVDÖ) kullanılmıştır. OLÖ 16 maddeden, ÖVDÖ ise 19 maddeden oluşmuştur. Her iki ölçek, 5'li Likert türünden (1: kesinlikle katılmıyorum, 2: katılmıyorum, 3: Kararsızım, 4: katılıyorum, 5: kesinlikle katılıyorum) oluşmaktadır. Araştırmaya katılan pedagojik formasyon öğrencilerinin otantik liderlik düzeyleri ile örgütsel vatandaşlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkiyi belirlemede "Korelasyon Analizi", örgütsel vatandaşlık düzeylerinin otantik liderlik özelliklerini yordama düzeylerini belirlemede "Regresyon Analizi" kullanılmıştır. Araştırmaya katılan pedagojik formasyon öğrencilerinin otantik liderlik düzeyleri ile örgütsel vatandaşlık düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkinin "Korelasyon Analizi" ile analiz edilmesi sonucunda örgütsel vatandaşlık unsurları ve otantik liderlik unsurları arasında anlamlı ilişki ortaya çıkmıştır. Örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarının otantik liderlik düzeyleri üzerine etkisinin "Regresyon Analizi" ile incelenmesi sonucunda, otantik liderlik unsurlarının, örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarından yeterli düzeyde etkilenmediği başka bir deyişle örgütsel vatandaşlık davranışlarının otantik liderlik unsurlarının yordayıcısı ya da açıklayıcısı olmadığı sonucuna varılmıştır
Anahtar Kelime:

A COMPARISON BETWEEN AUTHENTIC LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIORS: TEACHER CANDIDATES

Öz:
The purpose of this study was to compare the authentic leadership features and organizational citizenship behaviors of teacher candidates in a university’s pedagogical proficiency classrooms. This quantitative study included non-random selection of the participants. The data was collected during the 2014-2015 school year. The number of participants included 751 teacher candidates in pedagogical proficiency classrooms. The sample included 416 female participants and 335 male participants. Teacher candidates answered questions on two questionnaires: Authentic Leadership Scale (ALS) and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB). ALS included 16 items and OCB included 19 items. Both instruments were Likert type scales with five possible answers (1 = Absolutely disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Neutral, 4 = Agree, and 5 = Absolutely agree). The relationship between the authentic leadership features and organizational citizenship behaviors of teacher candidates was analyzed through Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. The effect of organizational citizenship behaviors of teacher candidates on their authentic leadership features was analyzed through Regression Analysis. After the data was analyzed, the findings indicated that there was a significant relationship between the authentic leadership features and organizational citizenship behaviors of teacher candidates in pedagogical proficiency classrooms. The results also suggested that there was no effect of organizational citizenship behaviors of teacher candidates on their authentic leadership features Organizations which play a very important role to maintain theexistence of the society, as seeking for new approaches in the name ofimproving the productivity of individuals. Organizations that havequalified human resources are successful in all aspects. Organizationsthat have difficulty in knowing how to use human resources may facemajor difficulties. Efficiently functioning organizations have individuals,who go beyond their officially signed contracts, work mostly on voluntarybasis, and strive for the success of the organization. The effects ofleadership skills of individuals would be undeniable in a context ofobserving organizational citizenship behaviors. In such contexts,authentic leadership features and organizational citizenship behaviorswould affect the performances of teacher candidates in their future worksites. Researchers have developed various theories and definitions ofleadership. The term ‘’leader’’ has been defined as the person couldmotivate a group of people for a specific purpose. By the end of 20thcentury, the authentic leadership has developed as a component ofpositive leadership (Clapp-Smith, Vogelgesang, and Avey, 2009). Afterconducting research, the researchers have concluded that as a type ofleadership, authentic leadership is creating a common sense and purposein order to meet the needs of individuals in the society (Luthans ve Avolio,2003). Authentic leaders are aware how other people’s perceptionstowards their actions and behaviors (Sosik, Jung, and Dinger, 2009).They are well aware of their surroundings in terms of problem solvingskills and exhibiting ethical attitudes in work environments (Hassan andForbis, 2011). In addition, authentic leaders tend to create transparencyand willing to take responsibility in most critical cases (Shamir andEilam, 2005; Sosik, Jung, and Dinger, 2009). Researchers suggest thatauthentic leadership has four subscales: self-awareness, unprejudicedassessment, relational transparency, and ethics (Gardner, Avolio,Luthans, May, and Walumbwa, 2005). In this case, self-awareness meansassessing self-actions in honest ways, unprejudiced assessment meansbeing neutral in most situations, relational transparency meansopenness with others, and ethics means setting high standards for moralconduct (Gardner et al., 2005).On the other hand, organizational citizenship behaviors depend ona collaborative system as individuals willingly contribute to the successof the organization (Katrinli, Atabay, and Gunay, 2006). The workers ofthe organizations must be willing in order to be able to make meaningfulcontributions (Organ, Podsakoff, and MacKenzie, 2005). Individuals withstrong sense of organizational citizenship behaviors would employinnovative attitudes for the success of the organization (Jahangir, Akbar,and Haq, 2004). Researchers suggest that authentic leadership has fivesubscales: alturism, conscientiousness, courtesy, civic virtue, andsportsmanship (Ehrhart, 2004). Alturism refers to exhibiting benevolenceto others (Allison, Voss and Dryer, 2001), conscientiousness refers tobeing meticulous in all situations (Özdevecioğlu, 2003), courtesy refers toattitudes preventing situations that might cause problems (Organ andRyan, 1995), civic virtue refers to efforts in exhibiting laws associatedwith social mode (Podsakoff, MacKenzie, Paine, and Bachrach, 2000), andsportsmanship refers to demonstrating tolerance and being permissive inmost cases (Özdevecioğlu, 2003).Purpose and Significance of the StudyAfter conducting an extensive literature review about therelationship between authentic leadership and organizational citizenship,the results indicated that most of the studies have mainly focused on therelationships between the attitudes of employees in a work environment(Avolio, Zhu, Koh, and Bhatia, 2004). In other studies, the relationship ofauthentic leadership with different variables has been examined(Schnake, Dumler, and Cochran, 1993). For instance, the relationshipbetween authentic leadership and transformational leadership or therelationship between authentic leadership and ethical leadership hasbeen investigated several studies. However, there are only few studiesfocusing on the authentic leadership and organizational citizenship of teacher candidates in pedagogical proficiency classr
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Demirdag S (2015). OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. , 273 - 288.
Chicago Demirdag Seyithan OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. (2015): 273 - 288.
MLA Demirdag Seyithan OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. , 2015, ss.273 - 288.
AMA Demirdag S OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. . 2015; 273 - 288.
Vancouver Demirdag S OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. . 2015; 273 - 288.
IEEE Demirdag S "OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI." , ss.273 - 288, 2015.
ISNAD Demirdag, Seyithan. "OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI". (2015), 273-288.
APA Demirdag S (2015). OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. Turkish Studies (Elektronik), 10(15), 273 - 288.
Chicago Demirdag Seyithan OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. Turkish Studies (Elektronik) 10, no.15 (2015): 273 - 288.
MLA Demirdag Seyithan OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. Turkish Studies (Elektronik), vol.10, no.15, 2015, ss.273 - 288.
AMA Demirdag S OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. Turkish Studies (Elektronik). 2015; 10(15): 273 - 288.
Vancouver Demirdag S OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI. Turkish Studies (Elektronik). 2015; 10(15): 273 - 288.
IEEE Demirdag S "OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI." Turkish Studies (Elektronik), 10, ss.273 - 288, 2015.
ISNAD Demirdag, Seyithan. "OTANTİK LİDERLİK VE ÖRGÜTSEL VATANDAŞLIK DAVRANIŞLARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI: ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARI". Turkish Studies (Elektronik) 10/15 (2015), 273-288.