Yıl: 2018 Cilt: 5 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 1 - 8 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.19159/tutad.310211 İndeks Tarihi: 30-09-2019

Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings

Öz:
In this study, surveys were carried out during 2015 and 2016 for wilt and root rot diseases caused by Rhizoctoniasolani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum, and Fusarium solani in pepper fields in Adıyaman, Diyarbakır,Mardin and Şanlıurfa provinces of Turkey. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different inoculationmethods (root dip, soil infestation with wheat bran and soil infestation with rice grain) on pathogenicities of R. solani,M. phaseolina, F. oxysporum and F. solani on pepper seedlings. Inoculated pepper seedlings (cv. İnan-3363) were left to growfor three months after transplanting under growth chamber conditions. Inoculation of infective rice-grain was used to testpathogenicity of all four fungi. Root dip inoculation method was used for F. solani and F. oxysporum when the soil wasinfested with wheat bran method for R. solani and M. phaseolina inoculation. All tested isolates resulted in the stem and rootrot, leaf chlorosis and bruising. To test the pathogenicity of fungi, soil infestation with rice grain inoculation was the mostsuitable method. All tested fungi induced similar foliar symptoms, root rot severity and caused a similar reduction in dry rootweights when rice-grain inoculum was used. With other inoculation methods, all pathogens similarly affected root rot severity.Whereas, F. oxysporum was the least virulent pathogen among tested fungi affecting foliar symptom severity; for fresh rootand plant weights, and dry root and plant weights; R. solani, M. phaseolina and F. solani were similarly virulent when theseparameters were used. The results of the present study may have a useful connotation to monitor pepper seedlings againstthese pathogens. In conclusion, we recommend rice-grain inoculation to test pathogenicities of R. solani, M. phaseolina,F. oxysporum and F. solanion various pepper cultivars.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Ziraat Mühendisliği
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA GÜLER GÜNEY İ, GÜLDÜR M (2018). Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. , 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
Chicago GÜLER GÜNEY İNCİ,GÜLDÜR MEHMET ERTUĞRUL Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. (2018): 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
MLA GÜLER GÜNEY İNCİ,GÜLDÜR MEHMET ERTUĞRUL Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. , 2018, ss.1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
AMA GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. . 2018; 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
Vancouver GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. . 2018; 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
IEEE GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M "Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings." , ss.1 - 8, 2018. 10.19159/tutad.310211
ISNAD GÜLER GÜNEY, İNCİ - GÜLDÜR, MEHMET ERTUĞRUL. "Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings". (2018), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.310211
APA GÜLER GÜNEY İ, GÜLDÜR M (2018). Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 5(1), 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
Chicago GÜLER GÜNEY İNCİ,GÜLDÜR MEHMET ERTUĞRUL Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 5, no.1 (2018): 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
MLA GÜLER GÜNEY İNCİ,GÜLDÜR MEHMET ERTUĞRUL Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, vol.5, no.1, 2018, ss.1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
AMA GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2018; 5(1): 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
Vancouver GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2018; 5(1): 1 - 8. 10.19159/tutad.310211
IEEE GÜLER GÜNEY İ,GÜLDÜR M "Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings." Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 5, ss.1 - 8, 2018. 10.19159/tutad.310211
ISNAD GÜLER GÜNEY, İNCİ - GÜLDÜR, MEHMET ERTUĞRUL. "Inoculation Techniques for Assessing Pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina, Fusarium oxysporum and Fusarium solani on Pepper Seedlings". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 5/1 (2018), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.310211