Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Yıl: 2018 Cilt: 6 Sayı: 14 Sayfa Aralığı: 171 - 196 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

Öz:
Aile, okul, arkadaşlar gibi çok sayıda etmen çocukların ve gençlerin siyasal toplumsallaşma sürecinderol oynamaktadır. Kitle iletişim araçları gençlerin siyasal ve toplumsal değerlerinin, tutumlarının vedavranışlarının gelişimine etki etmektedir. Siyasal toplumsallaşmanın önemli bir bileşeni ya da sonucusiyasal ve toplumsal faaliyetlere katılımı kapsayan toplumsal katılımdır. Gazete ve televizyonun yanısıra internetin gençlerin toplumsal katılımında önemli etkisi bulunmaktadır. Kullanılan kitle iletişimaracının türüne ve kullanım amacına bağlı olarak toplumsal katılım düzeyi farklılık gösterebilmektedir.25-30 yaşları arasında 549 genç ile gerçekleştirilen çalışmada, haberleri takip etmekte kullanılan kitleiletişim aracının türüne ve sosyo-demografik değişkenlere göre toplumsal faaliyetlere katılım düzeyiincelenmiştir. Ayrıca toplumsal katılımın haberleri takip etmeyle ve toplumsal konular ile ilgili görüşleriifade etme amacı ile sosyal medya kullanımıyla ilişkisi araştırılmıştır. Toplumsal katılım düzeyi“Toplumsal Katılım Ölçeği”, kitle iletişim araçlarının kullanımı “Kişisel Bilgi Formu” ile ölçümlenmiştir.Toplumsal katılım ile gazete okuma arasındaki ilişkinin, toplumsal katılım ile televizyon ve internetarasındaki ilişkiden daha güçlü olduğu belirlenmiştir. Haberleri takip etmenin ve sosyal medyadagörüşlerin ifade edilmesinin toplumsal katılımı yordadığı bulunmuştur. Bulgular; iletişim kuramları vetoplumsal katılım araştırmaları ile ilişkili olarak tartışılmıştır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Political Socialization in Youth: Examination of The Relationship Between Civic Engagagement and Mass Media

Öz:
A large number of factors such as family, school, friends play role in political socialization of children and young people. Mass media has an influence on the development of political and civic values, attitudes and behaviors of young people. An important element or a result of political socialization is civic engagement that encompasses engagament in political and civic activities. Besides newspapers and television, the Internet has an important influence on civic engagement of young people. The level of civic engagement may vary depending on the type of mass media and purposes for media use. In the study conducted with 549 young people between the ages of 25 and 30, the level of civic engagement by the type of mass media and socio-demographic variables was examined. Besides, the relationship of civic engagement with following news and the use of social media to express opinions on social matters was investigated. Civic engagement level was determined with “Civic Engagement Scale” and media use was assessed with “Personal Data Sheet”. The relationship between civic engagement and newspaper reading was determined to be stronger than the relationship of civic engagement with television and the Internet. Following news and expressing opinions on social media were found to predict civic engagement. The results were discussed with regard to communication theories and research on civic engagement.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA AKMAN ÖZDEMİR P (2018). Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ, 6(14), 171 - 196.
Chicago AKMAN ÖZDEMİR PETEK Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ 6, no.14 (2018): 171 - 196.
MLA AKMAN ÖZDEMİR PETEK Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ, vol.6, no.14, 2018, ss.171 - 196.
AMA AKMAN ÖZDEMİR P Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ. 2018; 6(14): 171 - 196.
Vancouver AKMAN ÖZDEMİR P Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ. 2018; 6(14): 171 - 196.
IEEE AKMAN ÖZDEMİR P "Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi." GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ, 6, ss.171 - 196, 2018.
ISNAD AKMAN ÖZDEMİR, PETEK. "Gençlik Döneminde Siyasal Toplumsallaşma: Toplumsal Katılım İle Kitle İletişim Araçları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi". GENÇLİK ARAŞTIRMALARI DERGİSİ 6/14 (2018), 171-196.