Yıl: 2018 Cilt: 2 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 474 - 484 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386

An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı

Öz:
The children with early language and speech delay have the risk to face with learning disabilitiesas well as psychological and behavioral adjustment problems in the preschool period. The aim of this studyto analyse the language and speech disoders in the children aged between 3 and 6 years who attendkindergarden. 503 children who attend the kindergarden were determined in Beypazarı. However, 101children were out of study for various reasons (N:402). The implementation of the study consists of twostages. In the first stage, the language and speech development of the children was determined with theLanguage and Speech Screening Form. The Turkish Preschool Language Scale–5 (TPLS–5) test wasadministered to the risky children in the second stage. The data obtained from the first stage of study, 23of 402 children were considered to have problems in language and speech development. The TPLS–5language test was administered to 22 out of 23 children. A moderate (0.30<|r=0.49|<0.70), positive (r>0)and a significant correlation (p<0.05) was found between their chronological age and their receptivelanguage age. A high level (0.70<|r=0,88|), positive (r>0) and significant correlation (p<0.01) was foundbetween the chronological and expressive language of the children. Language-speech screenings in preschool children are useful for identifying possible or existing language-speech problems and forintervention in the shortest possible time. The language and speech disorders seen in children cause somenegative effects on the families and affect society considerably in the long term. For this reason, it is quiteimportant to follow the language and speech development of children closely in the preschool period.
Anahtar Kelime:

Türkiye’de okul öncesi çocuklarda dil ve konuşma bozukluklarının analizi: Beypazarı örneklemi

Öz:
Dil ve konuşma gecikmesi olan çocukların, okul öncesi dönemde hem öğrenme güçlüğü hem de psikolojik ve davranışsal uyum sorunları ile karşılaşma riski vardır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, anaokuluna devam eden 3–6 yaş arasındaki çocuklarda dil ve konuşma bozuklarını analiz etmektir. Beypazarı’nda anaokuluna devam eden toplam 503 çocuk belirlenmiştir. Ancak, 101 çocuk çeşitli nedenlerle çalışma dışı kalmıştır (N: 402). Çalışmanın uygulanması iki aşamadan oluşmaktadır. İlk aşamada çocukların dil ve konuşma gelişimi Dil ve Konuşma Formu ile sorgulanmıştır. İkinci aşamada riskli çocuklara Türkçe Okul Öncesi Dil Ölçeği–5 (TPLS–5) testi uygulanmıştır Çalışmanın ilk aşamasından elde edilen verilerden 402 çocuktan 23'ünün dil ve konuşma gelişiminde problem olduğu düşünülmüştür. TPLS–5 dil testi 23 çocuğun 22'sine uygulandı. Çocukların kronolojik yaşları ve alıcı dil yaşları arasında orta (0.30 <| r = 0.49 | <0.70), pozitif (r> 0) ve anlamlı bir korelasyon (p <0.5) bulunmuştur. Çocukların kronolojik yaşları ile ifade edici dil yaşları arasında ise yüksek düzeyde (0.70 <| r = 0.88 |), pozitif (r> 0) ve anlamlı bir korelasyon (p <0.01) elde edilmiştir. Okul öncesi çocuklarda dil-konuşma taramaları olası veya mevcut dil-konuşma problemlerinin belirlenmesi ve mümkün olan en kısa sürede müdahale edilmesi için faydalıdır. Çocuklarda görülen dil ve konuşma bozukluğu, aileler üzerinde bir takım olumsuz etkiler yaratmakta ve uzun vadede toplumu önemli düzeyde etkilemektedir. Bu nedenle, çocukların okul öncesi dönemde dil ve konuşma gelişimlerini yakından takip etmek oldukça önemlidir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA ŞAHLI A, ŞAHİN F, BELGİN E (2018). An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. , 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
Chicago ŞAHLI Ayşe Sanem,ŞAHİN Fatih Mehmet,BELGİN Erol An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. (2018): 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
MLA ŞAHLI Ayşe Sanem,ŞAHİN Fatih Mehmet,BELGİN Erol An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. , 2018, ss.474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
AMA ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. . 2018; 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
Vancouver ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. . 2018; 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
IEEE ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E "An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı." , ss.474 - 484, 2018. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
ISNAD ŞAHLI, Ayşe Sanem vd. "An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı". (2018), 474-484. https://doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
APA ŞAHLI A, ŞAHİN F, BELGİN E (2018). An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi, 2(3), 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
Chicago ŞAHLI Ayşe Sanem,ŞAHİN Fatih Mehmet,BELGİN Erol An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi 2, no.3 (2018): 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
MLA ŞAHLI Ayşe Sanem,ŞAHİN Fatih Mehmet,BELGİN Erol An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi, vol.2, no.3, 2018, ss.474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
AMA ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2018; 2(3): 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
Vancouver ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı. Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2018; 2(3): 474 - 484. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
IEEE ŞAHLI A,ŞAHİN F,BELGİN E "An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı." Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi, 2, ss.474 - 484, 2018. 10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386
ISNAD ŞAHLI, Ayşe Sanem vd. "An analysis of language and speech disorders in preschool children in Turkey: The case of Beypazarı". Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi 2/3 (2018), 474-484. https://doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.196720182386