Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 34 Sayı: 4 Sayfa Aralığı: 981 - 998 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537 İndeks Tarihi: 04-05-2020

The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar

Öz:
This quasi-experimental study investigates the potential benefits of two types of corrective feedback strategies, explicit recasts and output-only prompts, on the acquisition of English third person ‘-s’. Thirty-six language learners in three intact classes from a university in Istanbul were assigned into two experimental groups and a control group and completed communicative tasks that made the use of the target language necessary. The explicit recast was operationalized as repetition of erroneous utterances followed by supra-segmental manipulation where stress and intonation were employed to make the corrective force of recasts salient. Output-only prompts were operationalized as repetition and elicitation. Acquisition was measured through untimed grammaticality judgment tests (UGJT) and oral narration tasks that were administered prior to the instructions, immediately after the instructions and 10 days later. The analysis of data revealed a clear advantage of explicit recast on the oral measures of the immediate posttest, and to lesser extent, the delayed posttest. The findings suggested that, at least in some EFL contexts, explicit recasts might have a more positive impact on the acquisition process than output-only prompts.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları

Açık Biçimlendirme ve Sadece Çıktıya Dayalı Yönlendiricilerin İkinci Dil Yapısının Öğrenimindeki Etkisi

Öz:
Bu yarı deneysel çalışma, iki düzeltici dönütün- açık biçimlendirme ve sadece çıktıya dayalı yönlendiricilerin- İngilizce üçüncü tekil şahıs ‘-s’ ekinin edinimi üzerindeki potansiyel etkisini araştırmaktadır. İstanbul'daki bir üniversitede üç sınıfta bulunan otuz altı dil öğrencisinden iki deney grubu ve bir kontrol grubu oluşturulmuş ve hedef dilin kullanımını gerekli kılan iletişimsel çalışmalar uygulanmıştır. Açık biçimlendirme, önce hatalı cümleyi tekrarlayıp ardından vurgu ve tonlama gibi parçaüstü özellikleri kullanarak biçimlendirmenin düzeltici etkisini ortaya çıkaracak bir şekilde uygulanmıştır. Sadece çıktıya dayalı yönlendiriciler tekrarlama ve çıkarım olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Verilerin analizi, açık biçimlendirme grubunda yer alan katılımcıların birinci sözel testte belirgin bir farklılık, gecikmiş ikinci testte ise daha az düzeyde bir farklılık sağladığını ortaya koymuştur. Bulgular, biçimlendirmenin belirgin bir şekilde uygulanmasının, dil yapılarının edinim süreci üzerinde olumlu bir etki yaratabileceğini ve bunların en azından bazı İngilizcenin yabancı dil olarak öğretildiği bağlamlarda sadece çıktıya dayalı yönlendiricilerden daha yararlı olabileceğini göstermiştir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular: Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Sarandi H, Celik M (2019). The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. , 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
Chicago Sarandi Hedayat,Celik Mehmet The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. (2019): 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
MLA Sarandi Hedayat,Celik Mehmet The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. , 2019, ss.981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
AMA Sarandi H,Celik M The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. . 2019; 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
Vancouver Sarandi H,Celik M The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. . 2019; 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
IEEE Sarandi H,Celik M "The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar." , ss.981 - 998, 2019. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
ISNAD Sarandi, Hedayat - Celik, Mehmet. "The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar". (2019), 981-998. https://doi.org/10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
APA Sarandi H, Celik M (2019). The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 34(4), 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
Chicago Sarandi Hedayat,Celik Mehmet The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 34, no.4 (2019): 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
MLA Sarandi Hedayat,Celik Mehmet The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.34, no.4, 2019, ss.981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
AMA Sarandi H,Celik M The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 34(4): 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
Vancouver Sarandi H,Celik M The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 34(4): 981 - 998. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
IEEE Sarandi H,Celik M "The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar." Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 34, ss.981 - 998, 2019. 10.16986/HUJE.2018043537
ISNAD Sarandi, Hedayat - Celik, Mehmet. "The Effects of Explicit Recasts and Output-only Prompts on Learning L2 Grammar". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 34/4 (2019), 981-998. https://doi.org/10.16986/HUJE.2018043537