Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 0 Sayı: 0 Sayfa Aralığı: 185 - 192 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.637816 İndeks Tarihi: 22-09-2020

Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem

Öz:
Over the past few years, drones also known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), have been adopted as a part of transportation activitiesin logistic sector. This paper investigates a new version of traveling salesman problem called as flying sidekick traveling salesmanproblem(FSTSP) in which trucks and drones serve the customers in coordination with the objective of minimizing the total deliverydistance of trucks at the depot after completing the deliveries. Clarke & Wright's savings algorithm is a well-known heuristics approachin literature, which gives better solution for classical vehicle routing problem. In this paper, a hybrid approach based on Clarke &Wright's savings algorithm and genetic algorithm is proposed for solving the new version of travelling salesman problem. In theproposed hybrid algorithm, which is the sequential use of genetic algorithm and Clarke & Wright’s savings algorithm, is used forassignment of the truck, drone or both of them to serve the customer. The solution of the genetic algorithm, which is the well-knownmetaheuristic approach, is enhanced with Clarke & Wright's savings algorithm. The aim of the problem is to minimize the total deliverydistance according to the assignment decisions. This is the first hybrid approach in the literature including Clarke & Wright’s savingsalgorithm and genetic algorithm that applies for FSTSP problem. The hypothetical experiments conducted on various instances andresults confirm the efficiency of the approach and give some insights on this drone delivery system.
Anahtar Kelime:

Clarke & Wright Tasarruf Algoritması ve Genetik Algoritmaya Dayalı Uçan Yardımcılı Gezgin Satıcı Problemi

Öz:
Son yıllarda, insansız hava aracı olarak da bilinen drone’lar lojistik sektöründeki ulaştırma faaliyetlerinin bir parçası olarak kabul edilmiştir. Bu çalışmada gezgin satıcı probleminin yeni bir versiyonu olan uçan yardımcılı gezgin satıcı problemine bir çözüm önerisi geliştirilmiştir. Çalışmanın amacı kamyon ve drone’ların koordineli bir şekilde kullanımı ile teslimat yaparak, teslimatlar tamamlanana kadar kamyon tarafından kat edilen toplam teslimat mesafesinin minimize edilmesidir. Clarke & Wright tasarruf algoritması literatürde sıklıkla kullanılan, klasik araç rotalama problemlerinde iyi sonuç veren sezgisel algoritmalardandır. Önerilen yaklaşım ile genetik algoritma ve Clarke & Wright tasarruf algoritmasının sıralı kullanımı ile drone, kamyon ya da her ikisinin eş zamanlı olarak müşterilere atanması amaçlanmaktadır. Clarke & Wright tasarruf algoritması sonuçları, iyi bilinen meta sezgisel algoritmalardan olan genetik algoritma ile iyileştirilmiştir. Bu problemin amacı atama kararlarına göre teslimat mesafesini en aza indirmektir. Bu çalışma Clarke & Wright tasarruf algoritması ve genetik algoritmanın uçan yardımcılı gezgin satıcı problemine uygulandığı ilk çalışmadır. Çeşitli örnek problem setleri üzerine yapılan hipotetik analizler yaklaşımın etkinliğini onaylamakta ve drone teslimat sistemine bir bakış açısı geliştirmektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Ezici B, Cakmak E, KOÇ T (2019). Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. , 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
Chicago Ezici Busra,Cakmak Emre,KOÇ Tuğçe Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. (2019): 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
MLA Ezici Busra,Cakmak Emre,KOÇ Tuğçe Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. , 2019, ss.185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
AMA Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. . 2019; 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
Vancouver Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. . 2019; 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
IEEE Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T "Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem." , ss.185 - 192, 2019. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
ISNAD Ezici, Busra vd. "Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem". (2019), 185-192. https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.637816
APA Ezici B, Cakmak E, KOÇ T (2019). Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 0(0), 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
Chicago Ezici Busra,Cakmak Emre,KOÇ Tuğçe Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 0, no.0 (2019): 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
MLA Ezici Busra,Cakmak Emre,KOÇ Tuğçe Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, vol.0, no.0, 2019, ss.185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
AMA Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; 0(0): 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
Vancouver Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2019; 0(0): 185 - 192. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
IEEE Ezici B,Cakmak E,KOÇ T "Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem." Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 0, ss.185 - 192, 2019. 10.31590/ejosat.637816
ISNAD Ezici, Busra vd. "Clarke & Wright's Savings Algorithm and Genetic Algorithms Based Hybrid Approach for Flying Sidekick Traveling Salesman Problem". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 0 (2019), 185-192. https://doi.org/10.31590/ejosat.637816