Yıl: 2020 Cilt: 14 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 69 - 86 Metin Dili: İngilizce

ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes

Öz:
There is a change in the status of English from a foreign language to a common language ofcommunication among people with different mother languages. While the new profile of English as alingua franca (ELF) has important implications for language teaching, it is not yet clear how farlanguage teachers in different learning contexts have embraced them. The present study aims to addressthis issue by exploring the attitudes of in-service English language teachers towards different aspectsof ELF in the underexplored context of Iran. Fifty-four Iranian teachers of English from three Englishlanguage institutes participated in the study. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through aquestionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The participants expressed their attitudes towardsdifferent ELF-related pedagogical issues. Findings showed that teachers’ attitudes were multifariousranging considerably in each domain. While the majority of the teachers favored native speakers’ normsin terms of teaching pronunciation, grammatical accuracy and the exclusive use of materials producedby native speakers, they displayed ELF-informed attitudes towards teaching multicultural awareness.Findings also showed divisions between participants’ attitudes towards the status of native speakerteachers and the use of nonnative materials in listening exams. The diverse attitudes of teachers towardsELF-related issues underscores the need for more fine-grained teaching training programs that areadjusted to instructors’ needs in different learning contexts.
Anahtar Kelime:

İran Bağlamında İngilizce Ortak İletişim Dili (ELF): Görev yapan İngilizce Öğretmenlerin Tutumlarının İncelemesi

Öz:
İngilizce, yabancı bir dil statüsünden ortak iletişim dili (ELF) statüsüne evrilmektedir. İngilizcenin yeni profilinin dil öğretimi için önemli önerileri olsa da, farklı öğrenme bağlamlarındaki İngilizce öğretmenlerince bu önerilerini ne kadar kabul gördüğü henüz belli değildir. Bu çalışma İran gibi konunun az araştırıldığı bir bağlamda eğitim veren İngilizce öğretmenlerinin ELF’ in farklı boyutlarına yönelik tutumlarını araştırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmaya İngilizce eğitim veren üç özel kurumdan elli dört İranlı İngilizce öğretmeni katılmıştır. Nitel ve nicel veriler bir anket ve yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler yoluyla toplanmıştır. Bulgular, öğretmenlerin ELF ilkelerine yönelik tutumlarının oldukça değişken olduğunu göstermiştir. Öğretmenlerin çoğunluğu telaffuz ve dil yapılarının öğretiminde anadili İngilizce olanların normlarının kullanılması gerektiğini ve anadili İngilizce olan kişiler tarafından üretilen materyallerin kullanımını tercih ettiklerini belirtmişlerdir. Fakat aynı zamanda, ELF tarafından önerilen çok kültürlü farkındalık öğretimini tercih etiklerini de ortaya koymuşlardır. Ayrıca bulgular katılımcıların anadili İngilizce olan öğretmenlerin tercih edilmesine dair tutumları ile dinleme sınavlarında anadili İngilizce olmayanlarca hazırlanan materyallerin kullanılması arasında keskin ayrımlar olduğunu göstermiştir. Öğretmenlerin ELF ile ilgili konulara yönelik değişken tutumları, eğitim ve öğretim programlarının farklı öğrenme bağlamlarındaki ihtiyaçlara göre ayarlanması gerektiğinin altını çizmektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA SARANDİ H (2020). ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes. Novitas-Royal, 14(1), 69 - 86.
Chicago SARANDİ Hedayat ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes. Novitas-Royal 14, no.1 (2020): 69 - 86.
MLA SARANDİ Hedayat ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes. Novitas-Royal, vol.14, no.1, 2020, ss.69 - 86.
AMA SARANDİ H ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes. Novitas-Royal. 2020; 14(1): 69 - 86.
Vancouver SARANDİ H ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes. Novitas-Royal. 2020; 14(1): 69 - 86.
IEEE SARANDİ H "ELF in the Context of Iran: Examining Iranian In-service Teachers' Attitudes." Novitas-Royal, 14, ss.69 - 86, 2020.