Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 7 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 99 - 120 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68

Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method

Öz:
In this study, it was aimed to determine the perceived quality of threemodeled virtual design studios which have the same characteristics butdifferent colors (warm, cool and neutral) and to determine whetherthere was a difference between the real space and the evaluations madein the virtual space. Accordingly, it was assumed that the wall coloringof the virtual studio space models that were modeled could affect theperceptions of the students and that virtual space evaluations would bein parallel with real space evaluations. To test the assumption, the studymodeled the environments of three design studios with different colorsassumed to exist at a design studio of the Selçuk University and studentswere asked to evaluate these virtual spaces with the aid of virtual realitygoggles. As a result, it has been determined that there was no differencebetween the perceptual evaluations of real and virtual spaces designedwith the same features. In addition, according to the spatial scale, it wasdetermined that the cool colored space were perceived as “more roomy”and “more inviting” by the students compared to the warm colored spaceand that the cool colored space was also evaluated more positively forthe social adaptation and individual productivity scales.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
  • Ayalp, N., Yildirim, K., Bozdayi, M., & Cagatay, K. (2016). Consumers’ evaluations of fitting rooms in retail clothing stores. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 44(5), 524-539. doi:10.1108/IJRDM-06- 2015-0085
  • Ayalp, N., Yıldırım, K., & Çağatay, K. (2017). Effect on Users of the Seating Element Types in Cafés/Restaurants. Gazi University Journal of Science, 30(4), 15-28.
  • Aydinli, S. (1986). Mekansal Değerlendirmede Algısal Yargılara Dayalı Bir Model (Doctoral Dissertation). Istanbul.
  • Baker, J. (1986). The role of the environment in marketing services: the consumer perspective. In: J. Sahanahan (Ed.). The services challenge: Integrating for competitive advantage, 79-84.
  • Berlyne, D. E. (1974). Studies in the new experimental aesthetics: Steps toward an objective psychology of aesthetic appreciation: Hemisphere.
  • Bozdag, N. (2018). Gerçeklik ve Mekan: Melez Mekan Mimarlıgı (Master Dissertation). Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon.
  • Cagatay, K., Hidayetoglu, M. L., & Yildirim, K. (2017). Effects of Colors Used For Corridor Walls of High Schools on Perceptual Evaluations of Students. H.U. Journal of Education, 32(2), 466-479. doi:10.16986/HUJE.2016016 672
  • Camgöz, N., Yener, C., & Güvenç, D. (2004). Effects of hue, saturation, and brightness: Part 2: Attention. Color Research & Application, 29(1), 20-28. doi:10.1002/col.1 0214
  • Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. psychometrika, 16(3), 297-334. doi:10.1007/BF 02310555
  • Curran, J. P., & Cattell, R. B. (1976). Manual for the eight state questionnaire. Champaign, IL: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.
  • Engelbrecht, K. (2003). The Impact of Color on Learning. Chicago, Illinois: Perkins & Will.
  • Erturk, S. (1983). Mimari Mekanların Algılanması Üzerine Deneysel Bir Çalışma. Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Yayınlanmış Doktora Tezi, Trabzon.
  • Gobbetti, E., & Scateni, R. (1998). Virtual reality: Past, present, and future. Amsterdam:IOS: Virtual environments in clinical psychology and neuroscience: Methods and techniques in advanced patient-therapist interaction.
  • Grangaard, E. M. (1993). Effects of Color and Light on Selected Elementary Students (Doctoral Dissertation). Las Vegas.
  • Hamid, P. N., & Newport, A. G. (1989). Effect of colour on physical strength and mood in children. Perceptual and motor skills, 69(1), 179-185. doi:10.2466/pms.1989.69.1.179
  • Hathaway, W. E. (1987). Light, colour & air quality: important elements of the learning environment. Education Canada, 27(3), 35-44.
  • Helvacıoglu, E. (2007). Color contribution to children’s wayfinding in school environments (Doctoral Dissertation). Bilkent University Institute of Fine Arts, Ankara.
  • Hidayetoglu, M. L. (2010). Üniversite Eğitim Yapılarının İç Mekanlarında Kullanılan Renk ve Işığın Mekansal Algılama ve Yön Bulmaya Etkileri (Doctoral Dissertation). Gazi Universty Institute of Science, Ankara.
  • Hidayetoglu, M. L., Yildirim, K., & Akalin, A. (2012). The effects of color and light on indoor wayfinding and the evaluation of the perceived environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 32(1), 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2011.09.0 01
  • Hwang, J., Yoon, S. Y., & Bendle, L. J. (2012). Desired privacy and the impact of crowding on customer emotions and approach-avoidance responses: Waiting in a virtual reality restaurant. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 24(2), 224-250. doi:10.1108/0 9596111211206150
  • İmamoğlu, V. (1975). Spaciousness of interiors. Glasgow: University of Strathclyde. Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis.
  • Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D. P. (2009). Psychological Testing: Principles, Applications and Issues. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
  • Kuliga, S. F., Thrash, T., Dalton, R. C., & Hölscher, C. (2015). Virtual reality as an empirical research tool—Exploring user experience in a real building and a corresponding virtual model. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 54, 363-375. doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2015.09.006
  • McAdrew, F. T. (1993). Environmental Psychology. Wadsworth, Inc., Belmont, California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
  • McKinley, R. K., Manku-Scott, T., Hastings, A. M., French, D. P., & Baker, R. (1997). Reliability and validity of a new measure of patient satisfaction with out of hours primary medical care in the United Kingdom: development of a patient questionnaire. Bmj, 314(7075), 193. doi:10.1136/bmj.314 .7075.193
  • McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F. (1971). Manual for the profile of mood states (POMS). San Diego: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.
  • Moore, G. T., McCarty, A. L., & Jelin, G. (1995). Children's Village: A safe haven for children of stress and violence. Children's Environments, 12(1), 1-24.
  • Muezzinoglu, M. K. (2018). Eğitim Mekânlarında Kullanılan Renk ve Işığın Öğrencilerin Fonksiyonel ve Algısal Değerlendirmeleri Üzerindeki Etkileri (Effects on Functional And Algorithm Values of Color And Light Students Used in Educational Areas). Doctoral Dissertation., Selcuk Universty Institute of Science, Konya.
  • Nelson, J. G., Pelech, M. T., & Foster, S. F. (1984). Color preference and stimulation seeking. Perceptual and motor skills, 59(3), 913-914. doi:10.2466/pms.1984.59.3.913
  • Nowlis, V. (1965). Research with the mood adjective check list. In Affect, cognition, and personality: Empirical studies. (pp. xii, 464-xii, 464). Oxford, England: Springer.
  • Olds, A. R. (1989). Psychological and physiological harmony in child care center design. Children's Environments quarterly, 6(4), 8-16.
  • Osgood, C. E., Suci, G. J., & Tannenbaum, P. H. (1957). The measurement of meaning: University of Illinois Press.
  • Panayides, P. (2013). Coefficient alpha: interpret with caution. doi:10.23668/psycharchives.1414
  • Read, M. A., Sugawara, A. I., & Brandt, J. A. (1999). Impact of space and color in the physical environment on preschool children’s cooperative behavior. Environment and Behavior, 31(3), 413-428. doi:10.1177/0013916992197 2173
  • Sommer, R. (1969). Personal Space: the Behavioral Basis of Design. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. doi:DOI
  • Stone, N. J. (2003). Environmental view and color for a simulated telemarketing task. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(1), 63-78. doi:10.1016/S0272-4944(02)00107-X
  • Stone, N. J., & English, A. J. (1998). Task type, posters, and workspace color on mood, satisfaction, and performance. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18(2), 175-185. doi:10.1006/jevp.1998.0084
  • Tlauka, M., Brolese, A., Pomeroy, D., & Hobbs, W. (2005). Gender differences in spatial knowledge acquired through simulated exploration of a virtual shopping centre. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25(1), 111-118. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2004.12.002
  • Tsunetsugu, Y., Miyazaki, Y., & Sato, H. (2005). Visual effects of interior design in actual-size living rooms on physiological responses. Building and Environment, 40(10), 1341-1346. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.11.026
  • Wallet, G., Sauzéon, H., Larrue, F., & N'Kaoua, B. (2013). Virtual/real transfer in a large-scale environment: impact of active navigation as a function of the viewpoint displacement effect and recall tasks. Advances in Human- Computer Interaction, 2013, 8. doi:10.1155/2013/879563
  • Wang, H., & Russ, R. R. (2008). Computer classroom wall colour preference and the relationship with personality type of college students. Colour: Design and Creativity, 2, 1-13.
  • Witmer, B. G., Bailey, J. H., Knerr, B. W., & Parsons, K. C. (1996). Virtual spaces and real world places: transfer of route knowledge. International journal of human-computer studies, 45(4), 413-428. doi:10.1006/ijhc.1996.0060
  • Wolbers, T., & Hegarty, M. (2010). What determines our navigational abilities? Trends in cognitive sciences, 14(3), 138-146. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2010.01.001
  • Yildirim, K., Akalin-Baskaya, A., & Hidayetoglu, M. L. (2007). Effects of indoor color on mood and cognitive performance. Building and Environment, 42(9), 3233- 3240. doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.07.037
  • Yildirim, K., Ayalp, N., Guner Aktas, G., & Lutfi Hidayetoglu, M. (2014). Consumer perceptions and functional evaluations of cash desk types in the clothing retail context. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 42(6), 542-552. doi:10.1108/IJRDM-03-2013-0056
  • Yildirim, K., Cagatay, K., & Ayalp, N. (2015). Effect of wall colour on the perception of classrooms. Indoor and Built Environment, 24(5), 607-616. doi:10.1177/1420326X145 26214
  • Yildirim, K., Hidayetoglu, M. L., & Capanoglu, A. (2011). Effects of interior colors on mood and preference: comparisons of two living rooms. Perceptual and motor skills, 112(2), 1-16. doi:10.2466/24.27.PMS.112.2.509-524
  • Yıldırım, K., & Oğuzhan, U. (2010). The effects of space quality of dormitory rooms on functional and perceptual performance of users: Zübeyde Hanım Sorority. Gazi University Journal of Science, 23(4), 519-530.
  • Zuckerman, M., & Lubin, B. (1985). Manuel for the MAACL-R: The multiple affect adjective check list: Educational and Industrial Testing Service.
APA YILDIRIM K, HİDAYETOĞLU M, GÖKBULUT N, MÜEZZİNOĞLU M (2019). Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method. ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning, 7(1), 99 - 120. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
Chicago YILDIRIM Kemal,HİDAYETOĞLU MEHMET LÜTFİ,GÖKBULUT Nurettin,MÜEZZİNOĞLU M. Kübra Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method. ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning 7, no.1 (2019): 99 - 120. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
MLA YILDIRIM Kemal,HİDAYETOĞLU MEHMET LÜTFİ,GÖKBULUT Nurettin,MÜEZZİNOĞLU M. Kübra Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method. ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning, vol.7, no.1, 2019, ss.99 - 120. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
AMA YILDIRIM K,HİDAYETOĞLU M,GÖKBULUT N,MÜEZZİNOĞLU M Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method. ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning. 2019; 7(1): 99 - 120. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
Vancouver YILDIRIM K,HİDAYETOĞLU M,GÖKBULUT N,MÜEZZİNOĞLU M Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method. ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning. 2019; 7(1): 99 - 120. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
IEEE YILDIRIM K,HİDAYETOĞLU M,GÖKBULUT N,MÜEZZİNOĞLU M "Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method." ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning, 7, ss.99 - 120, 2019. 0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68
ISNAD YILDIRIM, Kemal vd. "Effects on Students’ Perceptual Evaluations of The Wall Colors Used in Design Studios by The Virtual Reality Method". ICONARP International Journal Of Architecture And Planning 7/1 (2019), 99-120. https://doi.org/0.15320/ICONARP.2019.68