Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 21 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 517 - 531 Metin Dili: İngilizce İndeks Tarihi: 10-12-2020

THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO

Öz:
This paper is written in the belief that the European Union uses different instrumentsin order to maintain a permanent peace environment in the post-conflict regions. To answerthe question of what those instruments are, we begin by taking a closer look at Macedoniaand Kosovo cases which clarify the peace-building conception of the Union. In accordancewith the aims of this study, the concept of human security will be regarded to mean acircumstance that the European Union has officially recognized as a basic policy to evaluatethe peace-building instruments. The major instrument that the European Union uses at thenation and state building processes of post-conflict regions is the Stabilization andAssociation Process. Under that process, the European Union signed several agreementswith the Western Balkans countries known as Stabilization and Association Agreements. Wefound a significant correlation between Stabilization and Association Agreements and thereconstruction of the Western Balkan countries’ economic and political conditions, whichhave gained their independency after the disunification of Yugoslavia but experiencedserious state-building problems. These consequences of the Stabilization and AssociationAgreements with Macedonia and Kosovo complement each other and help to illuminate thephenomenon of the success of Stabilization and Association Process of the European Union.
Anahtar Kelime:

BATI BALKANLAR’DA AVRUPA BİRLİĞİ’NİN BARIŞ-İNŞA ÇABALARI: MAKEDONYA VE KOSOVA ÖRNEKLERİ

Öz:
Bu makale, Avrupa Birliği’nin çatışma sonrası bölgelerde kalıcı bir barış ortamı sağlamak için farklı araçlar kullandığı inancıyla yazılmıştır. Bu araçların ne olduğu sorusuna cevap vermek için, Makedonya ve Kosova örneklerine daha yakından bakarak başlıyoruz. Bu iki örnek, Birliğin barış inşası anlayışına açıklık getirebilecektir. Bu makalenin amaçları doğrultusunda, insan güvenliği kavramı, Avrupa Birliği’nin barış inşası için kullandığı araçları değerlendirmek için resmi bir politika olarak resmen tanındığı bir durum anlamına gelecektir. Avrupa Birliği’nin çatışma sonrası bölgelerin ulus ve devlet inşası süreçlerinde kullandığı başlıca araç İstikrar ve Ortaklık Süreci’dir. Bu süreçte Avrupa Birliği, Batı Balkanlar’daki ülkeler ile İstikrar ve Ortaklık Anlaşması olarak adlandırılan çeşitli anlaşmalar imzalamıştır. Biz İstikrar ve Ortaklık Anlaşmaları ile Yugoslavya’nın dağılmasından sonra bağımsızlıklarını kazanmış, ancak ciddi devlet-inşa problemleri yaşayan Balkan Devletleri’nin ekonomik ve politik koşulların yeniden yapılandırılması arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulduk. Makedonya ve Kosova ile İstikrar ve Ortaklık Anlaşmaları’nın bu sonuçları birbirini tamamlar ve Avrupa Birliği’nin İstikrar ve Ortaklık Süreci’nin başarısını aydınlatmaya yardımcı olacak niteliktedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA AĞIR B, ARMAN M, Akcay E (2019). THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. , 517 - 531.
Chicago AĞIR BÜLENT SARPER,ARMAN MURAT NECİP,Akcay Ekrem Yasar THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. (2019): 517 - 531.
MLA AĞIR BÜLENT SARPER,ARMAN MURAT NECİP,Akcay Ekrem Yasar THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. , 2019, ss.517 - 531.
AMA AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. . 2019; 517 - 531.
Vancouver AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. . 2019; 517 - 531.
IEEE AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E "THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO." , ss.517 - 531, 2019.
ISNAD AĞIR, BÜLENT SARPER vd. "THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO". (2019), 517-531.
APA AĞIR B, ARMAN M, Akcay E (2019). THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 21(2), 517 - 531.
Chicago AĞIR BÜLENT SARPER,ARMAN MURAT NECİP,Akcay Ekrem Yasar THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 21, no.2 (2019): 517 - 531.
MLA AĞIR BÜLENT SARPER,ARMAN MURAT NECİP,Akcay Ekrem Yasar THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, vol.21, no.2, 2019, ss.517 - 531.
AMA AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 21(2): 517 - 531.
Vancouver AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 21(2): 517 - 531.
IEEE AĞIR B,ARMAN M,Akcay E "THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO." Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 21, ss.517 - 531, 2019.
ISNAD AĞIR, BÜLENT SARPER vd. "THE PEACE-BUILDING EFFORTS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE WESTERN BALKANS: THE CASES OF MACEDONIA AND KOSOVO". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 21/2 (2019), 517-531.