ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE

Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 4 Sayfa Aralığı: 3958 - 3976 Metin Dili: İngilizce

ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE

Öz:
Following the war waged against radical terror under the leadership of United States of America upon the September 11 attacks, a remarkable increase has been recorded in private companies’ significance and roles in intelligence system. Due to changing threat perceptions, threats’ becoming asymmetrical and increased demands for risk analyses required by global companies for their international investments, private intelligence companies have entered into a major development process. In this period, completely profit-oriented private intelligence companies have gained a wide-ranging movement area through occasional support and guidance of intelligence services of their country. In addition to this, for recent years, thanks to the developing economic strengths and intelligence network of the given companies, they have almost begun to work as an intelligence service and provide services to their customers. As a consequence, it is evident that private intelligence companies will play a crucial role in intelligence management of the future. In this respect, this study will primarily examine the roles of private intelligence companies in the USA’s intelligence system where they efficiently operate, and problems they arise. And thus, functions of private intelligence companies, whose influence on intelligence management will rapidly enhance, within the USA’s system will be analysed and therefore, on global scale, efficiency of such kind of companies on future’s intelligence management will be revealed.
Anahtar Kelime:

ÖZEL ŞİRKETLERİN GELECEĞİN İSTİHBARAT YÖNETİMİNDEKİ ROLÜ: AMERİKA BİRLEŞİK DEVLETLERİ İSTİHBARAT SİSTEMİNİN ANALİZİ

Öz:
11 Eylül sonrasında Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nin (ABD) önderliğinde radikal teröre karşı başlatılan savaş ile birlikte, özel istihbarat şirketlerinin istihbarat sistemindeki önem ve rollerinde kayda değer bir artış söz konusu olmuştur. Bu süreçte değişen tehdit algıları, tehditlerin asimetrik hale gelmesi ve global şirketlerin uluslararası yatırımları ile ilgili olarak ihtiyaç duydukları risk analizlerine yönelik artan talepleri ile birlikte, özel istihbarat şirketleri büyük bir gelişim süreci içine girmişlerdir. Bu dönemde tamamen “kâr” amacı ile çalışan özel istihbarat şirketleri, ait oldukları devletin gizli servislerinin de zaman zaman destek ve yönlendirmesi ile geniş bir hareket alanına sahip olmuşlardır. Bununla birlikte son yıllarda bahse konu şirketler gelişen ekonomik güçleri ve irtibat ağı ile birlikte adeta bir istihbarat servisi gibi çalışmaya ve müşterilerine hizmet sağlamaya başlamışlardır. Sonuç olarak geleceğin istihbarat yönetiminde özel istihbarat şirketlerinin önemli işlev göreceği ortadır. Bu itibarla çalışmada öncelikle özel istihbarat şirketlerinin etkili bir şekilde faaliyet gösterdikleri ABD istihbarat sistemindeki rolleri ve ortaya çıkardıkları sorunlar ana hatlarıyla ele alınacaktır. Böylelikle geleceğin istihbarat yönetiminde etkileri hızla aratacak olan özel istihbarat şirketlerinin ABD sistemindeki fonksiyonları analiz edilecek ve böylelikle de küresel düzeyde bu tür şirketlerin geleceğin istihbarat yönetimindeki etkinlikleri ortaya konmaya çalışılacaktır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
  • Baer, R. (2007). Just who does the CIA’S work? Time Magazine, Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1613011,00.html 20.03.2019.
  • CBS News (2011). The Espionage Act: Why Tom Drake Was Indicted. Retrieved from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-espionage-act-why-tom-drake-was-indicted-22-05-2011/ 17.03.2019.
  • Chatterjee, P. (2008). Outsourcing intelligence in Iraq: a Corpwatch report on L-3/ Titan. Retrieved from https://corpwatch.org/article/outsourcing-intelligence-iraq-corpwatch-report-l-3titan-0 20.01.2019.
  • Çetinkaya, Ş. (2011/2012). Güvenlik algılaması ve uluslararası ilişkiler teorilerinin güvenliğe bakış açıları. 21. Yüzyılda Sosyal Bilimler, 2, 241-246.
  • Darıcılı, A. B. (2018). ABD’nin ulusal enerji sektörünü hedef alan istihbarat faaliyetlerine yönelik kontr/espiyonaj stratejisi. Mehmet Emin Erendor (Ed). Uluslararası ilişkilerde güncel sorunlar (pp. 85-108). Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.
  • Dreyfus, R. & Vest, J. (2004). The lie factory. Mother Jones. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/09/24/the-lie-factory 20.03.2019.
  • Edwin, C. F. (1996). The secret war for the union: The untold story of military intelligence in the civil war.
  • Hartung, W. (2011). Prophets of war: Lockheed Martin and the making of the military-industrial complex. New York: Nation Books.
  • Hillhouse, R. J. (2007). Outsourcing Intelligence: How Bush Gets His National Intelligence From Private
  • Companies. The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.alternet.org/story/57979/outsourcing_intelligence%3A_how_bush_gets_his_national_intell igence_from_private_companies 17.01.2019.
  • Hudson, L. & Owens, C. (2011). Drone warfare: Blowback from the New American way of war. Middle East Policy, 18(3), 122-134.
  • Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı (2019). Retrieved from http://www.mit.gov.tr/t-cark.html 17.01.2019.
  • Congress.gov (2019). National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010. Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/bill/111th-congress/house-bill/2647/text 19.01.2019.
  • DNI (2019). Retrieved from http://www.dni.gov/interviews/20080827_interview.pdf 18.03.2019. Kahn, D. (2001). An historical theory of intelligence. Intelligence and National Security, 16(3), 79-92.
  • Kegley, C. (1995). Neoliberal challenge to realist theories of world politics: An introduction. New York: St.
  • Keefe, P. R. (2007). Don’t privatize our spies. new york times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/25/opinion/25keefe.html 18.03.2019.
  • Kent, S. (1965). Strategic intelligence for American world policy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Krishnan, A. (2011). The future of U.S. intelligence outsourcing. The Brown Journal of World Affairs, 18(1), 195-211.
  • Meyer, J. (2006). The CIA’s travel agent. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/10/30/the-c-i-a-s-travel-agent 20.03.2019.
  • Priest, D. & William, M. A. (2010). A hidden world, growing beyond control. Retrieved from http://projects.washingtonpost.com/top-secret-america/articles/a-hidden-world-growing-beyond-control/ 17.03.2019.
  • Rose, P. K. (1999). The founding fathers of american intelligence. Washington: Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence. Retrieved from http://www.cia.gov/csi/books/940299/art-1.html 18.03.2019.
  • Sills, E. (2012). Critical function: Improving outsourcing decisions within the intelligence community. Public Contract Law Journal, 41(4), 1007-1026.
  • Shorrock, T. (2007). Domestic spying Inc. CorpWatch. Retrieved from http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14821 20.03.2019.
  • Stack, L. (2009). US court allows rendition lawsuit against CIA contractor. Retrieved from https://www.csmonitor.com/World/terrorism-security/2009/0429/p99s01-duts.html 25.01.2019.
  • Stanger, A. (2009). One nation under contract: the outsourcing of American power and the future of foreign policy. Yale: Yale University Press.
  • Storm, J. R. (2018). Outsourcing intelligence analysis: legal and policy risks. Retrieved from http://jnslp.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Outsourcing_Intelligence_Analysis_2.pdf, 22.01.2019.
  • Voelz, G. (2009). Contractors and Intelligence: The Private Sector in the Intelligence. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence, 22(4), 586-613.
  • Zetter, K. (2007). Researcher’s analysis of al qaeda images reveals surprises - update. Wired Danger Room, Retrieved from https://www.wired.com/2007/08/researchers-ana/ 20.03.2019.
APA DARICILI A (2019). ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. , 3958 - 3976.
Chicago DARICILI Ali Burak ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. (2019): 3958 - 3976.
MLA DARICILI Ali Burak ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. , 2019, ss.3958 - 3976.
AMA DARICILI A ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. . 2019; 3958 - 3976.
Vancouver DARICILI A ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. . 2019; 3958 - 3976.
IEEE DARICILI A "ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE." , ss.3958 - 3976, 2019.
ISNAD DARICILI, Ali Burak. "ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE". (2019), 3958-3976.
APA DARICILI A (2019). ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. Manas Journal of Social Studies, 8(4), 3958 - 3976.
Chicago DARICILI Ali Burak ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. Manas Journal of Social Studies 8, no.4 (2019): 3958 - 3976.
MLA DARICILI Ali Burak ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. Manas Journal of Social Studies, vol.8, no.4, 2019, ss.3958 - 3976.
AMA DARICILI A ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. Manas Journal of Social Studies. 2019; 8(4): 3958 - 3976.
Vancouver DARICILI A ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE. Manas Journal of Social Studies. 2019; 8(4): 3958 - 3976.
IEEE DARICILI A "ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE." Manas Journal of Social Studies, 8, ss.3958 - 3976, 2019.
ISNAD DARICILI, Ali Burak. "ROLE OF PRIVATE COMPANIES IN THE FUTURE’S INTELLIGENCE MANAGEMENT; ANALYSIS OF THE US INTELLIGENCY SYSTEM WITHIN THIS SCOPE". Manas Journal of Social Studies 8/4 (2019), 3958-3976.