Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Yıl: 2018 Cilt: 9 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 95 - 105 Metin Dili: Türkçe DOI: 10.30708/mantar. 400027 İndeks Tarihi: 05-03-2021

Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi

Öz:
Türkiye zengin ve yenilebilen bir makrofungus çeşitlilğine sahiptir. Bu çalışma, Mardin’de doğal olarak yetişen Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın kimyasal kompozisyonu, yağ asitleri, aminoasitleri ve biyoaktif özellikleri içeren parametreleri belirlemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Protein, karbonhidrat, yağ, kül, diyet lif ve enerji içerikleri sırasıyla 20.64 g/100 g·dw, 75.1g/100 g, 3.25/100 g, 12.4 g/100 g, 30.4 g/100 g ve 4257 kcal/100 g, bulunmuştur. Linoleik, oleik ve palmitik asit gibi yağ asitleri oldukça fazlaydı. Temel amino asitler arasında en yüksek valindi ve onu threonin takip etti. β-karoten-linoleic asit metoduyla en yüksek total antioksidan aktivite metanol ekstraktında belirlendi (67.21 mg/ml). En yüksek DPPH radikalini giderme aktivitesi 89.22 mg/ml ile hekzan ektraktında elde edildi. Diğer taraftan, en yüksek antimikrobiyal aktivite Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 ‘a karşı (10 mm) hekzan ekstraktında elde edildi. Sitotoksik aktivitenin potansiyelinin konsantrasyon ve eksraktların solvent tipine bağımlı olduğu bulunmuştur. Etil asetat eksraktı 550 μg/ml (99.82 %) konsantrasyon değerinde (99.82 %) PC-3 hücre hattına karşı IC50 264.33 (μg/ml ) ile önemli inhibisyon etkisi göstermiştir. Sonuçta, günlük besin olarak kullanılan bu mantar yeni ilaç geliştirmek için ve kanser terapisinde bir çeşit tedavi kaynağı olabilir, ve ayrıca, M. esculenta organik ekstrakları biyoaktiviteyi teşvik eden maddeler içerebilir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Assessment Of The Nutritional Qualities And Bioactive Properties Of The Wild Edible Mushroom Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.

Öz:
Turkey has a rich and edible macrofungal diversity. This study aim to determinate parameters that included the chemical composition, fatty acids, amino acids and bioactive properties of Morchella esculenta which naturally grown in Mardin. Protein, carbohydrate, fat, ash, dietary fiber and energy contents were found 20.64 g/100 g·dw, 75.1g/100 g, 3.25/100 g, 12.4 g/100 g, 30.4 g/100 g and 4257 kcal/100 g, respectively. Fatty acids such as linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids were relatively abundant. Among the essential aminoacids valin was the highest amount and this was followed by threonine. The highest total antioxidant activity by β-carotene-linoleic acid metod was identified in methanol extract (67.21 mg /ml). The highest DPPH scavenging activity was obtained hexane extract with 89.22 mg/ml. On the other hand, the highest antimicrobial activity was obtained against Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 (10 mm) in hexane extract. It has been found that the potential of cytotoxic activity is depended on concentration and solvent type of extracts. Ethyl acetate extract showed significant inhibitory value at the concentrations of 550 μg/ml (99.82 %) against PC-3 cell lines with IC50 264.33 (μg/ml ). Overall, the mushroom used as a daily nutrient could be a source for new drug developments and a kind of treatment in cancer therapies, and also, organic extracts of M. esculenta may contain substances that stimulate bioactivity.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA acay h (2018). Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. , 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
Chicago acay hilal Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. (2018): 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
MLA acay hilal Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. , 2018, ss.95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
AMA acay h Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. . 2018; 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
Vancouver acay h Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. . 2018; 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
IEEE acay h "Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi." , ss.95 - 105, 2018. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
ISNAD acay, hilal. "Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi". (2018), 95-105. https://doi.org/10.30708/mantar. 400027
APA acay h (2018). Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. MANTAR DERGİSİ, 9(2), 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
Chicago acay hilal Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. MANTAR DERGİSİ 9, no.2 (2018): 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
MLA acay hilal Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. MANTAR DERGİSİ, vol.9, no.2, 2018, ss.95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
AMA acay h Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. MANTAR DERGİSİ. 2018; 9(2): 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
Vancouver acay h Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi. MANTAR DERGİSİ. 2018; 9(2): 95 - 105. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
IEEE acay h "Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi." MANTAR DERGİSİ, 9, ss.95 - 105, 2018. 10.30708/mantar. 400027
ISNAD acay, hilal. "Yenilebilen Yabani Mantar Morchella esculenta (L.) Pers.’nın Besinsel Kalitesi ve Biyoaktif Özelliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi". MANTAR DERGİSİ 9/2 (2018), 95-105. https://doi.org/10.30708/mantar. 400027