ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES

Yıl: 2019 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 133 - 150 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.28956/gbd.562983 İndeks Tarihi: 09-03-2021

ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES

Öz:
In this study, the manipulations of the Russian Federation (RF) in the presidential election process held in the United States of America (the US) in 2016 November are examined within the scope of RF's cyber espionage and US' counter-espionage capacities. RF has managed to manipulate the election process with the cyber espionage capabilities of the military intelligence service GRU (Glavnoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravleniye/Main Intelligence Directorate), which has become increasingly sophisticated in recent years. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation), which is the USA's counter/espionage capacity and the main intelligence service establishing this capacity, could not uncover this intervention process and within this framework failed to resist against the intelligence activities of a hostile country aimed at its own country. The manipulation of GRU in the US presidential elections has been constantly brought into question by the opponents of Donald Trump in order to create political oppression against him following his election as the President of the US. In this context, the intelligence activities of GRU have been revealed in detail by the relevant official intelligence services of the US. The analysis of these details has become important in terms of understanding the weaknesses in the counter-espionage system of the US coordinated under the leadership of the FBI, as well as the RF's cyber espionage capabilities dominated by the GRU.
Anahtar Kelime:

RUSYA FEDERASYONU’NUN AMERİKA BİRLEŞİK DEVLETLERİ 2016 BAŞKANLIK SEÇİMLERİNE YÖNELİK MANİPÜLASYONUNUN İSTİHBARAT TEKNİKLERİ KAPSAMINDA ANALİZİ

Öz:
Bu çalışmada, Rusya Federasyonu (RF)’nun Amerika Birleşik Devletleri (ABD)’nde 2016 Kasım ayındayapılan başkanlık seçim sürecine yönelik manipülasyonları, RF’nin siber espiyonaj, ABD’nin isekontr/espiyonaj kapasiteleri kapsamında incelenmektedir. RF, söz konusu seçim sürecine askerî istihbaratservisi olan GRU (Glavnoye Razvedyvatel’noye Upravleniye / Ana Askerî İstihbarat Servisi)’nun son yıllardagiderek sofistike hale gelen siber espiyonaj imkân ve kabiliyetleri dâhilinde manipüle etmeyi bir ölçüde de olsabaşarmıştır. Bu müdahale sürecini ABD kontr/espiyonaj kapasitesi ve bu kapasiteyi oluşturan temel istihbaratservisi olan FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation / Federal Araştırma Bürosu) zamanında deşifre edememiş vebu çerçevede hasım bir devletin ülkesine yönelik istihbari faaliyetine karşı koymada başarısız olmuştur.GRU’nun ABD Başkanlık seçimlerine yönelik manipülasyonları Donald Trump’ın ABD Başkanı olmasıakabinde ise anılanı siyasi açıdan baskı altına almak amacıyla Trump’a muhalif çevrelerce sürekli olarakgündemde tutulmaya başlanmıştır. Bu kapsamda da GRU’nun söz konusu istihbari faaliyetleri ABD’nin ilgiliresmî istihbarat yapılanmaları tarafından detaylarıyla ortaya konulmuştur. Bu detayların analizi ise ABD’ninFBI önderliğinde koordine edilen kontr/espiyonaj sistematiğindeki zafiyetlerin anlaşılmasının yanı sıra RF’ninGRU tarafından domine edilen siber espiyonaj kabiliyetlerini ortaya koymak bakımından önemli halegelmiştir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA DARICILI A (2019). ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. , 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
Chicago DARICILI ALI BURAK ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. (2019): 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
MLA DARICILI ALI BURAK ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. , 2019, ss.133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
AMA DARICILI A ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. . 2019; 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
Vancouver DARICILI A ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. . 2019; 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
IEEE DARICILI A "ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES." , ss.133 - 150, 2019. 10.28956/gbd.562983
ISNAD DARICILI, ALI BURAK. "ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES". (2019), 133-150. https://doi.org/10.28956/gbd.562983
APA DARICILI A (2019). ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi, 8(1), 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
Chicago DARICILI ALI BURAK ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi 8, no.1 (2019): 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
MLA DARICILI ALI BURAK ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.8, no.1, 2019, ss.133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
AMA DARICILI A ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 8(1): 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
Vancouver DARICILI A ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES. Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 8(1): 133 - 150. 10.28956/gbd.562983
IEEE DARICILI A "ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES." Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi, 8, ss.133 - 150, 2019. 10.28956/gbd.562983
ISNAD DARICILI, ALI BURAK. "ANALYSIS OF MANIPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION INTHE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES OFAMERICA WITHIN THE SCOPE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNIQUES". Güvenlik Bilimleri Dergisi 8/1 (2019), 133-150. https://doi.org/10.28956/gbd.562983