Yıl: 2020 Cilt: 10 Sayı: 56 Sayfa Aralığı: 81 - 103 Metin Dili: İngilizce

How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data

Öz:
Preschool attendance rates have been increasing in recent decades yet there is some level ofdeviation throughout the participating countries in PISA. Finland and Singapore are the countries with avery high level of preschool attendance rates while the attendance rate in Turkey lags evidently behindthe OECD average. In this study, we investigate the association between preschool attendance andscience self-efficacy for these countries using the PISA 2015 data. PISA is an international survey studyon 15-year-old students’ science, mathematics and reading literacies to evaluate the education systemsin the participating countries. Regression analyses for each country have revealed that students’preschool attendance is associated with their science self-efficacy scores to some degree in all threecountries. The difference in self-efficacy seems to be getting larger as the preschool attendanceincreases. Singapore has the highest effect size while Turkey has the lowest one considering themagnitude of the association.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Sosyal > Sosyal > Psikoloji

Okul Öncesi Eğitime Katılım Fen Öz-yeterliğinin Gelişmesi Açısından Ne Ölçüde Önemlidir? PISA 2015 Verisine Dayalı Finlandiya, Singapur ve Türkiye Karşılaştırması

Öz:
Okul öncesi eğitime katılım oranlarında son yıllarda artış gözlenmesine rağmen PISA’ya katılan ülkeler arasında bu katılım oranları açısından belirli düzeyde farklılıklar bulunmaktadır. Finlandiya ve Singapur okul öncesi eğitime katılım oranının çok yüksek olduğu iki ülke iken Türkiye'de bu oran OECD ortalamasının belirgin bir şekilde gerisindedir. Bu çalışmada, bu üç ülke için öğrencilerin okul öncesi eğitime katılımları ile fen öz-yeterlikleri arasındaki ilişki PISA 2015 verisi kullanılarak araştırılmaktadır. PISA, 15 yaşındaki bireylerin fen, matematik ve okuma alanlarındaki okuryazarlık düzeylerini ölçerek katılımcı ülkelerin eğitim sistemlerini değerlendirmeyi amaçlayan uluslararası bir çalışmadır. Her bir ülke için yapılan regresyon analizleri, üç ülkede de okul öncesi eğitime katılımın fen öz-yeterlik puanını belirli ölçüde yordadığını ortaya koymuştur. Diğer bir ifadeyle, öğrencilerin okul öncesi eğitime katılım süreleri arttıkça fen öz-yeterlik puanlarının da arttığı göze çarpmaktadır. Bu iki değişken arasındaki ilişkinin büyüklüğü dikkate alındığında Singapur en yüksek etki büyüklüğü değerine sahipken, Türkiye etki büyüklüğünün en düşük olduğu ülke olarak dikkat çekmektedir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Konular:
Sosyal > Sosyal > Psikoloji
Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Bibliyografik
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APA CANSIZ N, ÜSTÜN U, CANSIZ M, ÖZDEMİR E (2020). How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 10(56), 81 - 103.
Chicago CANSIZ NURCAN,ÜSTÜN Ulaş,CANSIZ Mustafa,ÖZDEMİR Ertuğrul How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi 10, no.56 (2020): 81 - 103.
MLA CANSIZ NURCAN,ÜSTÜN Ulaş,CANSIZ Mustafa,ÖZDEMİR Ertuğrul How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, vol.10, no.56, 2020, ss.81 - 103.
AMA CANSIZ N,ÜSTÜN U,CANSIZ M,ÖZDEMİR E How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 2020; 10(56): 81 - 103.
Vancouver CANSIZ N,ÜSTÜN U,CANSIZ M,ÖZDEMİR E How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi. 2020; 10(56): 81 - 103.
IEEE CANSIZ N,ÜSTÜN U,CANSIZ M,ÖZDEMİR E "How Critical is Preschool Attendance for Students to Build a Higher Science Self-efficacy? A Comparative Study of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey Using PISA 2015 Data." Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 10, ss.81 - 103, 2020.