Yıl: 2020 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 17 Sayfa Aralığı: 284 - 296 Metin Dili: Türkçe DOI: 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09 İndeks Tarihi: 20-06-2021

Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme

Öz:
Haset duygusu bireylerin yaşamlarını hem kişisel hem de ilişkisel düzeyde ciddi bir biçimde etkilemektedir. Buna karşın, haset duygusunun Türkiye alanyazınında yeterli ilgiyi görmediği anlaşılmaktadır. Bu derleme çalışmasında, haset konusunda yürütülen çalışmaların sosyal psikolojik bir perspektiften ele alınması ve Türkiye alanyazınına bu konuda katkı sağlanması amaçlanmıştır. Makalenin ilk bölümünde, haset duygusunun tanımı ampirik çalışmalar temelinde yapılmış ve haset duygusunun kıskançlık ve gıpta duyguları ile farkı tartışılmıştır. Makalenin ikinci bölümünde, haset duygusunun gündelik yaşama etkileri yine yürütülen ampirik çalışmalar temelinde incelenmiştir. Buna göre, haset duygusu, sosyal medya kullanımı ve psikolojik iyi oluş hali arasındaki ilişkide aracılık işlevi görmektedir. Ayrıca, iş ve örgüt bağlamlarında deneyimlenen haset duygusu yapıcı örgüt davranışlarını azaltırken, yıkıcı örgüt davranışlarını arttırmaktadır. Örgüt bağlamının özellikleri, çalışan özellikleri ve liderin özellikleri iş yerinde deneyimlenen haset düzeyini etkilemektedir. Son olarak, başarılı bireyler haset duygusunun hedefinde olmaktan ötürü rahatsızlık ve korku hissetmektedir. Bireylerin bu durumlarda verdikleri tepkiler kişisel, ilişkisel ve kültürel değişkenlere göre farklılık göstermektedir. Bu alanda yürütülen araştırmaların da gösterdiği gibi, haset duygusu insan yaşamını geniş bir alanda etkilemektedir. Bu konuyla ilgili Türkiye’de daha fazla çalışma yürütülmesi bu duygunun daha iyi anlaşılmasına katkı sunacaktır.
Anahtar Kelime:

A Social Psychological Evaluation on Envy

Öz:
Envy has serious effects on individuals in both intrapersonal and interpersonal levels. However, it has not attractedsufficient attention from the psychology literature in Turkey. This review aims to evaluate studies on envy from thesocial psychology perspective and to contribute to the literature related to this topic in Turkey. In the first part of thearticle, a definition for envy is provided on the basis of empirical studies and the difference between envy andjealousy, and envy and benign form of it (i.e. gıpta in Turkish) is discussed. The second part of the article reviews theeffects of envy on daily life on the basis of empirical studies again. According to research, envy has a mediating rolein the relationship between social media use and psychological well-being. In addition, envy, in organizationalcontexts, reduces constructive organizational behavior and increases destructive ones. The characteristics oforganizational context, of employees and of the leader affect the level of envy experienced in the workplace. Finally,successful individuals feel discomfort and fear due to being the target of envy. The reactions to being at the target ofenvy differ according to personal, relational and cultural factors. As indicated by the research on this topic, envyaffects human life in a broad context. More research needs to be done in Turkey on this emotion to have a morecomplete understanding.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Derleme Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
0
0
0
  • Appel, H., Crusius, J. ve Gerlach, A. L. (2015). Social comparison, envy, and depression on Facebook: A study looking at the effects of high comparison standards on depressed individuals. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 34(4), 277-289.
  • Aristoteles (1995). Retorik. Çev. Mehmet H. Doğan. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları –YKY (Orjinal eser M. Ö. 322 yılında basılmıştır).
  • Back, M. D., Küfner, A. C., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F. ve Denissen, J. J. (2013). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(6), 1013-1037.
  • Braun, S., Aydin, N., Frey, D. ve Peus, C. (2018). Leader narcissism predicts malicious envy and supervisor-targeted counterproductive work behavior: Evidence from field and experimental research. Journal of Business Ethics, 151(3), 725-741.
  • Chaffey, D. (2019, February 12). “Global social media research summary 2019” Erişim 26 Ocak 2020. http://www.canarie.ca/press/publications/pdf/health/healthvision.doc82
  • Chou, H.-T. G. ve Edge, N. (2012). ‘‘They are happier and having better lives than I am’’: The impact of using Facebook on perceptions of others’ lives. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(2), 117–121.
  • Cohen-Charash, Y. ve Larson, E. C. (2017). What is the nature of envy? In R. H. Smith, U. Merlone ve M. K. Duffy (Eds.), Envy at work and in organizations (pp. 1–37). New York, NY: Oxford University Press
  • Cohen-Charash, Y. ve Mueller, J. S. (2007). Does perceived unfairness exacerbate or mitigate interpersonal counterproductive work behaviours related to envy?. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(3), 666-680.
  • Crusius, J., Gonzalez, M. F., Lange, J. ve Cohen-Charash, Y. (2019). Envy: An adversarial review and comparison of two competing views. Emotion Review,1-19.
  • Crusius, J. ve Lange, J. (2014). What catches the envious eye? Attentional biases within malicious and benign envy. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 55, 1-11.
  • Çırpan, Y. ve Özdoğru, A. A. (2017). BeMaS Haset ve Gıpta Ölçeği'nin Türkçe uyarlaması: Dilsel eşdeğerlik, güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik çalışması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 18, 577-585
  • Dahling, J. J., Whitaker, B. G. ve Levy, P. E. (2009). The development and validation of a new Machiavellianism scale. Journal of Management, 35(2), 219-257.
  • Demirtas, O., Hannah, S. T., Gok, K., Arslan, A. ve Capar, N. (2017). The moderated influence of ethical leadership, via meaningful work, on followers’ engagement, organizational identification, and envy. Journal of Business Ethics, 145(1), 183-199.
  • Duffy, M. K., Scott, K. L., Shaw, J. D., Tepper, B. J. ve Aquino, K. (2012). A social context model of envy and social undermining. Academy of Management Journal, 55(3), 643–666.
  • Duffy, M. K. ve Shaw, J. D. (2000). The Salieri syndrome: Consequences of envy in groups. Small Group Research, 31(1), 3-23.
  • Exline, J. J. ve Lobel, M. (1999). The perils of outperformance: Sensitivity about being the target of a threatening upward comparison. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 307–337.
  • Exline, J. J. ve Lobel, M. (2001).Private gain, social strain: Do relationship factors shape responses to outperformance? European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 593–607.
  • Exline, J.J. ve Zell, A. L. (2012). Who doesn’t want to be envied? Personality correlates of emotional responses to outperformance scenarios. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34, 236-253.
  • Falcon, R. G. (2015). Is envy categorical or dimensional? An empirical investigation using taxometric analysis. Emotion, 15(6), 694-698.
  • Foster, G. (1972). The anatomy of envy. Current Anthropology, 13, 165-202.
  • Gibbons, F. X. ve Buunk, B. P. (1999). Individual differences in social comparison: Development of a scale of social comparison orientation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(1), 129–142.
  • Kim, A. Y. (2001). Cain and Abel in the Light of Envy: A Study in the History of the Interpretation of Envy in Genesis 4.1-16. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, 12(1), 65-84.
  • Kim, H. J. J. ve Hupka, R. B. (2002). Comparison of associative meaning of the concepts of anger, envy, fear, romantic jealousy, and sadness between English and Korean. Cross-Cultural Research, 36, 229-255.
  • Kim, E. ve Glomb, T. M. (2014). Victimization of high performers: The roles of envy and work group identification. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(4), 619-634.
  • Kim, S., O’Neill, J. W. ve Cho, H. M. (2010). When does an employee not help coworkers? The effect of leader–member exchange on employee envy and organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(3), 530-537.
  • Krasnova, H., Wenninger, H., Widjaja, T. ve Buxmann, P. (2013). Envy on Facebook: A hidden threat to users’ life satisfaction? Paper presented at the 11th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI), Leipzig, Germany.
  • Krasnova, H., Widjaja, T., Buxmann, P., Wenninger, H. ve Benbasat, I. (2015). Why following friends can hurt you: An exploratory investigation of the effects of envy on social networking sites among college-age users. Information Systems Research, 26(3), 585–605.
  • Kross, E., Verduyn, P., Demiralp, E., Park, J., Lee, D. S., Lin, N., ... ve Ybarra, O. (2013). Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults. PloS one, 8(8), e69841.
  • Lange, J. ve Crusius, J. (2015). Dispositional envy revisited: Unraveling the motivational dynamics of benign and malicious envy. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 41(2), 284-294.
  • Lange, J., Crusius, J. ve Hagemeyer, B. (2016). The Evil Queen’s dilemma: Linking narcissistic admiration and rivalry to benign and malicious envy. European Journal of Personality, 30, 168-188.
  • Lange, J., Weidman, A. C. ve Crusius, J. (2018). The painful duality of envy: Evidence for an integrative theory and a meta-analysis on the relation of envy and schadenfreude. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 114(4), 572-598.
  • Lee-Won, R. J., Shim, M., Joo, Y. K. ve Park, S. G. (2014). Who puts the best “face” forward on Facebook?: Positive self-presentation in online social networking and the role of self-consciousness, actual-to-total Friends ratio, and culture. Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 413-423.
  • Madden, R. M. (2010). The three poisons: A Buddhist guide to resolving conflict. Bloomington: AuthorHouse.
  • Miceli, M. ve Castelfranchi, C. (2007). The envious mind. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 449–479.
  • Miller, C. T. (1982). The role of performance-related similarity in social comparison of abilities: A test of the related attributes hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 18(6), 513-523.
  • Mujcic, R. ve Oswald, A. J. (2018). Is envy harmful to a society's psychological health and wellbeing? A longitudinal study of 18,000 adults. Social Science & Medicine, 198, 103-111.
  • Navarro-Carrillo, G., Beltrán-Morillas, A. M., Valor-Segura, I. ve Expósito, F. (2018). The pernicious effects of malicious versus benign envy: perceived injustice, emotional hostility and counterproductive behaviors in the workplace. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 21, 1-9.
  • Neira, C. J. B. ve Barber, B. L. (2014). Social networking site use: Linked to adolescents' social self‐concept, self‐esteem, and depressed mood. Australian Journal of Psychology, 66(1), 56–64.
  • Parrott, W. G. ve Rodriguez Mosquera, P. M. (2008). On the pleasures and displeasures of being envied. In R. H. Smith (Ed.), Series in affective science. Envy: Theory and research (p. 117–132). Oxford University Press.
  • Parrott, W. G. ve Smith, R. H. (1993). Distinguishing the experiences of envy and jealousy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 906-920.
  • Rodriguez Mosquera, P. M., Parrott, W. G. ve Hurtado de Mendoza, A. (2010). I fear your envy, I rejoice in your coveting: On the ambivalent experience of being envied by others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(5), 842-854.
  • Salovey, P. ve Rodin, J. (1986). The differentiation of social-comparison jealousy and romantic jealousy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 1100–1112.
  • Salovey, P. ve Rodin, J. (1991). Provoking jealousy and envy: Domain relevance and self-esteem threat. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 10, 395–413.
  • Schoeck, H. (1969). Envy: A Theory of Social Behavior. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World.
  • Silver, M. ve Sabini, J. (1978). The perception of envy. Social Psychology Quarterly, 41, 105–117.
  • Smith, R. H. ve Kim, S. H. (2007). Comprehending envy. Psychological bulletin, 133(1), 46-64.
  • Smith, R. H. Kim, S. H. ve Parrott, W. G. (1988). Envy and jealousy semantic problems and experiential distinctions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 14, 401–409.
  • Smith, R. H., Parrott, W. G., Diener, E. F., Hoyle, R. H. ve Kim, S. H. (1999). Dispositional envy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(8), 1007–1020
  • Steers, M. L. N., Wickham, R. E. ve Acitelli, L. K. (2014). Seeing everyone else's highlight reels: How Facebook usage is linked to depressive symptoms. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(8), 701-731.
  • Tai, K., Narayanan, J. ve McAllister, D. (2012). Envy as pain: Rethinking the nature of envy and its implications for employees and organizations. Academy of Management Review, 37, 127-129.
  • Tandoc Jr E. C., Ferrucci, P. ve Duffy, M. (2015). Facebook use, envy, and depression among college students: Is facebooking depressing?. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 139-146.
  • Taştan, S. ve Aydın Küçük, B. (2019). Üretkenliğe aykırı çalışma davranışlarını açıklayan psikososyal yapılar olarak işyerinde kıskançlık duygusu ve strese yönelik esnekliğin incelenmesİ. Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Faculty of Economics & Administrative Sciences, 24(1), 55-79.
  • Tesser, A., Millar, M. ve Moore, J. (1988). Some affective consequences of social comparison and reflection processes: The pain and pleasure of being close. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(1), 49-61.
  • Tromholt, M. (2016). The Facebook experiment: Quitting Facebook leads to higher levels of well being. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(11), 661-666.
  • Van de Ven, N., Hoogland, C. E., Smith, R. H., Van Dijk, W. W., Breugelmans, S. M. ve Zeelenberg, M. (2015). When envy leads to schadenfreude. Cognition and Emotion, 29(6), 1007-1025.
  • Van de Ven, N. ve Zeelenberg, M. (2015). On the counterfactual nature of envy:“It could have been me”. Cognition and Emotion, 29(6), 954-971.
  • Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M. ve Pieters, R. (2009). Leveling up and down: The experiences of benign and malicious envy. Emotion, 9, 419-429.
  • Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M. ve Pieters, R. (2010). Warding off the evil eye: When the fear of being envied increases prosocial behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.
  • Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M. ve Pieters, R. (2011). Why envy outperforms admiration. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(6), 784–795.
  • Vecchio, R. P. (1995). It’s not easy being green: Jealousy and envy in the workplace. In G. R. Ferris (Ed.), Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 13 (pp. 201–244). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
  • Vecchio, R. P. (2000). Negative emotion in the workplace: Employee jealousy and envy. International Journal of Stress Management, 7(3), 161-179.
  • Vecchio, R. (2005). Explorations in employee envy: Feeling envious and feeling envied. Cognition & Emotion, 19(1), 69–81.
  • Verduyn, P., Lee, D. S., Park, J., Shablack, H., Orvell, A., Bayer, J., ... ve Kross, E. (2015). Passive Facebook usage undermines affective well-being: Experimental and longitudinal evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(2), 480-488.
  • Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Roberts, L. R. ve Eckles, K. (2014). Social comparison, social media, and self esteem. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 3(4), 206-222.
APA kaynak b (2020). Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. , 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
Chicago kaynak bağdat deniz Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. (2020): 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
MLA kaynak bağdat deniz Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. , 2020, ss.284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
AMA kaynak b Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. . 2020; 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
Vancouver kaynak b Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. . 2020; 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
IEEE kaynak b "Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme." , ss.284 - 296, 2020. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
ISNAD kaynak, bağdat deniz. "Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme". (2020), 284-296. https://doi.org/10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
APA kaynak b (2020). Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. Nesne Dergisi, 8(17), 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
Chicago kaynak bağdat deniz Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. Nesne Dergisi 8, no.17 (2020): 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
MLA kaynak bağdat deniz Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. Nesne Dergisi, vol.8, no.17, 2020, ss.284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
AMA kaynak b Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. Nesne Dergisi. 2020; 8(17): 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
Vancouver kaynak b Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme. Nesne Dergisi. 2020; 8(17): 284 - 296. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
IEEE kaynak b "Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme." Nesne Dergisi, 8, ss.284 - 296, 2020. 10.7816/nesne-08-17-09
ISNAD kaynak, bağdat deniz. "Haset Duygusu Üzerine Sosyal Psikolojik Bir Değerlendirme". Nesne Dergisi 8/17 (2020), 284-296. https://doi.org/10.7816/nesne-08-17-09