Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 41 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 1 - 34 Metin Dili: Türkçe DOI: 10.26650/SP2019-0081

Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme

Öz:
Konuşma çözümlemesi sosyal bilimler içinde gelişme göstermiş, temel olarakdoğal konuşmaları inceleyen ve konuşmacıların etkileşimlerine dair belirliözellikleri açığa çıkaran bir nitel araştırma yöntemidir. Psikoterapi araştırmalarınicel ve nitel pek çok farklı araştırma yöntemini kullanarak psikoterapi süreci veetkililiğini belirleyen özellikleri anlamayı hedeflemiştir. Psikoterapide uzmanlarve danışanlar arasındaki etkileşime dair öğeler bu özelliklerden biri olarakgörülmüş ve konuşma çözümlemesi de psikoterapi araştırmalarında kullanılanyöntemlerden biri haline gelmiştir. Ülkemizde konuşma çözümlemesi sosyoloji,eğitim bilimleri ve psikolojinin çeşitli alt alanlarında bir araştırma yöntemiolarak daha bilinir olmakla birlikte psikoterapi araştırmaları özelinde konuşmaçözümlemesinin ne tür sorulara cevap verebileceği ile ilgili Türkçe kaynakeksikliği bulunmaktadır. Bu nedenle bu yazı konuşma çözümlemesinin psikoterapiaraştırmalarında nasıl kullanıldığı ile ilgili temel kuramsal ve yöntemsel konularıve alan yazındaki çalışmaları gözden geçirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Konuşmaçözümlemesini kullanarak psikoterapi etkileşimlerini inceleyen çalışmalaryorumsamacı psikoterapi araştırmaları geleneği içinde değerlendirilmektedir.Konuşma çözümlemesi temel varsayımları ve kendine özgü analiz yöntemleri ileterapist ve danışanların psikoterapi sürecini ortak bir şekilde nasıl inşa ettikleri vesüreçteki değişimlerin hangi konuşma araçları yoluyla hayata geçirildiğine dairçıkarımlar yapmaya imkan vermektedir. Psikoterapi araştırmaları alan yazınındakonuşma çözümlemesi kullanılarak yapılan çalışmalar pek çok sorunun cevabınıaramaktadır. Şimdiye kadar yapılan araştırmaların terapötik müdahaleler,terapi ilişkisine dair öğeler ve psikoterapinin etkilerini anlamak gibi üç temelçalışma alanı etrafında şekillendiği söylenebilir. Bu yazıda da alan yazındakibulguların özetlenmesiyle çalışmaların psikoterapi pratiğine dair çıkarımlarınayer verilmekte ve son dönemde ön plana çıkan araştırma eğilimlerinden sözedilmektedir. Aynı zamanda Türkçe bir psikoterapi kesitinin örnek analizinede yer verilmektedir. Son olarak, psikoterapide konuşma analizinin, bireyselve kültürel olarak uyarlanmış psikoterapi uygulamalarına kayda değer katkılarıolduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Psikoterapide sonuç araştırmaları ve karmayöntemli araştırma tasarımlarının da gelecekte öne çıkacağı düşünülmektedir
Anahtar Kelime:

Conversation Analysis in Psychotherapy Research: A Methodological Review

Öz:
Conversation analysis is a qualitative research method developed in social sciences that inspects naturally occurring conversations and reveals the particular characteristics of conversationalists’ interactions. Psychotherapy research aims to understand the features that determine the psychotherapy process and its effectiveness by using many different qualitative and quantitative research methods. The characteristics of interactions between psychotherapists and clients in psychotherapy are one of these features, and conversation analysis has become one of the methods used in psychotherapy research. Although conversation analysis in Turkey is better known as a research method in sociology, educational sciences, and various subfields of psychology, there is a lack of Turkish resources on the kind of questions conversation analysis can answer in psychotherapy research. Hence, the current article provides theoretical and methodological information about how conversation analysis is utilized in psychotherapy research and reviews the literature. Studies examining psychotherapy interactions using this method belong to the psychotherapy research tradition based on hermeneutics. Conversation analysis makes inferences about how therapists and clients jointly construct the psychotherapy process and how changes take place using its unique assumptions and analysis methods. In the psychotherapy research literature, conversation analysis studies have sought answers to many questions. The research hitherto has evolved around three main areas of study: therapeutic interventions, elements of the therapeutic relationship, and the effects of psychotherapy. In this paper, the literature findings are summarized and the implications of these studies for the practice of psychotherapy and recent research trends are touched upon. Furthermore, the analysis of a Turkish psychotherapy extract is illustrated. Finally, the article concludes that conversation analysis in psychotherapy makes noteworthy contributions to individually and culturally tailored psychotherapy practice. Research on psychotherapy outcomes and mixed-method designs are expected to become prominent in the future.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Derleme Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA DİLEKLER İ (2021). Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online), 41(1), 1 - 34. 10.26650/SP2019-0081
Chicago DİLEKLER İlknur Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online) 41, no.1 (2021): 1 - 34. 10.26650/SP2019-0081
MLA DİLEKLER İlknur Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online), vol.41, no.1, 2021, ss.1 - 34. 10.26650/SP2019-0081
AMA DİLEKLER İ Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online). 2021; 41(1): 1 - 34. 10.26650/SP2019-0081
Vancouver DİLEKLER İ Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme. Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online). 2021; 41(1): 1 - 34. 10.26650/SP2019-0081
IEEE DİLEKLER İ "Psikoterapi Araştırmalarında Konuşma Çözümlemesi: Yöntemsel Bir Gözden Geçirme." Psikoloji çalışmaları (Online), 41, ss.1 - 34, 2021. 10.26650/SP2019-0081