Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 19 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 1 - 17 Metin Dili: Türkçe DOI: 10.33689/spormetre.794015 İndeks Tarihi: 08-10-2021

SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI

Öz:
Diğer disiplinlerde olduğu gibi spor bilimleri alanında da bilimsel çalışmaların sonuçlarının sahaya aktarılmasında bazı sınırlılıklar olduğu bilinmektedir. Birçok araştırmanın sadece yokluk hipotezinin test edildiği analiz sonuçları ve buna bağlı p-değeri ile rapor edilmesi, spor bilimlerinde araştırma ve uygulama arasındaki boşluğun başlıca sebebi olarak gösterilmektedir. Bazı araştırmacılar gerçek dünyada yokluk hipotezinin daima yanlış olduğunu ileri sürerek müdahale etkisinin pratikteki büyüklüğüne daha fazla odaklanılması gerektiğini savunmaktadır. Son yıllarda mevcut istatistik yaklaşımının kullanıldığı araştırma sonuçlarının etki büyüklüğü gibi pratiğe hitap eden yöntemler ile desteklenmesine sıkça vurgu yapılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı bilimsel çalışmalarda sıklıkla kullanılan genel istatistik yaklaşımına alternatif olabileceği ileri sürülen modelleri ve destekleyici nitelik taşıyan bazı yöntemleri incelemek ve faydalı olduğu düşünülen yöntemlerin spor bilimleri alanında yaygınlaşmasına katkıda bulunmaktır. Literatürde özellikle etki büyüklüğünün rapor edilmesine ilişkin bir fikir birliği sağlanmış olsa da etki büyüklüğünün sınıflandırılmasına ilişkin bazı görüş ayrılıkları vardır. Büyüklük temelli çıkarım modeli ve Bayesci istatistik modelinin de pratikte sağladığı bazı avantajlara rağmen mevcut şartlarda kullanılan istatistik yaklaşımına bir alternatif olamayacağı daha fazla kabul görmektedir. Diğer taraftan pratikte önemli kabul edilen en küçük değişim miktarının ve hata terimlerinin vurgulandığı destekleyici yöntemlerin spor bilimlerinde pratik bir fayda sağlayacağı ileri sürülmektedir. Sonuç olarak literatürde mevcut istatistik yaklaşımına alternatif olabilecek modeller ile ilgili tartışmaların devam etmesine rağmen, yokluk hipotezinin test edildiği sonuçların (p-değeri, istatistiksel anlamlılık analizleri) pratik kullanıma ilişkin destekleyici yöntemler ile birlikte sunulmasının önemli yararlar sağladığı konusunda yaygın bir kabul oluşmuştur.
Anahtar Kelime:

EFFECT SIZE AND ALTERNATIVE STATISTICAL APPROACHES IN SPORTS SCIENCES

Öz:
It is known that there are some limitations in reflection the results of scientific studies on the practicein the sports sciences as in other disciplines. Main reason for the gap between research and practice in sportssciences is considered as the reporting approach of only the analysis results and p-value in many studies usingnull hypothesis. Some researchers have suggested that practical importance of the intervention effect should befocused, arguing that the null hypothesis is always false in the real world. In recent years, it has been emphasizedthat the research results using the current statistical approach should be supported with methods that appeal topractice, such as the effect size. The aim of this study is to examine models that are suggested to be an alternativeto the current statistical approach commonly used in scientific studies and some supportive methods, and toincrease to the use of methods considered useful in the field of sports sciences. Although there is a consensusin the literature regarding the reporting of effect size, there are some disagreements regarding the classificationof the effect size. Despite some practical advantages of the magnitude-based inferences and the Bayesianstatistical models, it is more accepted that it cannot be an alternative to valid statistical approach used in thecurrent conditions. On the other hand, it is stated that the supportive methods that emphasize the smallestimportant change amount and error terms, which are considered critical in practice, will provide practicalbenefits in sports sciences. Consequently, although the discussions about the models that can be an alternativeto the current statistical approach in the literature continue, there is a widespread consensus that supportinganalyzes of the null hypothesis (p-value, statistical significance) with methods for practical use provideimportant benefits.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Ulupınar S, ince i (2021). SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. , 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
Chicago Ulupınar Süleyman,ince izzet SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. (2021): 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
MLA Ulupınar Süleyman,ince izzet SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. , 2021, ss.1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
AMA Ulupınar S,ince i SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. . 2021; 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
Vancouver Ulupınar S,ince i SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. . 2021; 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
IEEE Ulupınar S,ince i "SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI." , ss.1 - 17, 2021. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
ISNAD Ulupınar, Süleyman - ince, izzet. "SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI". (2021), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.33689/spormetre.794015
APA Ulupınar S, ince i (2021). SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ, 19(1), 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
Chicago Ulupınar Süleyman,ince izzet SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ 19, no.1 (2021): 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
MLA Ulupınar Süleyman,ince izzet SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ, vol.19, no.1, 2021, ss.1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
AMA Ulupınar S,ince i SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ. 2021; 19(1): 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
Vancouver Ulupınar S,ince i SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI. SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ. 2021; 19(1): 1 - 17. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
IEEE Ulupınar S,ince i "SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI." SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ, 19, ss.1 - 17, 2021. 10.33689/spormetre.794015
ISNAD Ulupınar, Süleyman - ince, izzet. "SPOR BİLİMLERİNDE ETKİ BÜYÜKLÜĞÜ VE ALTERNATİF İSTATİSTİKYAKLAŞIMLARI". SPORMETRE BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR BİLİMLERİ DERGİSİ 19/1 (2021), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.33689/spormetre.794015