Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 29 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 705 - 719 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.24106/kefdergi.790903 İndeks Tarihi: 24-11-2021

Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test

Öz:
Purpose: Planning ability is one of the core abilities and plays an essential role in problem-solving and decision-makingprocesses. It is mainly critical in childhood to manage school-related demands and carry out daily activities at older ages. Thisstudy aimed to develop and apply a computerized version of the 4-disc Tower of London (TOL) test for planning skills. Design: The research was conducted by three studies, including children, adults, and combined samples. The research consistedof children and adults who were 5-53 years old. Nonparametric tests were used, thereby that the research data had a non normally distributed pattern.Findings: Research results showed significant relationships between age and planning ability, the number of problems solvedon the first trial, and the number of problems solved within three trials. Results showed that increasing planning ability andthe number of problems solved on the first trial was associated with increasing age. The increasing number of problems solvedwithin three trials was associated with decreasing age. There was no significant relationship between age and planning time.Highlights: Research results showed that gender has an effect on planning time in the adult group. Results showed that TOLhas an average medium difficulty level and good item discrimination level in the children sample. Besides, item difficulty anddiscrimination levels of TOL in the adult sample were acceptable. Results showed that the internal consistency level of TOL wasacceptable. In this study, only item difficulty, discrimination, and internal consistency analysis were performed, and studiesincluding detailed validity and reliability analysis can be conducted in future studies.
Anahtar Kelime:

4 Diskli Londra Kulesi Testinin Bilgisayarlı Versiyonu ile Çocuklarda ve Yetişkinlerde Planlama Becerisinin İncelenmesi

Öz:
Çalışmanın Amacı: Planlama becerisi, problem çözme ve karar verme sürecinde önemli bir rol oynayan temel becerilerdenbiridir. Özellikle çocukluk döneminde okulla ilgili öğrenme süreçlerinin yönetilmesinde, ilerleyen yaşlarda ise günlük hayataktivitelerinin yerine getirilmesinde önemli bir yere sahiptir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, planlama becerisini ölçen 4 diskli LondraKulesi (TOL) testinin bilgisayarlı bir versiyonunu geliştirmek ve uygulamaktır.Materyal ve Yöntem: Araştırma, çocukları, yetişkinleri ve her ikisini de içeren grupların yer aldığı üç aşamada gerçekleştirilmiştir.Araştırma, 5-53 yaş arası çocuk ve yetişkin bireylerin katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma verilerinin normal dağılımgöstermemesi sebebiyle verilerin analizinde parametrik olmayan testler kullanılmıştır.Bulgular: Araştırma sonuçları, yaş ile planlama becerisi, ilk denemede çözülen soru sayısı, üç denemede çözülen soru sayısıarasında anlamlı ilişkiler olduğunu göstermektedir. Sonuçlar, artan planlama becerisinin ve ilk denemede çözülen sorunsayısının artan yaşla ilişkili olduğunu göstermektedir. Üç denemede çözülen soru sayısının yaşın azalmasıyla ilişkili olduğu, yaşile planlama zamanı arasında anlamlı bir ilişkinin olmadığı tespit edilmiştir.Önemli Vurgular: Araştırma sonuçları, yetişkin grupta cinsiyet değişkeninin zamanı planlamada etkili olduğunu göstermektedir.Sonuçlar TOL’un çocuk örnekleminde ortalama düzeyde zorluk ve iyi düzeyde de ayırıcılık düzeyine sahip olduğunugöstermektedir. Yetişkin örnekleminde ise TOL kabul edilebilir düzeyde ayırıcılık ve zorluk düzeyine sahip olduğu tespitedilmiştir. Sonuçlar TOL’un iç tutarlılık düzeyinin kabul edilebilir düzeyde olduğunu göstermektedir. Bu araştırmada yalnızcamadde güçlük, ayırıcılık ve iç tutarlılık analizi gerçekleştirilmiş olup, ilerleyen araştırmalarda ayrıntılı geçerlik ve güvenirlikçalışmaları yapılabilir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA GÜVEN DEMİR E, ÖKSÜZ Y (2021). Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. , 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
Chicago GÜVEN DEMİR Elif,ÖKSÜZ Yücel Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. (2021): 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
MLA GÜVEN DEMİR Elif,ÖKSÜZ Yücel Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. , 2021, ss.705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
AMA GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. . 2021; 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
Vancouver GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. . 2021; 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
IEEE GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y "Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test." , ss.705 - 719, 2021. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
ISNAD GÜVEN DEMİR, Elif - ÖKSÜZ, Yücel. "Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test". (2021), 705-719. https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.790903
APA GÜVEN DEMİR E, ÖKSÜZ Y (2021). Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 29(3), 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
Chicago GÜVEN DEMİR Elif,ÖKSÜZ Yücel Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 29, no.3 (2021): 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
MLA GÜVEN DEMİR Elif,ÖKSÜZ Yücel Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, vol.29, no.3, 2021, ss.705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
AMA GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi. 2021; 29(3): 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
Vancouver GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi. 2021; 29(3): 705 - 719. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
IEEE GÜVEN DEMİR E,ÖKSÜZ Y "Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test." Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 29, ss.705 - 719, 2021. 10.24106/kefdergi.790903
ISNAD GÜVEN DEMİR, Elif - ÖKSÜZ, Yücel. "Investigation of Planning Skills in Children and Adults with the Computerized 4-Disc Version ofThe Tower of London Test". Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi 29/3 (2021), 705-719. https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.790903