Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 6 Sayı: 3 Sayfa Aralığı: 306 - 313 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050 İndeks Tarihi: 16-01-2022

The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women

Öz:
Objective: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively affected the psychology of the society. In this study, it was aimed to determine the stress, anxiety and depression levels in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate the delivery method attitudes using various scales. Method: The study included 151 pregnant women admitted to the obstetrics and gynecology clinic of our tertiary hospital for follow-up. A 31-question questionnaire containing demographic information and questions about COVID-19, impact of event scale (IES-R), depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21) and revised pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R) scales were applied. Results: According to the classifications made in DASS-21 subgroups, 16.5% of the pregnant women had severe or extreme depression, 35.1% had severe or extreme anxiety, 11.2% had severe or extreme stress level. The mean IES-R and PRAQ-R scores were found to be significantly higher in those under 35 years of age than those aged 35 years and over (p=0.02 and p=0.01, respectively). PRAQ-R (p<0.001), DASS-21 total (p=0.019), DASS-21 anxiety (p=0.012) and DASS-21 stress (p=0.014) scores were significantly higher in those who had their first pregnancy compared to experienced pregnant women. Conclusion: In the present study, it was determined that the pandemic had a negative effect on the depression, anxiety and stress levels of pregnant women, and this effect was higher especially in younger pregnant women and in those experiencing their first pregnancy.
Anahtar Kelime:

Hamile Kadınlarda COVID-19 Pandemisinin Depresyon, Anksiyete ve Stres Düzeyleri Üzerine Etkis

Öz:
Amaç: Koronavirüs hastalığı-2019 (COVID-19) salgını toplumun psikolojisini olumsuz etkilemiştir. Bu çalışmada, gebelerde COVID-19 salgını sırasında yaşanan stres, anksiyete ve depresyon düzeylerinin belirlenmesi ve çeşitli ölçeklerle doğum yöntemi tutumlarının incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Çalışmaya üçüncü basamak hastanemizin kadın hastalıkları ve doğum kliniğine takip için başvuran 151 gebe dahil edildi. Gebelerin hepsine demografik bilgilerini içeren ve COVID-19, olay etkisi ölçeği (IES-R), depresyon anksiyetesi stres ölçeği-21 (DASS-21) ve gözden geçirilmiş gebelikle ilgili anksiyete anketi (PRAQ-R) ile ilgili soruları içeren 31 soruluk bir anket uygulandı. Bulgular: DASS-21 alt gruplarında yapılan sınıflandırmalara göre, gebelerin %16,5’i şiddetli veya aşırı depresyon, %35,1’i şiddetli veya aşırı anksiyete, %11,2’si şiddetli veya aşırı stres düzeyine sahipti. Otuz beş yaşın altındakilerde ortalama IES-R ve PRAQ-R puanları 35 yaş ve üzerindekilere göre anlamlı derecede yüksek bulundu (sırasıyla p=0,02 ve p=0,01). İlk defa hamile olanlarda PRAQ-R (p<0,001), DASS-21 toplam (p=0,019), DASS-21 anksiyete (p=0,012) ve DASS-21 stres (p=0,014) puanları daha önce gebelik geçiren kadınlara göre yüksekti. Sonuç: Bu çalışmada, salgının gebelerin depresyon, anksiyete ve stres düzeylerini olumsuz etkilediği, bu etkinin özellikle genç gebelerde ve ilk gebeliğini yaşayanlarda daha da yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA Eren E, SANLI S (2021). The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. , 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
Chicago Eren Elif Ciler,SANLI Sevda The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. (2021): 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
MLA Eren Elif Ciler,SANLI Sevda The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. , 2021, ss.306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
AMA Eren E,SANLI S The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. . 2021; 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
Vancouver Eren E,SANLI S The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. . 2021; 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
IEEE Eren E,SANLI S "The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women." , ss.306 - 313, 2021. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
ISNAD Eren, Elif Ciler - SANLI, Sevda. "The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women". (2021), 306-313. https://doi.org/10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
APA Eren E, SANLI S (2021). The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni, 6(3), 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
Chicago Eren Elif Ciler,SANLI Sevda The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni 6, no.3 (2021): 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
MLA Eren Elif Ciler,SANLI Sevda The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni, vol.6, no.3, 2021, ss.306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
AMA Eren E,SANLI S The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni. 2021; 6(3): 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
Vancouver Eren E,SANLI S The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women. Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni. 2021; 6(3): 306 - 313. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
IEEE Eren E,SANLI S "The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women." Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni, 6, ss.306 - 313, 2021. 10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050
ISNAD Eren, Elif Ciler - SANLI, Sevda. "The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women". Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni 6/3 (2021), 306-313. https://doi.org/10.4274/BMB.galenos.2021.04.050