Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 49 - 56 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158 İndeks Tarihi: 23-01-2022

Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students

Öz:
Objective: While the acceptable use of the internet is beneficial, internet addiction, which is defined as the individual’s inability to control Internet use in addition to excessive Internet use, is a clinical condition that has various negative effects, especially on teenagers. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of internet addiction on various parameters like body mass index, physical activity, sleep quality and cognitive status in university students. Materials and Methods: A total of 1.007 university students were included in the study. The participants were asked to fill in questionnaires prepared by the researchers. Demographic information of the participants was recorded. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short form), Internet Addiction Test, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Cognitive Failures Questionnaire were used during face-to-face assessment. Results: In the Internet Addiction Test, 82.6% (n=832) of the participants were defined as ‘‘normal internet users’’ who received scores <50, whereas 17.4% (n=175) were defined as ‘‘problematic Internet users’’ with scores ≥50. Problematic internet users had higher body mass index (p=0.0001). In addition, a low-level and positive correlation was observed between poor sleep quality and total and sub-dimension scores in the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire with problematic Internet use. Conclusion: Internet addiction influences the body mass index, leading to obesity, low sleep quality and cognitive disorders, such as attention and memory problems that may be encountered in daily life.
Anahtar Kelime:

Üniversite Öğrencilerindeki İnternet Bağımlılığının Uyku Kalitesine, Fiziksel Aktiviteye ve Bilişsel Duruma Etkisi

Öz:
Amaç: İnternetin kabul edilebilir bir şekilde kullanılması bireye fayda sağlarken, aşırı internet kullanımına ek olarak bireyin internet kullanımını kontrol edememesi olarak tanımlanan internet bağımlılığı ise özellikle genç yaş grubunda yer alan bireyler üzerinde çeşitli olumsuz etkileri olan klinik bir durumdur. Bu çalışmada, gençlerde internet bağımlılığının vücut kitle indeksine, fiziksel aktiviteye, uyku kalitesine ve bilişsel duruma etkisini incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmaya üniversitemizde eğitim-öğretim gören 1,007 öğrenci dahil edilmiştir. Katılımcılardan tarafımızca hazırlanan anketlerin cevaplanması istenmiştir. Hazırlanan anketlerle katılımcıların, demografik verileri alınmış ve ardından katılımcılara Uluslararası Fiziksel Aktivite Anketi (kısa form), İnternet Bağımlılık Testi, Epworth Uykululuk Ölçeği, Pittsburgh Uyku Kalitesi Ölçeği ve Bilişsel Durum Ölçeği gibi ölçekler yüz yüze anket doldurma tekniği ile uygulanmıştır. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin %82,6’sı (n=832) İnternet Bağımlılık testinden 50 puanın altında alarak ‘‘ortalama kullanıcı’’ olarak tanımlanırken %17,4’ü (n=175) 50 puan ve üstünden puan alarak ‘‘problemli kullanıcı’’ olarak tanımlanmıştır. Çalışmamızın sonuçlarına göre problemli kullanıcı grubundaki katılımcılar daha yüksek vücut kitle indeksi değerlerine sahiptir (p=0,0001). Ayrıca uyku kalitesinin düşüklüğü, Bilişsel Durum Ölçeğindeki toplam ve alt boyut puanları ile problemli internet kullanımı arasında pozitif yönlü düşük düzeyde ilişkisi tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç: Elde edilen veriler neticesinde internet bağımlılığı, vücut kitle indeksini etkileyerek dolayısıyla obeziteye, düşük uyku kalitesine ve günlük hayatta karşılaşılabilecek dikkat ve hafıza sorunları gibi bilişsel bozukluklara neden olmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA ercan s, Acar H, Arslan E, CANBULUT A, OĞUL A, cetin c (2021). Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. , 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
Chicago ercan sabriye,Acar Hüseyin Tolga,Arslan Esma,CANBULUT Ayhan,OĞUL AHSEN,cetin cem Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. (2021): 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
MLA ercan sabriye,Acar Hüseyin Tolga,Arslan Esma,CANBULUT Ayhan,OĞUL AHSEN,cetin cem Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. , 2021, ss.49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
AMA ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. . 2021; 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
Vancouver ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. . 2021; 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
IEEE ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c "Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students." , ss.49 - 56, 2021. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
ISNAD ercan, sabriye vd. "Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students". (2021), 49-56. https://doi.org/10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
APA ercan s, Acar H, Arslan E, CANBULUT A, OĞUL A, cetin c (2021). Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, 8(1), 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
Chicago ercan sabriye,Acar Hüseyin Tolga,Arslan Esma,CANBULUT Ayhan,OĞUL AHSEN,cetin cem Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi 8, no.1 (2021): 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
MLA ercan sabriye,Acar Hüseyin Tolga,Arslan Esma,CANBULUT Ayhan,OĞUL AHSEN,cetin cem Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, vol.8, no.1, 2021, ss.49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
AMA ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi. 2021; 8(1): 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
Vancouver ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students. Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi. 2021; 8(1): 49 - 56. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
IEEE ercan s,Acar H,Arslan E,CANBULUT A,OĞUL A,cetin c "Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students." Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi, 8, ss.49 - 56, 2021. 10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158
ISNAD ercan, sabriye vd. "Effect of Internet Addiction on Sleep Quality, Physical Activity and Cognitive Status Among University Students". Türk Uyku Tıbbı Dergisi 8/1 (2021), 49-56. https://doi.org/10.4274/jtsm.galenos.2021.96158