Yıl: 2021 Cilt: 27 Sayı: 2 Sayfa Aralığı: 80 - 88 Metin Dili: İngilizce DOI: 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1 İndeks Tarihi: 03-06-2022

Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection

Öz:
Objectives: Although stigma is well defined in people with a chronic disease or condition, it has not been studied much in individuals infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). The study is one of the first descriptive individual studies conducted on this subject in our country. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the stigma experiences and concerns of individuals living with HBV, their sharing of their illness with the environment, and the state of being affected by their social relationships. Materials and Methods: Patients with hepatitis B surface antigen positivity who were admitted to the infectious diseases outpatient clinic were surveyed through face-to-face interviews. Epidemiological data, stigma experiences and anxiety states, people with whom they shared their illness, the reasons for not sharing, the impairment of social relations were questioned. Results: It was found that 19.5% of 390 individuals infected with HBV who participated in our study were “exposed” to stigma in various ways, and 27.4% were “worried” about experiencing this condition. In research, 19.9% of women, 41.4% of university graduates, and 34.8% of divorced or widowers were found to experience higher stigma (p=0.002, p=0.02 and p<0.001, respectively). It was determined that 56.7% of the participants did not share their illnesses, and this need increased with stigma experiences and anxiety. It was found that individuals mostly shared their disease status with their first-degree relatives (p<0.001). Conclusion: The fact that individuals infected with HBV experience different forms of stigma or experience anxiety suggests that there is a need to investigate these conditions and develop treatment interventions.
Anahtar Kelime:

Hepatit B Enfeksiyonu olan Hastalarda Yaşanılan Zorlukların Değerlendirilmesi

Öz:
Amaç: Stigma, kronik hastalığı veya durumu olan kimselerde iyi şekilde tanımlanmış olmasına rağmen hepatit B virüsü (HBV) ile enfekte bireylerde çok fazla araştırılmamıştır. Çalışma bu konu hakkında ülkemizde yapılan ilk tanımlayıcı bireysel çalışmalardan biridir. Bu çalışmada amacımız, HBV ile yaşayan bireylerin stigma deneyimleri ve kaygılarının, hastalıklarını çevreyle paylaşma ve sosyal ilişkilerinin etkilenme durumunun değerlendirilmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Enfeksiyon hastalıkları polikliniğine başvuran hepatit B yüzey antijeni (+) bireylerle yüz yüze görüşme yoluyla anket yapıldı. Epidemiyolojik veriler, hastaların stigma deneyimleri ve kaygı durumları, hastaların hastalıklarını kimlerle paylaştıkları, paylaşmama nedenleri ve sosyal ilişkilerin etkilenmesi sorgulandı. Bulgular: Çalışmamıza katılan HBV ile enfekte 390 bireyin %19,5’inin çeşitli şekillerde stigmaya “maruz kaldığı”, %27,4’ünün ise bu durumu yaşamaktan “kaygı duyduğu” bulundu. Araştırmada kadınların %19,9’unun, üniversite mezunlarının %41,4’ünün, boşanmış/dul olan bireylerin %34,8’inin daha yüksek oranda “stigma” yaşadığı belirlendi (sırasıyla; p=0,002, p=0,02 ve p<0,001). Katılımcıların %56,7’sinin hastalıklarını paylaşmadığı, stigma deneyimleri ve kaygı durumuyla birlikte bu ihtiyacın arttığı belirlendi. Bireylerin hastalık durumlarını en çok birinci derece yakınları ile paylaştıkları tespit edildi (p<0,001). Sonuç: HBV ile enfekte bireylerin farklı şekillerde stigma deneyimleri veya kaygı yaşadıklarının tespit edilmiş olması, bu durumların araştırılması ve iyileştirme müdahalelerinin geliştirilmesine ihtiyaç olduğunu düşündürmüştür.
Anahtar Kelime:

Belge Türü: Makale Makale Türü: Araştırma Makalesi Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA YILDIZ I, Bahçeci İ, YAVUZ A, kostakoglu u, erturk a (2021). Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. , 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
Chicago YILDIZ ILKNUR ESEN,Bahçeci İlkay,YAVUZ Ayten Yılmaz,kostakoglu ugur,erturk ayse Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. (2021): 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
MLA YILDIZ ILKNUR ESEN,Bahçeci İlkay,YAVUZ Ayten Yılmaz,kostakoglu ugur,erturk ayse Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. , 2021, ss.80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
AMA YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. . 2021; 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
Vancouver YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. . 2021; 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
IEEE YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a "Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection." , ss.80 - 88, 2021. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
ISNAD YILDIZ, ILKNUR ESEN vd. "Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection". (2021), 80-88. https://doi.org/10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
APA YILDIZ I, Bahçeci İ, YAVUZ A, kostakoglu u, erturk a (2021). Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. Viral Hepatitis Journal, 27(2), 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
Chicago YILDIZ ILKNUR ESEN,Bahçeci İlkay,YAVUZ Ayten Yılmaz,kostakoglu ugur,erturk ayse Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. Viral Hepatitis Journal 27, no.2 (2021): 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
MLA YILDIZ ILKNUR ESEN,Bahçeci İlkay,YAVUZ Ayten Yılmaz,kostakoglu ugur,erturk ayse Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. Viral Hepatitis Journal, vol.27, no.2, 2021, ss.80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
AMA YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. Viral Hepatitis Journal. 2021; 27(2): 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
Vancouver YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection. Viral Hepatitis Journal. 2021; 27(2): 80 - 88. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
IEEE YILDIZ I,Bahçeci İ,YAVUZ A,kostakoglu u,erturk a "Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection." Viral Hepatitis Journal, 27, ss.80 - 88, 2021. 10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1
ISNAD YILDIZ, ILKNUR ESEN vd. "Assessment of Stigma Exposure Status of Patients with Hepatitis B Infection". Viral Hepatitis Journal 27/2 (2021), 80-88. https://doi.org/10.4274/vhd.galenos.2021.2021-5-1