Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi

Proje Grubu: TÜBİTAK ÇAYDAG Sayfa Sayısı: 145 Proje No: 115Y627 Proje Bitiş Tarihi: 15.04.2018 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi

Öz:
Proje kapsamında Erdemli açıklarındaki transekt borunca 3 istasyonda ve bölgedeki bazı nehirlerde 2016 Agustos?undan itibaren en az 1 yıl boyunca aylık örneklemeler yapılmıs, ayrıca laboratuvarda çesitli zooplankton türleri ile birçok deney gerçeklestirilmistir. Türkiye?de ilk defa yapılan ölçümlerle, deniz suyunda 4.33-16.92 ug/L aralıgında degistigi görülen BPA kirleticisi, nehir sularında göreceli olarak biraz daha yüksek olarak, 4.14-29.92 ug/L aralıgında ölçülmüstür. Çalısılan 3 istasyondan Nansen siseleri ile elde edilen deniz suyu örneklerinin degerlendirmelerinin sonucunda toplamda 5956 adet mikroplastik parçacıgı tespit edilmistir. %87 lik oranla diger mikroplastik parçacıklarına göre daha yogun olan ve Fiber olarak adlandırılan parçacıkların çogunlugunun mavi (%31), siyah (%43) ve kırmızı (%10) renkli oldugu görülmüstür. Bu örnekleme sonucu mikroplastik yogunlugunun 444 - 49 000 adet/m³ arasında degistigi bulunmus olup, bu degerlerin su kolonu için bulunan önceki birçok çalısmadan daha yüksek oldugu da görülmüstür. Zooplankton agı ile yapılan örneklemelerde yatay çekimlerde en yüksek mikroplastik miktarları 21396 Adet/m² (ya da 59.4 adet/m³) olarak Nisan 2017?de 100m derinlikteki istasyondan elde edilmistir. Zooplankton biyokütlesinin de Nisan 2017 (16 mg/m3) ve de Haziran 2017 (12 g/m3) dönemlerinde bilhassa 20 m ve 100 m de bulunan istasyonlarda diger aylara göre daha yüksek oldugu gözlenmistir. Nisan 2017?deki yagmur ve sel olusumunun 100m derinlikteki istasyonun hem zooplankton ve hem de mikroplastik miktarlarındaki yüksek degerlerinde etkili oldugu gözlenmistir. Hem dikey ve hem de yatay ag çekimleri göz önüne alındıgında mikroplastiklerin metre küpte en fazla 1 mg civarında oldugu tespit edilmistir. Dikey çekim sonuçlarına göre, mikroplastiklerin bilhassa kıyı istasyonunda zaman zaman (Kasım 2016?da) zooplankton biyokütlesinin %28?ini olusturdukları hesaplanmıstır. Yogun olarak mikroplastige maruz bırakılan zooplankton türlerinin çesitli evrelerinin çogunun laboratuvar sartlarında mikroplastik tükettigi gözlenmistir. Yogun mikroplastik oldugunda bireylerin vücutlarının üzerine bu mikroplastiklerin yapısarak canlının hareket kabiliyetini kısıtladıgı ve dolayısıyla beslenememesine yol açarak ölümlere neden oldugu gözlenmistir. Farklı BPA dozlarına maruz bırakılan kladoser türü Daphnia magna bireylerinde Comet testi açısından 50 ppb, 100 ppb ve 10 ppm dozlarındaki hasarlar anlamlı bulunmustur buna karsılık 1 ppm gibi yüksek bir dozda hasar tespit edilememistir.
Anahtar Kelime: Kuzeydogu Akdeniz zooplankton toksisite BPA mikroplastik

Konular: Yeşil, Sürdürülebilir Bilim ve Teknoloji Çevre Bilimleri Deniz ve Tatlı Su Biyolojisi Çevre Mühendisliği
Erişim Türü: Erişime Açık
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APA KIDEYŞ A, AK ÖREK Y, YILMAZ M, ÖZHAN K, KARAHAN A (2018). Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi. , 1 - 145. 115Y627
Chicago KIDEYŞ Ahmet Erkan,AK ÖREK Yeşim,YILMAZ Mesut,ÖZHAN Koray,KARAHAN Arzu Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi. (2018): 1 - 145. 115Y627
MLA KIDEYŞ Ahmet Erkan,AK ÖREK Yeşim,YILMAZ Mesut,ÖZHAN Koray,KARAHAN Arzu Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi. , 2018, ss.1 - 145. 115Y627
AMA KIDEYŞ A,AK ÖREK Y,YILMAZ M,ÖZHAN K,KARAHAN A Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi. . 2018; 1 - 145. 115Y627
Vancouver KIDEYŞ A,AK ÖREK Y,YILMAZ M,ÖZHAN K,KARAHAN A Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi. . 2018; 1 - 145. 115Y627
IEEE KIDEYŞ A,AK ÖREK Y,YILMAZ M,ÖZHAN K,KARAHAN A "Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi." , ss.1 - 145, 2018. 115Y627
ISNAD KIDEYŞ, Ahmet Erkan vd. "Mikroplastik Partiküllerin ve Plastik Katkısı Olan "Bisfenol A" Organik Bileşiğinin Mersin Körfezi'nde Dağılım Gösteren Bazı Zooplankton Türleri Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi". (2018), 1-145. https://doi.org/115Y627
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