Yıl: 2007 Cilt: 24 Sayı: 1 Sayfa Aralığı: 179 - 194 Metin Dili: Türkçe

Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction

Öz:
Bu makale İngiliz emperyalizminin ekolojik boyutunu ve bunun ingiliz sömürge dönemi romanlarında nasıl yansıtıldığını tartışmaya açmakta, ve birbirini tamamlayan Batı merkezci ve insan merkezci ideolojilerin nasıl doğanın tahribine yol açtığını irdelemektedir. Ekolojik emperyalizm, sömürgeleştirilmiş toprakların yerüstü ve yeraltı zenginliklerinin bilinçli olarak Batıya taşınması, ekonomik çıkarlar adına sömürülmesi ve kıyımı olarak tanımlanabilir. Bu bölgelerde yokedilen biyoçeşitlilik ve dengeleri bozulan yerel ekosistemler tarihi bağlamda incelenmekte ve kökleri 17. yüzyıla dayanan ve Francis Bacon, Lewis Roberts, ve Robert Boyle gibi İngiliz düşünürlerinin savunduğu mekanik dünya görüşünün ve emperyalist ideolojilerin sömürgecilik dönemi romanlarında nasıl desteklendiği ve meşrulaştırıldığı tartışılmaktadır. Bu yaklaşım Kipling, Henty, Haggard, Conrad, Forster ve Orwell'in romanlarından örneklerle ele alınmaktadır.
Anahtar Kelime: ingiliz sömürgeciliği ekolojik emperyalizm biyolojik çeşitlilik ingiliz edebiyatı ideoloji batı felsefesi sömürü Avustralya kalıpyargılar batı edebiyatı Afrika avrupa merkezcilik

Öz:
This article focuses on the ecological dimension of British imperialism and its manifestations in British colonial fictions which rest on the closely linked Eurocentric and anthropocentric discourses. Ecological imperialism can be defined as the intentional destruction, through expoloitation, extraction and transfer of natural resources of the colonized lands in the interests of scientific and economic progress. Its roots lie in the 17th century mechanistic worldview advocated by Francis Bacon and other British thinkers of the time, including Lewis Roberts and Robert Boyle. Within this specific historical context the article discusses, with specific references to the colonial novels of Kipling, Henty, Haggard, Conrad, Forster and Orwell, how the degradation of the natural environments were legitimated which resulted in an irreversible loss of biodiversity in the indigenous lands, and how the British colonial fictions continually supported the hegemony of imperial power over the flora and fauna of these lands and their peoples.
Anahtar Kelime: exploitation ecological imperialism western philosophy english literature biological diversity ideology Africa british colonialism stereotypes Australia eurocentrism western literature

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APA OPPERMANN S (2007). Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. , 179 - 194.
Chicago OPPERMANN SERPİL GÜLSÜM Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. (2007): 179 - 194.
MLA OPPERMANN SERPİL GÜLSÜM Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. , 2007, ss.179 - 194.
AMA OPPERMANN S Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. . 2007; 179 - 194.
Vancouver OPPERMANN S Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. . 2007; 179 - 194.
IEEE OPPERMANN S "Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction." , ss.179 - 194, 2007.
ISNAD OPPERMANN, SERPİL GÜLSÜM. "Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction". (2007), 179-194.
APA OPPERMANN S (2007). Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(1), 179 - 194.
Chicago OPPERMANN SERPİL GÜLSÜM Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 24, no.1 (2007): 179 - 194.
MLA OPPERMANN SERPİL GÜLSÜM Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, vol.24, no.1, 2007, ss.179 - 194.
AMA OPPERMANN S Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2007; 24(1): 179 - 194.
Vancouver OPPERMANN S Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2007; 24(1): 179 - 194.
IEEE OPPERMANN S "Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction." Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 24, ss.179 - 194, 2007.
ISNAD OPPERMANN, SERPİL GÜLSÜM. "Ecological Imperialism in British Colonial Fiction". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 24/1 (2007), 179-194.